Polistes (Gyrostoma) rothneyi Cameron , 1900

Tan, Jiang-Li, Achterberg, Kees Van, Duan, Mei-Jiao & Chen, Xue-Xin, 2014, An illustrated key to the species of subgenus Gyrostoma Kirby, 1828 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae) from China, with discovery of Polistes (Gyrostoma) tenuispunctia Kim, 2001, Zootaxa 3785 (3), pp. 377-399: 387-389

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3785.3.3

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFCFD90F-8367-48CC-8D89-E1E4506D276F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D68796-3E7C-FFC4-77DA-FA86928D9EA7

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scientific name

Polistes (Gyrostoma) rothneyi Cameron , 1900
status

 

Polistes (Gyrostoma) rothneyi Cameron, 1900 

( Figs 20–22View FIGURE 20View FIGURE 21View FIGURE 22)

Polistes rothneyi Cameron 1900: 410  (♂, Bengal, India, deposited in OUMAbout OUM, Oxford).

Polistes rufolineatus Cameron 1900: 411  (lectotype, ♂, designated by van der Vecht, 1964, Khasia Hills, Assam, India, deposited in BMNH, London). Synonymized under rothneyi Cameron, 1900  by van der Vecht, 1968: 102.

Polistes rothneyi yayeyamae Matsumura 1908: 6  , nom nudum (holotype, ♀, Ryukyu Isl., Japan), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi grahami  van der Vecht 1968: 104 (holotype, ♀, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, deposited in United States National Museum, Washington, DC), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi hainanensis  van der Vecht 1968: 106 (holotype, ♀, Nada, Hainan, China, deposited in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MCZAbout MCZ), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi iwatai  van der Vecht 1968: 104 (holotype, ♀, Takayama, Japan, deposited in MCZAbout MCZ, Cambridge), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi gressitti  van der Vecht 1968: 106 (holotype, ♀, Taihanroku, Taiwan, China, deposited in RMNHAbout RMNH, Leiden), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi tibetanus  van der Vecht 1968: 102 (holotype, ♀, Tibet, China, deposited in RMNHAbout RMNH, Leiden), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi koreanus  van der Vecht 1968: 104 (holotype, ♀, Seoul, Korea, deposited in University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor), syn. nov.

Polistes rothneyi sikkimensis  van der Vecht 1968: 102 (holotype, ♀, Sikkim, India, deposited in BMNH, London), syn. nov.

Material examined. Southwest plateau group ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20): f. rothneyi  : India: ♀, lectotype, Khasia Hills ( P. rufolineatus Cameron  , BM, type, no. 18.895 a) Cam. coll. 1901 - 137; 1 ♀, Shillong, 6.viii. 1903, 5.02 ( RMNHAbout RMNH); f.

tibetanus: China: 1 ♀, paratype, Tibet, 1954 ( RMNHAbout RMNH).? f. A: 1 ♀, Deqing, Yunnan, 28 km SE (28.315 ˚N, 99.1252˚E), 21.vi. 2009, Blank, Liston & Taeger ( SDEI). 2 ♀, Fugong, Yunnan, 24.viii. 2003, 20046637- 8, Q Li ( ZJUH), 4 ♀, Ninglangningli, Lijiang, Yunnan, no. 20046553, - 6554, - 6556, - 6557, 23.viii. 2003, Q Li ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, id., but 22.viii. 2004, no. 20046541, ZS Geng ( ZJUH).

Distribution. China (Yunnan, Tibet); India (Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Bihar, Assam, Meghalaya); Nepal. ( Carpenter 1996 b)

