Julodis, Eschscholtz, 1829

Ghahari, Hassan, Volkovitsh, Mark G. & Bellamy, Charles L., 2015, An annotated catalogue of the Buprestidae of Iran (Coleoptera: Buprestoidea), Zootaxa 3984 (1), pp. 1-141: 6-14

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3984.1.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:318FD9EA-E85D-4AEF-8E02-15EE13295F1B

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D63243-FFCD-FFAD-CDD1-FEAE2646A561

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scientific name

Julodis
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Genus JULODIS Eschscholtz, 1829 

synonym: Jalodis Eschscholtz 1829.

synonym: Phyllis Gistel 1834  .

synonym: Saccosoma Motschulsky 1859  .

Note. The larvae of Julodinae  are soil habitants feeding externally on the roots of different plants. All the records herein refer to adults only.

Julodis aeneipes Saunders 1869: 2  ; Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1906: 153; Radjabi 1968: 72; Abai & Adeli 1984: 116; Modarres Awal 1997: 135; Borumand 2002: 1; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 326; Bellamy 2008 a: 46; Holyński 2014: 20.

synonym: afghanica Obenberger 1924 c: 7.

Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Tamarisk ( Tamarix  sp., Tamaricaceae  ) ( Abai & Adeli 1984; Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Obenberger 1923 a), Hormozgan, Kerman ( Borumand 2002), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1906; Obenberger 1924 c, as afganica; 1935 e, as aeneipes  var. sterbai  ; Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002; Holyński 2014), southern provinces ( Abai & Adeli 1984; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a), Pakistan ( Holyński 2014).

* Julodis amrishi  Makhan 2012: 1.

Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Alhagi maurorum  ( Fabaceae  ) (Makhan 2012). Distribution within Iran. Markazi (Makhan 2012).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. Most probably a synonym of J. partha Obenberger 1923  (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Julodis andreae ( Olivier) 1790  : 53 ( Buprestis  ); Théry 1925: 79 (variety of onopordi); Salavatian 1950: 7 (as onopordi var. xanthographa Faldermann  ); Radjabi 1968: 73 (as onopordi andreae  and onopordi sovitzi), 1974: 39 (as andreae  and onopordi algirica); Bílý 1983 a: 31, 32 (subspecies of onopordi and onopordi sovitzi); Modarres Awal 1997: 135 (as andreae  ), 136 (as onopordi, onopordi andreae  , onopordi sovitzi, onopordi algirica, and sulcata  ); Borumand 2002: 9 (as onopordi algirica), 10 (as subspecies of onopordi and onopordi sovitzi); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 326; Bellamy 2008 a: 49; Sakenin et al. 2008: 31; Havaskary et al. 2012: 1; Ghobari et al. 2012: 233; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 1, 2 (as andreae  andreae  and pietzchmanni  ).

synonym: sovitzii ( Steven) 1830: 158 ( Buprestis  ); Radjabi 1968: 73; Bílý 1983 a: 31 (subspecies of onopordi); Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of andreae  andreae  ).

synonym: setosa ( Steven) 1830: 156 ( Buprestis  , preoccupied by setosa Thunberg 1787). synonym: lineigera Marseul 1865: 62.

synonym: ampliata Marseul 1865: 66.

synonym: stevensii Saunders 1871: 5 (nomen novum for setosa Steven 1830).

synonym: hampei Thomson 1878: 11.

synonym: lineata Kerremans 1886: xxxvii.

synonym: subviolacea Abeille de Perrin 1904: 208 (variety of onopordi); Kubáň 2006: 51 (available name; lectotype); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 326.

synonym: tenuelineata Abeille de Perrin 1904: 208 (variety of onopordi); Kubáň 2006: 51 (available name; lectotype); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 326.

synonym: derasa Abeille de Perrin 1904: 208 (variety of onopordi); Kubáň 2006: 51 (available name, synonym of andreae  andreae  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 326.

synonym: costifera Obenberger 1919: 142 (subspecies of onopordi); Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of andreae  andreae  ).

misidentification: pietzchmanni: Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 2  (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Acantholimon gulistanum  ( Plumbaginaceae  ) (Sakenin et al. 2008).

