Chrysobothris, Eschscholtz, 1829

Ghahari, Hassan, Volkovitsh, Mark G. & Bellamy, Charles L., 2015, An annotated catalogue of the Buprestidae of Iran (Coleoptera: Buprestoidea), Zootaxa 3984 (1), pp. 1-141: 97-99

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3984.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:318FD9EA-E85D-4AEF-8E02-15EE13295F1B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D63243-FFA8-FFC2-CDD1-FEAC27F7A1BC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Chrysobothris
status

 

Genus CHRYSOBOTHRIS Eschscholtz, 1829 

synonym: Amblis Gistel 1834  .

synonym: Odontomus Kirby 1837  . synonym: Aglaura Gistel 1848  .

synonym: Tamina Gistel 1848  .

synonym: Euocys Gistel 1856.

synonym: Knowltonia Fisher 1935  .

Chrysobothris affinis ( Fabricius) 1794  : 450, 458 ( Buprestis  ); Richter 1952: 212; Radjabi 1968: 71 (?variety of affinis  and var. heterochroa Obenberger 1916  , unavailable); Modarres Awal 1997: 135 (with var. heterochroa Obenberger  ); Borumand 2002: 47; Kubáň 2006: 384; Bellamy 2008 c: 1590; Barimani et al. 2008: 201, 2009: 66; Rajabpour et al. 2012 (author: Ménétriés).

synonym: congener ( Paykull) 1799: 222 ( Buprestis  ).

synonym: tristis Abeille de Perrin 1900: 4 (preoccupied by tristis Deyrolle 1864).

synonym: adusta Abeille de Perrin 1901: 8.

synonym: cavinithorax Obenberger 1917 d: 52 (variety of affinis  ; unused original spelling). synonym: carinithorax Obenberger 1917 d: 52 (variety of affinis  ).

synonym: materculae Holynski 1975: 357.

[subgenus Chrysobothris  ].

Immatures: Schiødte 1870: 357, 372; Perris 1875: 381, 1877: 123; Richter 1952: 214; Palm 1962: 75; Bílý 1975 a: 419, 1999 a: 29.

Biology/Bionomy: Bílý 2003: 50.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Apple ( Malus  sp.), apricot ( Prunus  sp.), pear ( Pyrus  , Rosaceae  ) white mulberry ( Morus  sp., Moraceae  ) ( Modarres Awal 1997); Albizia lebbec  k, Prosopis cineraria  ( Fabaceae  ), Callistemon citrinus  ( Myrtaceae  ) ( Rajabpour et al. 2012).

Distribution within Iran. Chaharmahal & Bakhtiary, Kerman ( Borumand 2002), East Azarbaijan ( Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Guilan, Hamadan, Isfahan, Lorestan, Sistan & Baluchestan, Yazd, Zanjan ( Modarres Awal 1997), Khuzestan ( Rajabpour et al. 2012), Mazandaran ( Barimani et al. 2008, 2009), Qazvin ( Radjabi 1968; Borumand 2002), Tehran ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Iran (no locality cited) ( Richter 1952; Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Distribution outside Iran. Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,? Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg Macedonia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco,? the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Note. Two parasitoid wasps, Glyptomorpha pectoralis ( Brullé, 1832)  ( Hymenoptera  : Braconidae  : Braconinae) (2 ♀, 2 ♂) and Varzobia tibialis  Nikol'skaya, 1960 ( Hymenoptera  : Chalcididae  ) (3 ♀) were collected as the parasitoid of Chrysobothris affinis  in Lahijan (Guilan province) and Golestan National Park (Golestan province), respectively.

Chrysobothris affinis nevskyi Richter 1944: 72  ; Farahbakhsh 1960: 74; Modarres Awal 1997: 135; Kubáň 2006: 384; Bellamy 2008 c: 1593.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Apricot ( Prunus  sp., Rosaceae  ), white mulberry ( Morus  sp., Moraceae  ) ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution within Iran. Northern provinces ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Distribution outside Iran. Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Chrysobothris affinis tetragramma ( Ménétriés) 1832  : 149 ( Buprestis  ); Théry 1925: 81 (variety of affinis  ); Richter 1952: 214; Davatchi et al. 1959: 245; Farahbakhsh 1960: 74; Radjabi 1968: 71; Adeli 1972: 11; Modarres Awal 1997: 135; Borumand 2002: 47; Kubáň 2006: 384; Bellamy 2008 c: 1593; Barimani et al. 2010: 131. synonym: reitteri Kerremans 1900: 304  (nomen novum for inaequalis Reitter 1895); Kubáň 2006: 44 (new assignment), 384.