Common yellow-black group ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21): f. hainanensis (Hainan): China: ♀, paratype, Nodoa, Hainan, vi – viii. 1935, L. Gressitt ( RMNHAbout RMNH). 1 ♀, Baisha (19 ˚ 13 'N, 109 ˚ 26 'E), Hainan, 202 m, 21.vii. 2011, no. hzs0700439, YH Zhong ( CATAS); 1 ♀, Nanluo Village (19 ˚ 47 'N, 109 ˚ 63 'E), Nanyang, Hainan, 202 m, 6.vii. 2011, no. 0 7008, WJ Zhu ( CATAS); 2 ♀, Jianfenling Nature Reserve (18 ˚ 44 ' 38 ”N 108 ˚ 50 ' 36 ”E), Hainan, 980–1150 m, 13–14.vii. 2013, C van Achterberg ( RMNHAbout RMNH). f. grahami: China: ♂, paratype, no. 663, Peiping, Hepei, China, 193, Liu ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 9 ♀, paratypes, Kuatun, Fukien, iii. 1946, Tschung, Sen ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Museum Paris, Kouy-chéou, Rég. de Pin-fa, Père Cavalerie, 1909 ( MNHNAbout MNHN); 1 ♀, Museum Paris, Kouyyang, Kouy-Tchéou, PP Cavalerie et Fortunat, 1906 ( MNHNAbout MNHN); 2 ♀, Tsé-Kou, Yun-Nan (Mgr Soulie), R Oberthür, 1898 ( MNHNAbout MNHN); 1 ♀, Rainforestry Path, Mt. Wuzhi, Hainan, China, 6.v. 2010, JL Tan ( NWUM); 2 ♀, 5 ♂, Quannan, Jiangxi, 1.xii or 27.xi. 2010, SC Li ( GSFA); 1 ♂, Yushan, Jiangxi, 1120 m, 20.vii. 1985; 1 ♀, Mt. Tianzhu, Qianshan, Anhui, 10.iii – 11.iv. 2011, ML Sheng ( GSFA); 1 ♀, Mt. Gutian, Kaihua, Zhejiang, 1–3.vii. 2005, 200604253, XX Chen ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Nanyuechansi Temple, Yixing, Jiangsu, China, 2.viii. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, West Mt. Tianmu, Lin'an, Zhejiang, 7.vii. 2000, 200103816, XX Chen ( ZJUH); 1 ♂, Suichang, Zhejiang, 18–19.x. 1973, 73057.4, JH He ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, S. CHINA: NE of Guangzhou, Nankun Mt. Tree Res. (23 ˚ 40 'N, 113 ˚ 56 'E) Guangdong, 24.v. 2012, c. 340 m, C v Achterberg ( RMNHAbout RMNH); 1 ♀, Dongxianfeng, Dongyang, Zhejiang, 28.vii. 2010, JL Tan & XX Chen ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Wuyun, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 25.vii. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Xiangshuwan, Kuankuoshui, Suiyang, Guizhou, 5.vi. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Yuhuang, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 24.vii. 2010, JL Tan ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Mt. Tianmu, Lin’an, Zhejiang, 3.vii. 2010, JL. Tan ( ZJUH); 2 ♀, Shunxi, Qingliangfeng, Lin’an, Zhejiang, 23.viii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 4 ♀, Mt. Nankun, Guangdong, 8.vi. 2002, no. 20028901, - 8904, - 8906, - 8787, ZF Xu ( ZJUH); 6 ♀, Mt. Tai, Tai’an, Shandong, 23.vi. 1997, no. 200011329, - 325, - 336, - 320, - 311, - 245, Q. Li ( ZJUH); 1 ♀, Taiyi Palace, Changan, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 25.iv. 2011, GH Wang ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Fengyukou, Xi’an, Shaanxi ( NWUM); 2 ♀, Guanghuojie, Ningshan, Shaanxi, 2.vii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 14 ♀, Foping (33 ˚ 30 'N, 107 ˚ 58 'E), Shaanxi, 31.vii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 1 ♂, Zaoyuan, Yan’an, Shaanxi, 17.x. 2010, JL Tan ( NWUM); 1 ♀, 1 ♂, NWU Taoyuan Campus, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 4.ix. 2010, T Zhou ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Yichuan, Shaanxi, 9.vii. 1980, YZ Zhang ( NWAM); 1 ♂, Liping National Forestry Park, Hanzhong, Shaanxi, 15.x. 2011, JL Tan ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Mt. Hua, Shaanxi, v. 1984, GQ Han ( NWAM); 5 ♀, 1 ♂, Liyuanping, Mt. Qinling, Shaanxi, 18.viii. 2011, JL Tan ( NWUM); 17 ♀, 5 ♂, Jinsixia (33 ˚ 22 'N, 110 ˚ 33 'E), Shangnan, Shaanxi, 708 m, 24.vii. 2013, JL Tan ( NWUM); 2 ♀, Huishui, Guizhou, 25.vi. 2009, 9.vii. 2009, ZD Li ( NWUM); 1 ♀, Qianyang, Guizhou, 18.vi. 2009, PQ Shi ( NWUM); 2 ♀, Mt. Dinghu, Guangdong, 17.vii. 1985, YL Zhang ( NWAM); 2 ♀, Binzhou, Hunan, YL Zhang, YH Chai ( NWAM); 1 ♀, Yuelu Mt. Park (28 ˚ 12 'N 112 ˚ 56 'E), Changsha, Hunan, c. 300 m, 14.vi. 2012, C van Achterberg ( RMNHAbout RMNH). f. gressitti: China: 1 ♀, holotype, Taihanroku, Formosa, 26.iv. 1908, H. Sauter ( RMNHAbout RMNH); f. yayeyamae  (possibly distributed in Ta i w a n) Japan: ♀, paratype, Iriomote Loochoo Island, Southern Ryukyu Is, 22.viii. 1934, L Gressitt ( RMNHAbout RMNH). Distribution. China (Heilongjiang, Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Sichuan, Chongqing, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Hainan, Hebei, Hunan, Taiwan).