Distribution within Iran. " Armenia Persica  " (types of setosa and sovitzii) ( Steven 1830), "Chaldée persane, Plateau persan, Poucht-é-Kouh, El-Bourz, Louristan", multiple locations ( Théry 1925). Alborz ( Radjabi 1974), Ardabil, Hormozgan, Ilam, Markazi, Sistan & Baluchestan ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi), East Azarbaijan ( Radjabi 1968; Radjabi 1974 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi; Modarres Awal 1997 as onopordi and onopordi andrea; Borumand 2002; Havaskary et al. 2012), Golestan ( Radjabi 1968; Sakenin et al. 2008), Guilan, Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi; ( Modarres Awal 1997 as onopordi var. algirica  and onopordi andrea), Hamadan ( Radjabi 1968, as onopordi sovitzi varr. xanthographa, carinulosa; Modarres Awal 1997 as onopordi sovitzi), Isfahan ( Bílý 1983 a as onopordi sovitzi; Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi), Khuzestan ( Salavatian 1950 as onopordi var. xanthographa  ; Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002; Radjabi & Gigli 2012, as andreae  andreae  and pietzchmanni  ), Kordestan, West Azarbaijan ( Radjabi 1974; Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi; Ghobari et al. 2012), Lorestan ( Salavatian 1950 as onopordi var. xanthographa  ; Radjabi 1968, as onopordi sovitzi varr. xanthographa, carinulosa; Radjabi 1974; Modarres Awal 1997 as onopordi var. algirica  and onopordi sovitzi; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi), Qazvin ( Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002; Ghobari et al. 2012), Tehran ( Salavatian 1950 as onopordi var. xanthographa  ; Radjabi 1968, as onopordi sovitzi varr. xanthographa, carinulosa; Radjabi 1974; Modarres Awal 1997, as andrea, onopordi var. algirica  , onopordi andrea, and onopordi sovitzi; Borumand 2002 as onopordi algirica and scovitzi), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Julodis armeniaca Marseul 1865: 80  ; Théry 1925: 79; Radjabi, 1974: 39 (as var. cyrus  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (as var. cyrus  ); Borumand 2002: 1; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 51; Ghobari et al. 2012: 232; Ghahari & Bellamy 2012: 43.

synonym: orientalis Kerremans 1899: 272  .

synonym: cyrus Obenberger 1923 a: 19; Radjabi 1974: 39; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of armeniaca  ).

Distribution within Iran. "Chaldée persane: Aiemabad" ( Théry 1925). Bushehr, Golestan ( Borumand 2002), East Azarbaijan ( Ghahari & Bellamy 2012), Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002), Kordestan ( Ghobari et al. 2012), Mazandaran ( Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Armenia, Cyprus, Iraq, Syria, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Note. Records for Algeria and Egypt in Bellamy (2008 a) are erroneous.

Julodis audouinii Laporte & Gory 1835: 16  ; Théry 1925: 78; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 52; Ghobari et al. 2012: 233.

synonym: theryi Abeille de Perrin 1900: 3; Kubáň 2006: (synonym of audouinii  ). Biology/Bionomy: Holdhaus 1920: 50.

Distribution within Iran. Kordestan ( Ghobari et al. 2012), Lorestan ( Théry 1925), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Julodis balucha Obenberger 1923 a: 17  ; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 52; Holyński 2014: 18. synonym: semenovi Alexeev  in Alexeev et al. 1990: 63 (subspecies of intricata  ); Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of balucha  ).

Distribution within Iran. Khorasan ( Alexeev et al. 1990, as intricata  semenovi  ; Holyński 2014), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Obenberger 1923 a), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Pakistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a; Holyński 2014).

* Julodis cailliaudi  ( Latreille) 1827: 277 ( Buprestis  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 54 (caillaudi [sic!]); Kubáň in Bílý et al. 2011: 170; Ghahari & Bellamy 2012: 43 (caillaudi).

synonym: aethiopica Laporte 1835: 162; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy, 2008 a: 54 (synonym of caillaudi [sic!]); Kubáň in Bílý et al. 2011: 170.

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Ghahari & Bellamy 2012),?southern Iran ( Jakobson 1913; Kubáň in Bílý et al. 2011).

Distribution outside Iran.? Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia,? Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan,? Tunisia (Kubáň in Bílý et al. 2011).

Note. The occurrence of this species in Iran needs confirmation. Previously it was indicated for Iran by Jakobson (1913) who cited the old publication of Osculati (1844).

Julodis consobrina Kerremans 1914: 247  ; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 59. synonym: hauseri Obenberger 1928 b: 65  ; Radjabi 1968: 72 (subspecies of gotwendensis); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (subspecies of gotwendensis); Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of consobrina consobrina  ).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Obenberger 1928 b, as hauseri  ), Fars ( Modarres Awal 1997, as gotwendensis hauseri  ), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kerremans 1914; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Julodis consobrina gotwendensis Obenberger 1924 c: 6  (subspecies of ethema); Bílý 1983 a: 31; Borumand 2002: 2; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 59; Sakenin et al. 2008: 32.