synonym: inaequalis Reitter 1895 b: 128 (preoccupied by inaequalis Waterhouse 1889); Kubáň 2006: 44 (new assignment), 384.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Ulmus  sp., Salix  sp., Juglans  sp., fruit trees ( Adeli 1972), apple ( Malus  sp., Rosaceae  ), elm ( Ulmus  sp., Ulmaceae  ), walnut ( Juglans  sp., Juglandaceae  ), willow ( Salix  sp., Salicaceae  ) ( Davatchi et al. 1959; Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution within Iran. Golestan ( Richter 1952), Hamadan ( Théry 1925), Isfahan ( Richter 1952, as tetragramma ab. bienerti), Mazandaran ( Barimani et al. 2010), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), northern provinces ( Adeli 1972; Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Davatchi et al. 1959; Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Distribution outside Iran. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Turkmenistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Chrysobothris bicolorata Bílý 2000: 20  ; Kubáň 2006: 383; Bellamy 2008 c: 1601. [subgenus Abothris].

Distribution within Iran. Khuzestan ( Bílý 2000), Iran (no locality cited) (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Chrysobothris catei Barries 2009: 55  .

[subgenus Chrysobothris  ].

Distribution within Iran. Kuhgiloyeh & Boyerahmad ( Barries 2009). Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Chrysobothris hexastigma Mannerheim 1837: 78  ; Semenov - Tian-Shankij & Richter 1934: 93 (synonym of affinis  ); Kubáň 2006: 383; Volkovitsh 2006: 58 (ressurected from synonymy); Bellamy 2008 c: 1637. synonym: deserticola Semenov-Tian-Shankij & Richter 1934: 94; Radjabi 1974: 38; Abai & Adeli 1984: 71; Modarres Awal 1997: 135; Borumand 2002: 48; Volkovitsh 2006: 57 (synonym of hexastigma  ). [subgenus Chrysobothris  ].

Biology/Bionomy: Kaplin 1981: 48, 52 (as deserticola) (with bibliography).

Host plant(s) within Iran. Platanus orientalis  L. ( Platanaceae  ), trunk ( Abai & Adeli 1984, as deserticola). Distribution within Iran. Khorasan ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002, as deserticola), generally distributed ( Abai & Adeli 1984, as desertcola).

Distribution outside Iran. Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Note. Records for Platanus  as a host plant and general distribution within Iran in Abai & Adeli (1984) are most probably based on misidentification; according to Kaplin (1981) and our observations (MGV) this species is associated with Ammodendron  spp. ( Fabaceae  ) in sandy deserts.

* Chrysobothris jakovlevi  Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1891: 340; Abai & Adeli 1984: 67; Modarres Awal 1997: 135; Kubáň 2006: 384; Bellamy 2008 c: 1643.

unused original spelling: jakowlewi Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1891: 340. [subgenus Abothris].

Biology/Bionomy: Kaplin 1981: 48, 52 (with bibliography).

Host plant(s) within Iran. Pistacia  spp. ( Anacardiaceae  ), branches ( Abai & Adeli 1984), wild pistachio ( Pistacia  sp.) ( Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution within Iran. Khorasan ( Abai & Adeli 1984; Modarres Awal 1997). Distribution outside Iran. Turkmenistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Note. Probable misidentification; according to Kaplin (1981) and our observations (MGV) this species associates with Ammodendron  spp. ( Fabaceae  ) in sandy deserts.

Chrysobothris nana Fairmaire 1892 b  : clii; Kubáň 2006: 384; Bellamy 2008 c: 1654. synonym: turkestanica Obenberger 1924 c: 29.

synonym: partha Obenberger 1924 c: 30  .

[subgenus Abothris].

Distribution within Iran. Iran (no locality cited) (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Chrysobothris parvipunctata Obenberger 1914 d: 133  (variety of solieri  ); Richter 1952: 220; Bílý 1983 a: 83; Borumand 2002: 48; Kubáň 2006: 385; Bellamy 2008 c: 1661; Bílý et al. 2011: 211; Abaei 2014: 691 (Chrisobothris).

synonym: zarudniana  Semenov-Tian-Shankij & Richter 1934: 94.

synonym: beesoni Obenberger 1928 c: 308; Bílý 1983 a: 83; Borumand 2002: 48.

synonym: kheirii Cobos 1970: 191 (subspecies of beesoni).

[subgenus Chrysobothris  ].