Northeast group ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22): China: 1 ♀, Lingxi (west tomb), Shenyang, 27.viii. 2009, S. Li ( GSFA); 1 ♂, Lingxi (west tomb), Shenyang, 15.viii. 2008, S. Li ( GSFA); 2 ♀, Qianshan, Shenyang, Liaoning, 27.viii. 2006, YM Li, YT Zhang; 1 ♀, 2 ♂, Xinbin, Liaoning, 1.vi. 2009, ML Sheng ( GSFA); 1 ♀, Shenyang, Liaoning, 1991; 1 ♀, Kuandian, Liaoning, 7.vi. 2007, SP Sun ( GSFA); 1 ♀, Shenyang, Liaoning, 17.viii. 2010, L Jiang ( NWUM); 2 ♀, 3 ♂, Siping, Jilin, vi. 1999, BZ Ren; 1 ♀, North Tomb, Shenyang, Liaoning, 18.x. 2010, XB Nie; 1 ♀, Shenyang, Liaoning, 8.x. 2010, SP Sun. f. koreanus: Korea: ♀, paratype, Seoul area, 25.iv. 1954, GW Byers. f. iwatai: Japan: ♀, paratype, Sasayama, Honshu, 16.v. 1953, M Miki from Prof. Iwata; 2 ♂, Japan, 1982, 1983. Distribution. China (Shandong (Weihai), Liaoning, Jilin); Japan; Korea. (van der Vecht 1968).

Remarks. P. rothneyi  is easily confused with the closely allied species P. olivaceus  , P. jokahamae  and P. tenuispunctia  . It is a polytypic species with a very interesting variable colour pattern. Van der Vecht (1968) treated them as 16 subspecies and two uncertain? subspecies A and B. Das & Gupta (1989) added one. Even though, these more than 17 colour forms still could not cover all the variation. Among them, seven “subspecies”, i.e. koreanus, tibetanus, gressitti, hainanensis, grahami,? subspecies A and B, are recorded from China. P. yayeyamae  is possibly also distributed in Taiwan. The colour differences between grahami, hainanensis and gressitti, are very small and mainly related to the colour of the pronotum and the first metasomal tergite. The colour forms grahami and hainanensis overlap in Hainan and it is better to unite these colour forms. Even within f. grahami there are two colour patterns (mesoscutum with four stripes or two stripes) and are sympatric in China. The colour pattern of some specimens collected in Yunnan intergrades f. rothneyi  and f. tibetanus having four reddish brown stripes on the mesoscutum but the first tergite mostly black ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19). However, one specimen collected in Yunnan (no. 20046541) has the head reddish yellow and the bands and stripes yellow with reddish brown tinge, what fits f. sikkimensis well. In addition, the two uncertain A and B forms show a more or less continuous variation series. Similar situation occurs between the specimens from northeastern China, f. iwatai (area on basal band and waved line on the second metasomal tergite often somewhat reddish) and f. koreanus (the first metasomal tergite black with a narrow apical band). It is interesting that the colour pattern of f. iwatai is very similar to that of f. grahami so that the latter can be considered transitional. Van der Vecht (1968) mentioned that the colour of the body ranges from paler or dark yellow through various shades of brownish red to black. He roughly divided the specimens into three groups i.e. yellow and black, brownish-red and more or less transitional forms. Our observations showed that the Chinese colour forms of P. rothneyi  can be defined only by colour patterns that intergrade in some degree. This leads us to synonymize all (as far seen from China) as colour forms of P. rothneyi  . Since it is difficult and tedious to describe the colour patterns in words, we prefer to show its variation in a series photographs ( Figs 19–21View FIGURE 19View FIGURE 20View FIGURE 21). Referring to van der Vecht (1968), we divide the examined Chinese specimens into three colour groups i.e. Southwest Plateau group (brownish-red to black, distributed in southeastern China, Yunnan and Tibet), Common yellow-black group (widely distributed in the mainland of China spreading southward to Hainan and Taiwan, including f. grahami, f. hainanensis, f. gressitti and f. yayeyamae  ) and Northeast group (colour pattern between f. iwatai and f. koreanus, generally with reddish brown blotches, the first metasomal tergite black, at most with a narrow apical band; distributed in Northeast China, Shandong (Weihai), Liaoning, Jilin). For convenience we use the available names as colour forms for arranging the specimens into different colour groups. We did not find a colour gap between the Common black yellow group ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21) and the Northeast group ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22).

OUM

Oxford University Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eumenidae

Genus

Polistes

Loc

Polistes (Gyrostoma) rothneyi Cameron , 1900

Tan, Jiang-Li, Achterberg, Kees Van, Duan, Mei-Jiao & Chen, Xue-Xin 2014

2014
Loc

Polistes rufolineatus

Vecht 1968: 102Cameron 1900: 411

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi grahami

Vecht 1968: 104

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi hainanensis

Vecht 1968: 106

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi iwatai

Vecht 1968: 104

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi gressitti

Vecht 1968: 106

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi tibetanus

Vecht 1968: 102

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi koreanus

Vecht 1968: 104

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi sikkimensis

Vecht 1968: 102

1968
Loc

Polistes rothneyi

Cameron 1900: 410

Loc

Polistes rothneyi yayeyamae

Matsumura 1908: 6