misidentification: faldermanni eoa: Bílý 1983 a: 31  (not Obenberger 1923 a) (V. Kubáň, personal communication). Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Anchusa officinalis  ( Boraginaceae  ) (Sakenin et al. 2008).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr, Hormozgan ( Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), Fars ( Radjabi 1968: 72; Borumand 2002), Kerman, Kermanshah, Sistan & Baluchestan, Tehran ( Borumand 2002), Khorasan (Sakenin et al. 2008), Khuzestan ( Obenberger 1924 c; Borumand 2002), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), part of specimens identified as J. c. gotwendensis  (Loc. no. 308), J. euphratica beludjistana  and J. e. euphratica  (both from Loc. no. 304) in Bily (1983 a) actually belong to J. consobrina consobrina  . The records for Kerman, Kermanshah, Sistan & Baluchestan, Tehran ( Borumand 2002), and Khorasan (Sakenin et al. 2008) are most probably misidentifications with different subspecies of J. euphratica  . Additionaly, J. pietzehmanni  var. deserticoloides Théry 1926  (see below) is a junior synonym of J. c. gotwendensis  . According to V. Kubáň, J. c. consobrina  is a habitant of clay and stony soils on the hills while J. c. gotwendensis  is associated with coastal sandy soils.

Julodis cylindrica Théry 1925: 82  (as cylindricus); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 59. Distribution within Iran.?Ilam ("Chaldée persane: Aivan-i-Kerkha, Neima") ( Théry 1925), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. This species is known only from type locality (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Julodis ehrenbergii Laporte 1835: 162  ; Bílý 1983 a: 32 (ehrenbergi, subspecies of onopordi); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 61.

synonym: bohemanni Mannerheim 1837: 19; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327.

Distribution within Iran. Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt (Sinai), Greece, Iraq, Macedonia, Syria, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Julodis escalerae Abeille  de Perrin 1904: 206; Théry 1925: 78; Radjabi 1968: 72; Bílý 1983 a: 31; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 3; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 61; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 1, 2. synonym: bouvieri Kerremans 1905: 227.

Distribution within Iran. "Chaldée persane: Neima" ( Théry 1925). Golestan, Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Ilam ( Borumand 2002),?Kerman ( Bílý 1983 a), Khuzestan ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002; Radjabi & Gigli 2012), Lorestan ( Bílý 1983 a), Iran (no locality cited) (Abeille de Perrin 1904; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), specimens from Kerman in Bílý (1983 a, Loc. no. 347) belong to J. matthiesseni Reitter 1905  (see below); specimens indicated for Khuzestan ( Bílý 1983 a, Locs. no. 285 and 286) actually originated from Lorestan.

Julodis euphratica Laporte & Gory 1835: 18  ; Théry 1925: 78 (as iris  ); Salavatian 1950: 6 (as euphratica  and iris  var. euphratica  ); Davatchi et al. 1959: 243 (variety of iris  ); Farahbakhsh 1960: 74 (variety of iris  ); Adeli 1972: 11 (variety of iris  ); Radjabi 1968: 72, 1976: 128; Bílý 1983 a: 32; Abai & Adeli 1984: 57 (variety of iris  ), 116 (as euphratica  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (as euphratica  , iris  and iris  var. euphratica  ); Faghih 1998: 184; Borumand 2002: 3; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 61; Sakenin et al. 2008: 33; Bílý et al. 2011: 173; Havaskary et al. 2012: 1; Ghobari et al. 2012: 233; Ghahari & Bellamy 2012: 43.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Pistacia  roots ( Anacardiaceae  ) ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Adeli 1972), (Adult!) Pistacia  spp., bark ( Abai & Adeli 1984), pistachio, tamarisk ( Tamarix  sp., Tamaricaceae  ) ( Modarres Awal 1997), Tamarix  spp., sapwood ( Abai & Adeli 1984), Cerasus vulgaris  ( Rosaceae  ) (Sakenin et al. 2008).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr, Qazvin ( Bílý 1983 a), Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, Hormozgan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Qom, Semnan, Sistan & Baluchestan, Yazd, Zanjan ( Borumand 2002), East Azarbaijan ( Havaskary et al. 2012), Fars ( Salavatian 1950; Davatchi et al. 1959; Farahbakhsh 1960; Radjabi 1976; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002; Ghahari & Bellamy 2012), Golestan ( Davatchi et al. 1959; Farahbakhsh 1960), Isfahan ( Salavatian 1950; Davatchi et al. 1959; Farahbakhsh 1960; Adeli 1972; Bílý 1983 a; Abai & Adeli 1984; Modarres Awal 1997; Faghih 1998; Borumand 2002), Kerman ( Adeli 1972; Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), Khorasan ( Salavatian 1950; Bílý 1983 a; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002; Sakenin et al. 2008), Kordestan ( Ghobari et al. 2012), Tehran ( Modarres Awal 1997, as iris  ; Borumand 2002), southern provinces ( Abai & Adeli 1984), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Egypt (Sinai), Iraq, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, UAE, Uzbekistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a; Bílý et al. 2011). Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), J. euphratica euphratica  may occur only in the westernmost lowlands of Iran (Ilam, Khuzestan, northern Bushehr, western Lorestan); this subspecies is distributed in Arabian Peninsula and lowland Iraq ( Bílý et al. 2011).