Immatures: Cobos 1970: 189 (as beesoni).

Host plant(s) within Iran. In Punica  sp. ( Lythraceae  ) wood ( Borumand 2002), Pistacia  sp. ( Anacardiaceae  ) ( Bílý et al. 2011), Platanus  sp. ( Farabi et al. 2012).

Distribution within Iran. Hormozgan ( Bílý 1983 a, as beesoni; Bílý et al. 2011), Kerman ( Bílý et al. 2011), Kuhgiloyeh & Boyerahmad ( Bílý 1983 a, as beesoni; Bílý et al. 2011), Qom ( Bílý et al. 2011), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Semenov-Tian-Shankij & Richter 1934, type of zarudniana  ; Richter 1952, as zarudniana  ; Borumand 2002, as beesoni; Bílý et al. 2011), Tehran ( Bílý et al. 2011; Farabi et al. 2012), Yazd ( Borumand 2002), Zagros area ( Abaei 2014), Iran (no locality cited) (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c).

Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, UAE ( Bílý et al. 2011).

Chrysobothris solieri Laporte & Gory 1837: 10  ; Abaei 2006 a: 123; Abaei 2006 b: 235; Kubáň 2006: 386; Bellamy 2008 c: 1681.

synonym: pini Klingelhöffer 1845: 349.

synonym: multipunctata Campanyo 1863: 641.

synonym: quadridens Rey 1890: 172.

[subgenus Chrysobothris  ].

Immatures: Perris 1854: 117; Bílý 1975 a: 423, 1999 a: 29.

Biology/Bionomy: Bílý 2003: 52.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Pinus eldarica  ( Pinaceae  ) ( Abaei 2006 a, b).

Distribution within Iran. Tehran ( Abaei 2006 a, b), Iran (no locality cited) (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Distribution outside Iran. Algeria,? Armenia,? Austria,? Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,? Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece,? Hungary, Iraq, Israel, Italy (Pantelleria), Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco,? the Netherlands,? Poland, Portugal,? Romania,? Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey,? Ukraine (Kubáň 2006; Bellamy 2008 c). Note. Two parasitoids including, Liotryphon  sp. ( Hymenoptera  : Ichneumonidae  ) and Hockeria  sp. ( Hymenoptera  : Chalcididae  ) were collected as the larval parasitoids by Abaei (2006 a, b).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Buprestidae

Loc

Chrysobothris

Ghahari, Hassan, Volkovitsh, Mark G. & Bellamy, Charles L. 2015

2015
Loc

Chrysobothris bicolorata Bílý 2000 : 20

Bellamy 2008: 1601Bily 2000: 20

2008
Loc

Chrysobothris nana

Bellamy 2008: 1654
Obenberger 1924: 29

2008
Loc

Chrysobothris solieri

Bellamy 2008: 1681
Abaei 2006: 123
Abaei 2006: 235Laporte 1837: 10

2006
Loc

Chrysobothris affinis nevskyi

Bellamy 2008: 1593
Modarres 1997: 135
Farahbakhsh 1960: 74Richter 1944: 72

1960
Loc

Chrysobothris affinis (

Bellamy 2008: 1590Barimani 2008: 201
Borumand 2002: 47
Modarres 1997: 135
Radjabi 1968: 71
Richter 1952: 212Fabricius 1794: 450

1952
Loc

Chrysobothris parvipunctata

Abaei 2014: 691
Bily 2011: 211
Bellamy 2008: 1661
Borumand 2002: 48
Bily 1983: 83
Richter 1952: 220Obenberger 1914: 133

1952
Loc

Chrysobothris hexastigma

Bellamy 2008: 1637
Borumand 2002: 48
Modarres 1997: 135
Abai 1984: 71
Radjabi 1974: 38
Tian-Shankij 1934: 93
Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1934: 94Mannerheim 1837: 78

1934
Loc

Chrysobothris affinis tetragramma ( Ménétriés) 1832

Barimani 2010: 131
Bellamy 2008: 1593
Borumand 2002: 47
Modarres 1997: 135
Adeli 1972: 11
Radjabi 1968: 71
Farahbakhsh 1960: 74
Davatchi 1959: 245
Richter 1952: 214
Thery 1925: 81Kerremans 1900: 304Menetries 1832: 149

1925
Loc

Chrysobothris jakovlevi

Bellamy 2008: 1643
Modarres 1997: 135
Abai 1984: 67
Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1891: 340

1891
Loc

Chrysobothris catei

Barries 2009: 55