Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836

Tan, Jiang-Li, Achterberg, Kees Van, Duan, Mei-Jiao & Chen, Xue-Xin, 2014, An illustrated key to the species of subgenus Gyrostoma Kirby, 1828 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae) from China, with discovery of Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenuispunctia Kim, 2001, Zootaxa 3785 (3), pp. 377-399: 391-393

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3785.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFCFD90F-8367-48CC-8D89-E1E4506D276F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D68796-3E78-FFD9-77DA-F9C095449C37

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836
status

 

Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836 

( Fig. 23View FIGURE 23)

Polistes tenebricosa Lepeletier 1836: 529  (type, Java,?lost).

Polistes sulcatus Smith 1852: 38  (♀, ♂, near Ningpo, China, deposited in BMNH, London). Synonymized under tenebricosus Lepeletier 1836  by Saito et al. 2005: 107.

Polistes hoplites  de Saussure 1854: 255 (unjustified emendation)

Polistes hoplitus  de Saussure 1853: 55 (♀, Indes Orientales, deposited in Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève). Synonymized under tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836  by Saito et al. 2005: 107.

Polistes rugifrons Cameron 1900: 6  : 412 (Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India).

Polistes varicornis Cameron 1905: 67  (type, ♂, deposited in Zoölogisch Museum, Amsterdam).

Polistes javanicus Cameron 1905: 68  (lectotype, ♀, Tjandi near Semarang, Java, deposited in Zoölogisch Museum, Amsterdam).

Polistes tenebricosus  var. leopoldi Bequaert 1934: 9  . Synonymized under tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836  by Saito et al. 2005: 107.

Polistes tenebricosus  var. nigrosericans Bequaert 1940: 266  . Synonymized under tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836  by Saito et al. 2005: 107.

Polistes tenebricosus  var. sibuyanensis Bequaert 1940: 266  . Synonymized under tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836  by Saito et al. 2005: 107.

Material examined. China: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Museum Paris, Chine, S. Stevens, 1852, 1 ♀, with a yellow handwritten label: P. tenebricosus Lepel.  ( MNHNAbout MNHN); 10 ♂, 5 ♀, Mt. Tianmu, Lin’an, Zhejiang, 25.viii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 2 ♀, Pan'an City, Hue Xi (28 ˚ 59 'N 120 ˚ 30 E), Zhejiang, China, 19.vi. 2012, c 600m, C v. Achterberg ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 1 ♀, West Mt. Tianmu, Zhejiang, China, 4.vi. 1994, 941484, YL Lin, labelled Polistes gigas Kirby  , det. He, 16.xi. 2000 ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Tianmu, Zhejiang, 7.vii. 2000, no. 200103814, XX Chen ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Dapan, Pan’a, Zhejiang, 17–20.vii. 2012, YJ Wang ( ZJUH); 2 ♀, Mt. Tianmu, Zhejiang, 3.vii. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 2 ♀, Mt. Tianmu, Zhejiang, 1–3.vii. 2010, LF Hu, 5.vii. 2013, FZ Ying ( ZJUH); 2 ♀, Mt. Gutian, Kaihua, Zhejiang, 1– 3.vii. 2005, no. 200604254, -04158, XX Chen ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Jiulong, Huishui, Guizhou, 11.vi. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Buyun, Shanghang, Fujian, 22–24.vii. 1988, no. 885340, Y Ma ( ZJUH); 2 ♀, Kuatun (27.4˚N, 117.40˚E), Fujian, 10.iv. 1938 (Fukien), J. Klaperich, each with a label: Polistes tenebricosus sulcatus Sm.  det. J.v.d. Vecht, 1964 ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 1 ♀, Ningpo, China, Felder (hangwriting round label) with a handwritten label:? sulcatus  Smith ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 1 ♀, Grihedo, Ngan-Hoei (Anhui) ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 2 ♀, Mt. Jiufeng, Ningbo, 4.viii. 2010, JL Tan ( NWUM); 8 ♂, 4 ♀, Jinsi Gorage LuohuaValley, Shangnan, Shaanxi, 33 ˚ 22 '37.22˝, E 110 ˚ 33 '16.98˝, 708 m, 24.vii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Laifeng, Enshi, Hubei, 15.viii. 2013, H Xiang ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Mt. Baxian, Heping, Taizhong, Taiwan, 24 ˚ 11 ' N 121 ˚ E, 4–5.vi. 2011, P Tang ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Hoozan, Formosa, ix. 1910, H Sauter, with a label “ P. s u l c a t u s, Schulthess det. 1913 ” Hym-00603 ( SDEI); 1 ♀, Jianfenling Nature Reserve (18 ˚ 44 ' 38 ½N 108 ˚ 50 ' 36 ½E), Hainan, 980–1150 m, 13–14.vii. 2013, C van Achterberg ( RMNHAbout RMNH).

Remarks. Liu (1937) included two varieties Polistes tenebricosus  var. sulcatus Smith  and P. t. var. hoplites  de Saussure. Bequaert (1940) recorded typical P. tenebricosus  from Formosa and P. t. var. sulcatus  from southern China. We accept the view of Saito et al. (2005); they synonymized these varieties as colour varieties of P. tenebricosus  . The colour pattern of the examined specimens from China is as follows: body brownish-black to ferruginous, or predominantly black; the pronotum varies from mainly black with margin narrowly reddish brown, dorsal half reddish brown in lateral view to entirely reddish brown; the mesoscutum varies from entirely black, with four irregular russet stripes to entirely or mostly dark reddish brown ( Fig. 23View FIGURE 23 A –F); but specimens from Hainan black with milky yellow blotches ( Fig. 23View FIGURE 23 G –J). No specimens with the colour pattern of var. hoplites  (second metasomal tergite mostly or entirely orange-yellow) were available from China.

Distribution. China (Anhui, Fujian, Guizhou, Hubei, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Hainan, Taiwan); India; Nepal; Vietnam; Myanmar; Indonesia; Philippines. ( Carpenter 1996 b update to 2006)

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eumenidae

Genus

Polistes

Loc

Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenebricosus Lepeletier, 1836

Tan, Jiang-Li, Achterberg, Kees Van, Duan, Mei-Jiao & Chen, Xue-Xin 2014

2014
Loc

Polistes sulcatus

Saito 2005: 107Smith 1852: 38

2005
Loc

Polistes tenebricosus

Saito 2005: 107Bequaert 1934: 9

2005
Loc

Polistes tenebricosus

Saito 2005: 107Bequaert 1940: 266

2005
Loc

Polistes tenebricosus

Saito 2005: 107Bequaert 1940: 266

2005
Loc

Polistes hoplitus

Saito 2005: 107
Saussure 1853: 55

1853
Loc

Polistes rugifrons

Cameron 1900: 6

Loc

Polistes varicornis

Cameron 1905: 67

Loc

Polistes javanicus

Cameron 1905: 68