* Julodis euphratica beludjistana  Obenberger 1924 b: 6; Radjabi 1968: 72; Bílý 1983 a: 32; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 5; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 62; Hadian et al. 2012: 2; Holyński 2014: 32 (subspecies of whitehilli Gray 1832).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Radjabi 1968; Bílý 1983 a), Hormozgan ( Radjabi 1968; Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), Isfahan, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Qazvin, Qom ( Borumand 2002), Kerman, Sistan & Baluchestan ( Radjabi 1968; Bílý 1983 a; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Semnan ( Hadian et al. 2012). Distribution outside Iran. Pakistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006).

Note. Probably misidentification, this subspecies known only from Pakistan. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), all records in Bílý (1983 a) refer to J. e. scenica Kerremans 1905  , record for Semnan ( Hadian et al. 2012) and records for western, northern and central Iran most probably refer to J. e. karelinii Mannerheim 1837  .

Julodis euphratica bushirensis Obenberger 1928 b: 66  ; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 62. Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Obenberger 1928 b), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Julodis euphratica karelinii Mannerheim 1837: 123  ; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 62. Distribution within Iran. Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), the records for J. euphratica beludjistana Obenberger 1924  from western, northern and central Iran most probably refer to this subspecies.

* Julodis euphratica nusskina Obenberger 1924 c: 6  (subspecies of euphratica  ); Radjabi 1968: 72; Bílý 1983 a: 32 (synonym of euphratica beludjistana  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (variety of euphratica  ); Borumand 2002: 5 (synonym of euphratica beludjistana  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327 (subspecies of euphratica  ); Bellamy 2008 a: 62 (subspecies of euphratica  ); Holyński 2014: 32 (synonym of whitehilli beludjistana  Obenberger 1924). Distribution within Iran. See under J. euphratica beludjistana  ).

Distribution outside Iran. Pakistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Note. J. nusskina sensu Bílý 1983 a  (not Obenberger 1924 c) (synonym of euphratica beludjistana sensu Bílý 1983 a  , not Obenberger 1924 c) corresponds to J. euphratica scenica  (V. Kubáň, personal communcation). This subspecies is known only from Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Julodis euphratica scenica Kerremans 1905: 231  ; Bílý 1983 a: 32 (as klapaleki and euphratica beludjistana  ); Borumand, 2002: 7 (as klapaleki); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 62.

synonym: ormarensis Obenberger 1924 c: 10; Salavatian 1950: 6; Radjabi 1968: 73; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 45 (new assignment), 327; Holyński 2014: 30 (subspecies of whitehilli Gray 1832). Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Ononis  ( Fabaceae  ) ( Salavatian 1950; Modarres Awal 1997, as ormarensis). Distribution within Iran. Kerman (as ormarensis) ( Salavatian 1950; Modarres Awal 1997), Sistan & Baluchestan (as klapaleki) ( Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), (as ormarensis) ( Salavatian 1950; Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kerremans 1905; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a: 62).

Distribution outside Iran. Pakistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy, 2008 a).

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), the records for J. euphratica beludjistana Obenberger 1924  from South-East Iran refer to this subspecies.

Julodis faldermanni Mannerheim 1837: 14  ; Bílý 1983 a: 31 (as variolaris variolaris  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Sakenin et al. 2000: 301; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 327; Bellamy 2008 a: 62.

misidentification: variolaris variolaris: Bílý 1983 a: 31  (part.) (V. Kubáň, personal communication). Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Zygophyllum  sp. ( Zygophyllaceae  ) ( Sakenin et al. 2000).

Distribution within Iran. Fars ( Modarres Awal 1997), Semnan ( Sakenin et al. 2000), West Azarbaijan ( Bílý 1983 a, as variolaris variolaris  ), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006).

Distribution outside Iran. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Note. The records for Fars and Semnan in Modarres Awal (1997) and Sakenin et al. (2000), and Iraq in Bellamy (2008 a) are most probably based on misidentifications.

Julodis intricata Redtenbacher 1843: 982  ; Théry 1925: 78; Radjabi 1974: 39; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 7; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 69; Ghobari et al. 2012: 233. synonym: ruginota Marseul 1865: 54.

synonym: cupreocoelata Marseul 1865: 53.

synonym: rugosa Thomson 1878: 9 (preoccupied by rugosa Laporte & Gory 1835); Kubáň 2006: 45 (new assignment).

synonym: thomsoni Kerremans 1892: 23 (nomen novum for rugosa Thomson 1878). Distribution within Iran. Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1974; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Kordestan ( Ghobari et al. 2012), Lorestan ("Tchéar-Dooul") ( Théry 1925), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq, Israel, Syria, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Julodis laevicostata Gory 1840: 16  ; Théry 1925: 79; Salavatian 1950: 7; Radjabi 1968: 72, 1976: 128; Bílý 1983 a: 32; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 8; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 70; Ghobari et al. 2012: 233.

Distribution within Iran. "Azerbedjan: Massif du Sahend; Elbourz: Haute Valée de Charoud" ( Théry 1925). Bushehr, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, East Azarbaijan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kordestan, Semnan, West Azarbaijan ( Borumand 2002), Fars ( Radjabi 1976; Borumand 2002), Khorasan, Lorestan ( Salavatian 1950; Borumand 2002), Kuhgiloyeh & Boyerahmad, Mazandaran ( Bílý 1983 a), Tehran ( Salavatian 1950; Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), generally distributed ( Radjabi 1968, Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq, Turkmenistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

* Julodis longicollis  Abeille de Perrin 1904: 207 (variety of onopordi). Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329 (species incertae sedis; distribution unknown); Bellamy 2008 a: 71.

Distribution within Iran. Iran (no locality cited) ( Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. The occurrence of this poorly known species in Iran needs confirmation.

Julodis matthiesseni Reitter 1905: 204  ; Théry 1925: 78; Radjabi 1974: 39; Borumand 2002: 9; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 72.

misidentification: escalerae: Bílý 1983 a: 31  (not Abeille de Perrin 1904, part.) (see above) (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Distribution within Iran. "Chaldée persane: Kerkha au Kébir Kouh" ( Théry 1925). Bushehr, Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002), Kerman ( Radjabi 1974; Bílý 1983 a, as escalerae  ; Borumand 2002), central Iran ( Reitter 1905), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication), records for Bushehr and Kermanshah in Radjabi (1974) and Borumand (2002) are most probably misidentifications of J. punctatocostata Gory 1840  (Bushehr) and J. laevicostata Gory 1840  (Kermanshah).

Julodis partha Obenberger 1923 a: 23  (subspecies of onopordi); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 75.

synonym: straussi Pochon 1967: 205  ; Radjabi 1974: 39; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 12; Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of partha  ).

Distribution within Iran. East Azarbaijan, Kordestan ( Radjabi 1974; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002, as J. straussi Pochon 1967  ), Lorestan ( Pochon 1967, as straussi  ), Iran (no locality cited) ( Obenberger 1923 a; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Julodis pietzchmanni Kerremans 1914: 249  ; Radjabi 1974: 39; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Faghih 1998: 184; Borumand 2002: 3; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 76; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 1, 3 (as aeneipes  ). synonym: deserticoloides Théry 1926: 39  (variety of pietzehmanni  ); Radjabi 1974: 39, 1976: 128; Modarres Awal 1997: 136; Borumand 2002: 3.

misidentification: aeneipes: Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 3  (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr, Kuhgiloyeh & Boyerahmad ( Radjabi 1974; Borumand 2002, as J. deserticoloides  ), Fars ( Radjabi 1974, 1976; Modarres Awal 1997, Borumand 2002, as J. deserticoloides  ), Isfahan ( Faghih 1998 as J. deserticoloides  ), Khuzestan ( Radjabi 1974; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002, as J. deserticoloides  ; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: as aeneipes  ), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication) J. pietzehmanni  var. deserticoloides  is a junior synonym of J. consobrina gotwendensis  . It is possible that all records of J. pietzchmanni  from Iran refer to the latter (Bushehr, Khuzestan, Kuhgiloyeh & Boyerahmad, Isfahan) and J. aeneipes  ( Fars).

Julodis proxima Gory 1840: 12  ; Théry 1925: 83 (variety of iris  ); Radjabi 1968: 73, 1976: 128 (subspecies of euphratica  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (as euphratica  proxima  and proxima  ); Borumand 2002: 6 (subspecies of euphratica  ); Kubáň 2006: 43 (full species); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 77; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 1, 3 (as euphratica  ); Holyński 2014: 23 (subspecies of whitehilli Gray 1832).

synonym: beesoni Obenberger 1934 e: 186; Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of proxima  ).

misidentification: euphratica: Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 3  (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Distribution within Iran. Fars ( Radjabi 1968, 1976; Modarres Awal 1997, as euphratica  proxima  ), Hormozgan, Ilam, Sistan & Baluchestan, Tehran ( Borumand 2002),?Ilam ("Chaldée persane: Dehleroum") ( Théry 1925; loc. no. 8), Khuzestan ( Radjabi & Gigli 2012, as euphratica  ), generally distributed except Caspian Sea area ( Modarres Awal 1997, as proxima  ), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication) most records for J. iris  (except for loc. no. 8) in Théry (1925) refer to J. euphratica bushirensis Obenberger 1928  and J. euphratica karelinii Mannerheim 1837  ; the records for Fars, "generally distributed except Caspian Sea area" in Radjabi (1968) and Modarres Awal (1997), and Hormozgan, Ilam, Sistan & Baluchestan, Tehran in Borumand (2002) are most probably misidentifications, this rare species occurs only in Western Iran.

Julodis punctatocostata Gory 1840: 17  ; Kubáň 2006: 43 (full species); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 78.

synonym: quadricostata Marseul 1865: 71; Kubáň 2006: 47 (synonym of punctatocostata  ). Distribution within Iran. Iran (no locality cited) ( Gory 1840; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Julodis punctatocostata ramifera Marseul 1865: 69  ; Radjabi 1968: 73 (subspecies of laevicostata  ); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (subspecies of laevicostata  ); Kubáň 2006: 43 (subspecies of punctatocostata  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 328; Bellamy 2008 a: 78.

Distribution within Iran. East Azarbaijan ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication) J. p. punctatocostata  (Western Fars) and J. p. ramifera  ("Persepolis") are known from Fars; the record for East Azarbaijan in Radjabi (1968) and Modarres Awal (1997) refer to J. laevicostata Gory 1840  .

Julodis speculifer Laporte 1835: 160  ; Bílý 1983 a: 31 (as speculifera), Radjabi 1968: 73 (as speculifera); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (as speculifera); Borumand 2002: 11 (as speculifera); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 79.

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Radjabi 1968; Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002), Fars ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997), Hormozgan, Khuzestan ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Ilam, Kermanshah ( Borumand 2002), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Iraq (s. speculifer  ), Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (s. disconae Théry, 1936 a) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006).

Julodis speculifer monstrosa Abeille  de Perrin 1904: 206; Radjabi 1968: 73; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 80; Radjabi & Gigli 2012: 1, 2.

synonym: iranica Obenberger 1923 a: 17  .

Distribution within Iran. "Gotvend" (Abeille de Perrin 1904). Bushehr ( Obenberger 1923 a, as iranica  ), Ilam, Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1968), Khuzestan ( Radjabi & Gigli 2012); Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Note. The records for Egypt, Israel, Syria, and Turkey in Bellamy (2008 a) are dubious.

* Julodis syriaca  ( Olivier) 1790: no 32: 87 ( Buprestis  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 81. synonym: philistina Obenberger 1934 e: 187  .

Distribution outside Iran. Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

* Julodis syriaca distincta Gory 1840: 11  ; Théry 1925: 78 (variety of speculifera); Salavatian 1950: 70 (species); Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (species); Kubáň 2006: 43 (subspecies of syriaca  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 81.

synonym: loeffleri Mandl & Pochon 1957: 323.

Distribution within Iran. "Chaldée persane: locs. no. 4, 5, 8, 9; Poucht-é-Kouh: loc. no. 24 " ( Théry 1925). Kermanshah, Khuzestan ( Salavatian 1950; Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution outside Iran. Iraq, Syria ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Note. The records for Iran need confirmation.

Julodis variolaris ( Pallas) 1771  : 464 ( Buprestis  ); Farahbakhsh 1960: 75; Abai & Adeli 1984: 68; Modarres Awal 1997: 137; Borumand 2002: 12; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 82; Makhan et al. 2012: 1; Holyński 2014: 34.

synonym: kirghisica Marseul 1865: 47 (variety of variolaris  ).

synonym: oberthuri Kerremans 1898 a: 134; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 44 (new assignment); Holyński 2014: 23 (subspecies of whitehilli Gray 1832).

synonym: seminata Abeille de Perrin 1904: 211.

synonym: amurensis Abeille de Perrin 1904: 211.

Host plant(s) within Iran. Larvae attack roots Pistachio ( Pistacia  , Anacardiaceae  ), lucerne ( Medicago  ), Alhagi  ( Fabaceae  ) ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997), Pistacia  spp., bark ( Abai & Adeli 1984), Alhagi maurorum  ( Fabaceae  ) (Makhan et al. 2012).

Distribution within Iran. Fars, Isfahan ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Abai & Adeli 1984; Modarres Awal 1997), Khorasan ( Bílý 1983 a; Borumand 2002, as subspecies freygessneri Meyer-Darcis 1883), Kerman,?West Azarbaijan ( Bílý 1983 a), Semnan (Makhan et al. 2012), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Note. Specimens of J. variolaris variolaris  from West Azarbaijan (Loc. no. 267) in Bílý (1983 a) belong to J. faldermanni  (see above) (V. Kubáň, personal communication).

Julodis variolaris brendelli Holyński 1984: 524  (subspecies of variolaris  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 83.

Distribution within Iran. Fars ( Holyński 1984), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a: 83).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

* Julodis variolaris eoa Obenberger 1923 a: 15  ; Salavatian 1950: 7; Radjabi 1968: 72; Bílý 1983 a: 31; Modarres Awal 1997: 136 (as species); Borumand 2002: 7 (subspecies of faldermanni  ); Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329 (subspecies of variolaris  ); Bellamy 2008 a: 83; Holyński 2014: 34.

Host plant(s) within Iran. (Adult!) Milk vetch ( Astragalus  sp., Fabaceae  ) ( Salavatian 1950; Modarres Awal 1997).

Distribution within Iran. Bushehr ( Bílý 1983 a), Golestan, Kerman, Sistan & Baluchestan ( Radjabi 1968; Bílý 1983 a; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Hormozgan, Khorasan, Mazandaran, Semnan ( Borumand 2002), Tehran ( Salavatian 1950; Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997; Borumand 2002), Kermanshah ( Radjabi 1968; Modarres Awal 1997), southeastern Iran ( Holyński 2014), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Pakistan ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a). Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication) J. variolaris eoa  in Bílý (1983 a, Loc. no. 308) actually belongs to J. consobrina gotwendensis  . Occurrence of this subspecies in Iran needs confirmation.

* Julodis variolaris freygessneri Meyer-Darcis 1883  : xxxix; Farahbakhsh 1960: 75; Abai & Adeli 1984: 68; Modarres Awal 1997: 137; Borumand 2002: 12; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 83. Immatures: Bílý 1983 b: 65.

synonym: undulata Heyden 1883: 107  .

Host plant(s) within Iran. Pistachio roots ( Pistacia  sp., Anacardiaceae  ) ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997), bark (Adult!) ( Abai & Adeli 1984).

Distribution within Iran. Khorasan ( Borumand 2002), Markazi, central provinces ( Abai & Adeli 1984), northern provinces ( Farahbakhsh 1960; Modarres Awal 1997), Iran (no locality cited) ( Bellamy 2008 a). Distribution outside Iran. Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan ( Bellamy 2008 a). Note. According to V. Kubáň (personal communication) all records for different subspecies of J. variolaris  with the exception J. v. brendelli Holyński  from Fars and J. v. eoa Obenberger  from Sistan & Baluchestan refer to J. v. variolaris  .

Julodis zablodskii Motschulsky 1844: 33  ; Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006: 329; Bellamy 2008 a: 85. Distribution within Iran. Golestan ( Motschulsky 1844), Iran (no locality cited) ( Kubáň & Volkovitsh 2006; Bellamy 2008 a).

Distribution outside Iran. None recorded.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Buprestidae

Loc

Julodis

Ghahari, Hassan, Volkovitsh, Mark G. & Bellamy, Charles L. 2015

2015
Loc

Julodis balucha

Holynski 2014: 18
Bellamy 2008: 52
Kuban 2006: 327
Alexeev 1990: 63Obenberger 1923: 17

2006
Loc

Julodis consobrina

Bellamy 2008: 59
Kuban 2006: 327
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1968: 72Obenberger 1928: 65Kerremans 1914: 247

2006
Loc

Julodis cylindrica Théry 1925 : 82

Bellamy 2008: 59
Kuban 2006: 327Thery 1925: 82

2006
Loc

Julodis euphratica bushirensis

Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327Obenberger 1928: 66

2006
Loc

Julodis euphratica karelinii

Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327Mannerheim 1837: 123

2006
Loc

Julodis longicollis

Bellamy 2008: 71
Kuban 2006: 329

2006
Loc

Julodis partha

Bellamy 2008: 75
Kuban 2006: 328Obenberger 1923: 23

2006
Loc

Julodis punctatocostata

Bellamy 2008: 78
Kuban 2006: 328Gory 1840: 17

2006
Loc

Julodis syriaca

Bellamy 2008: 81
Kuban 2006: 329Obenberger 1934: 187

2006
Loc

Julodis variolaris brendelli Holyński 1984 : 524

Bellamy 2008: 83
Kuban 2006: 329Holynski 1984: 524

2006
Loc

Julodis zablodskii

Bellamy 2008: 85
Kuban 2006: 329Motschulsky 1844: 33

2006
Loc

Julodis consobrina gotwendensis

Bellamy 2008: 59
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 2
Bily 1983: 31Obenberger 1924: 6

1983
Loc

Julodis ehrenbergii

Bellamy 2008: 61
Kuban 2006: 327
Bily 1983: 32

1983
Loc

Julodis euphratica scenica

Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 7
Bily 1983: 32Kerremans 1905: 231

1983
Loc

Julodis faldermanni

Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327
Sakenin 2000: 301
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 31Mannerheim 1837: 14

1983
Loc

Julodis speculifer

Bellamy 2008: 79
Kuban 2006: 329
Borumand 2002: 11
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 31
Radjabi 1968: 73

1983
Loc

Julodis pietzchmanni

Radjabi 2012: 1
Bellamy 2008: 76
Kuban 2006: 328
Borumand 2002: 3
Borumand 2002: 3
Faghih 1998: 184
Modarres 1997: 136
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1974: 39
Radjabi 1974: 39Kerremans 1914: 249

1974
Loc

Julodis euphratica nusskina

Holynski 2014: 32
Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 5
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 32
Radjabi 1968: 72Obenberger 1924: 6

1968
Loc

Julodis punctatocostata ramifera

Bellamy 2008: 78
Kuban 2006: 328
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1968: 73Marseul 1865: 69

1968
Loc

Julodis speculifer monstrosa

Radjabi 2012: 1
Bellamy 2008: 80
Kuban 2006: 329
Radjabi 1968: 73

1968
Loc

Julodis variolaris (

Holynski 2014: 34
Bellamy 2008: 82
Kuban 2006: 329
Borumand 2002: 12
Modarres 1997: 137
Abai 1984: 68
Farahbakhsh 1960: 75Pallas 1771: 464

1960
Loc

Julodis variolaris freygessneri

Bellamy 2008: 83
Kuban 2006: 329
Borumand 2002: 12
Modarres 1997: 137
Abai 1984: 68
Bily 1983: 65
Farahbakhsh 1960: 75

1960
Loc

Julodis variolaris eoa

Holynski 2014: 34
Bellamy 2008: 83
Kuban 2006: 329
Borumand 2002: 7
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 31
Radjabi 1968: 72
Salavatian 1950: 7Obenberger 1923: 15

1950
Loc

Julodis andreae (

Havaskary 2012: 1Ghobari 2012: 233Radjabi 2012: 1
Bellamy 2008: 49
Kuban 2006: 326
Borumand 2002: 9
Modarres 1997: 135
Bily 1983: 31
Radjabi 1968: 73
Salavatian 1950: 7
Thery 1925: 79Olivier 1790: 53

1925
Loc

Julodis armeniaca

Ghobari 2012: 232Ghahari 2012: 43
Bellamy 2008: 51
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 1
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1974: 39
Thery 1925: 79Marseul 1865: 80

1925
Loc

Julodis audouinii

Ghobari 2012: 233
Bellamy 2008: 52
Kuban 2006: 327
Thery 1925: 78

1925
Loc

Julodis escalerae

Radjabi 2012: 1
Bellamy 2008: 61
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 3
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 31
Radjabi 1968: 72
Thery 1925: 78
Kerremans 1905: 227

1925
Loc

Julodis euphratica

Havaskary 2012: 1Ghobari 2012: 233Ghahari 2012: 43
Bily 2011: 173
Bellamy 2008: 61
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 3
Faghih 1998: 184
Modarres 1997: 136
Abai 1984: 57
Bily 1983: 32
Adeli 1972: 11
Radjabi 1968: 72
Farahbakhsh 1960: 74
Davatchi 1959: 243
Salavatian 1950: 6
Thery 1925: 78

1925
Loc

Julodis intricata

Ghobari 2012: 233
Bellamy 2008: 69
Kuban 2006: 328
Borumand 2002: 7
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1974: 39
Thery 1925: 78
Marseul 1865: 54Redtenbacher 1843: 982

1925
Loc

Julodis laevicostata

Ghobari 2012: 233
Bellamy 2008: 70
Kuban 2006: 328
Borumand 2002: 8
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 32
Radjabi 1968: 72
Salavatian 1950: 7
Thery 1925: 79Gory 1840: 16

1925
Loc

Julodis matthiesseni

Bellamy 2008: 72
Kuban 2006: 328
Borumand 2002: 9
Radjabi 1974: 39
Thery 1925: 78Reitter 1905: 204

1925
Loc

Julodis proxima

Holynski 2014: 23
Radjabi 2012: 1
Bellamy 2008: 77
Kuban 2006: 328
Borumand 2002: 6
Modarres 1997: 136
Radjabi 1968: 73
Thery 1925: 83Gory 1840: 12

1925
Loc

Julodis syriaca distincta

Bellamy 2008: 81
Kuban 2006: 329
Modarres 1997: 136
Salavatian 1950: 70
Thery 1925: 78Gory 1840: 11

1925
Loc

Julodis euphratica beludjistana

Holynski 2014: 32
Hadian 2012: 2
Bellamy 2008: 62
Kuban 2006: 327
Borumand 2002: 5
Modarres 1997: 136
Bily 1983: 32
Radjabi 1968: 72
Obenberger 1924: 6

1924
Loc

Julodis aeneipes

Holynski 2014: 20
Bellamy 2008: 46
Kuban 2006: 326
Borumand 2002: 1
Modarres 1997: 135
Abai 1984: 116
Radjabi 1968: 72
Semenov-Tian-Shankij 1906: 153Saunders 1869: 2

1906
Loc

Julodis cailliaudi

Ghahari 2012: 43
Bily 2011: 170
Bellamy 2008: 54
Kuban 2006: 327
Latreille 1827: 277

1827