Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 )

Santanna, Manoela, Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes, Cizauskas, Igor & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2019, On the spider genus Cryptachaea from Peru, Bolivia and cave environments in Brazil: a new species, additional descriptions and new records (Araneae, Theridiidae), Zootaxa 4646 (2), pp. 271-292: 276-278

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Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 )


Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963) 

Figs. 5, 6View FIGURES 5–8, 11, 12View FIGURES 9–14, 34View FIGURE 34

Achaearanea parana Levi, 1963: 213  , fig. 42, male holotype, from Taguararapa, Alto-Paraná, Paraguay, deposited in American Museum of Natural History, not examined.

Cryptachaea parana: Yoshida, 2008: 39  (transferred to Cryptachaea  ).

Diagnosis. Female epigynum of Cryptachaea parana  resembles that of Cryptachaea taeniata ( Keyserling, 1884)  (see Levi, 1959: 72, figs. 39, 40), by the circular and sclerotized copulatory openings and oval spermathecae ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 5–8), but differ from this species by the fertilization ducts and spermathecae less separated from each other ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 5–8), and by the epigynal plate flat, while that of C. taeniata  is with medium depression.

Description. Male described by Levi (1963: 213). Here we provide for the first time photo of the male in dorsal view ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 9–14).

Female ( IBSP 180233): Total length 4.21. Carapace: length 1.66, width 1.32. Clypeus: height 0.23. Sternum: length 0.71, width 0.71. Chelicerae: length 0.57, width 0.20. Abdomen: length: 2.55, width 2.14, height 2.17. Leg formula IV/II/III (leg I, absent). Segment length (II/III/IV): femora 1.73/1.42/2.31; patellae+tibiae 1.87/1.22/2.04; metatarsi+tarsi 2.27/1.63/2.53 total: 5.88/4.28/6.93. Palp: femora 0.44, patellae 0.17, tibiae 0.17, tarsi 0.54. AME bigger than the other eyes; other eyes are the same size. Eyes with dark borders ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9–14). Carapace oval, brown with dark borders ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9–14). Clypeus pale brown, laterally concave. Chelicerae yellow. Labium yellow, subquadrangular. Endites brown, subquadrangular. Ocular area yellow, slightly darker between median eyes ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9–14). Sternum brown, with dark brown dots. Legs yellow, except distal femur and tibiae apex with dark brown spot. Abdomen dorsally grayish, with two lateral triangular and one posterior dark brown spots ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9–14) and with median and posterior white spots ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9–14); ventrally yellow, with dark brown and white dots. Spinnerets brown. Epigynum with epigynal plate wider than long ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 5–8), with two circular and sclerotized copulatory openings, and two oval spermathecae ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 5–8). Fertilization ducts short and copulatory ducts coiled ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 5–8).

Variation. Females (n=6): Total length 2.83–4.28. Carapace: length 1.06–1.70, width 0.78–2.14. Femur leg I 1.82–2.96.

New records. BRAZIL: Tocantins, Dianópolis, Cave Toca da Onça (11°38’33’’S; 46°42’22’’W), 4M, 4 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134213View Materials)GoogleMaps  , Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134267View Materials)  5F, 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134162View Materials)  , 1M, 6F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134344View Materials)  , 4F ( IBSP 134348View Materials)  , 1F ( IBSP 134349View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna da Coluna ( AR-E3-05) (11°39’5958’’S; 46°43’21’’W)  , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12. III.2008 ( IBSP 134170View Materials)  , 1M, 2F ( IBSP 134414View Materials)  ; Cave Gruta Três Morros—1 (Gruta dos 3 Morros 1 AR-F5-01) (11°39’46’’S; 46°42’56’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134371View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Gruta Três Morros—3 (Gruta dos 3 Morros 3AR-F5-03) (11°39’46’’S; 46°42’57’’W), 2 F, R.Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134248View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134180View Materials)  , 1F ( IBSP 134422View Materials)  ; Cave Gruta dos Mangangá AR-D1-01 (11°38’43’’S; 46°43’29’’W), 1M, 3 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134240View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134190View Materials)  , 1M, 1F ( IBSP 134407View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna dos Mojadores ( AR-D1-02) (11°38’45’’S; 46°43’28’’W)GoogleMaps  , 4F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134226View Materials)  , 1M, 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134260View Materials)  , 1M, 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134360View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna da Areia (11°39’2’’S; 46°43’21’’W), 2M, 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134228View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Gruta do N.A. AR-E3-03 (11°39’4’’S; 46°43’21’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134450View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 2F, 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134280View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna da Vértebra ( AR-E3-01) (11°39’3’’S; 46°43’22’’W)GoogleMaps  , 1M, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134289View Materials)  , 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134377View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna dos Pescadores ( AR-E3-02) (11°39’5’’S; 46°43’20’’W)GoogleMaps  , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134354View Materials)  , 1M, 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134355View Materials)  , 1M, 2F ( IBSP 134357View Materials)  ; Novo Jardim, Cave Caverna da Fenda I (11°41’49’’S; 46°44’8’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134430View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Goiás, São Domingos, Parque Estadual de Terra Ronca, Cave Lapa Terra Ronca I (13°44’1572’’S; 46°21’31’’W), 1M, 2 F, P. Gnaspini et al. coll., 09.IX.1997 ( IBSP 23733View Materials)  ; Cave Lapa do Hilário (13°43’9408’’S; 46°20’28’’W), 1 M, P.Gnaspini et al. coll., 22.IX.1997 ( IBSP 23749View Materials)  ; Mambaí, APA Nascentes do Rio Vermelho, Cave Caverna Fundo de Quintal I (14°29’17’’S; 46°7’9’’W), 1 F, J.A.O.Motta, J.N. Araújo & G.M.V.Rosa, coll., 28.VII.2001 ( IBSP 56028View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Minas Gerais, Santana do Riacho, Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó (19º20’S; 43º31’W), 1 F, E. S. S. Álvares & E. O. Machado coll., 10–14.II.2001 ( MCN 34193View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Catas Altas, Reserva Particular de Patrimônio  Natural Serra do Caraça (20°05’S; 43°29’W), 1M, 3F, Equipe Biota coll., 24.IV–01.V.2002 ( MCN 40549View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1M ( MCN 40550View Materials)  , 2F ( MCN 40551View Materials)  ; Barão de Cocais, Cave Gruta Córrego Vieira , 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 02–24.XI.2007 ( IBSP 127605View Materials)  , 1F ( IBSP 127608View Materials)  ; Iguatama, Cave Gruta Arcaica (20°17’12’’S; 45°47’35’’W), 1 F, E.O. Machado e J.P.P.P. Barbosa coll., 25.I.2008 ( IBSP 118678View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Gruta Trincheira do Vietnã (20°17’10’’S; 45°47’36’’W), 1 F, E.O. Machado e J.P.P.P. Barbosa coll., 25.I.2008 ( IBSP 118701View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Itabirito, Cave Caverna VL-02 (20°17’9’’S; 43°56’46’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., IV.2008 ( IBSP 128834View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1M, 1F, J. Mascarenhas et al. coll., 07–09.XI.2011 ( IBSP 180906)  ; Cave Caverna VL-05 (20°17’10’’S; 43°56’45’’W), 1 M, R. Andrade coll., 18–25.IV.2007 ( IBSP 115749View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna VL-27 (20°20’7’’S; 43°56’7’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 03–20.XI.2007 ( IBSP 128823View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Lagoa  Santa, Parque Estadual do Sumidouro, Cave Gruta da Lapinha (19°33’43’’S; 43°57’32’’W), 1 F, E. S. S. Álvares coll., III.2000 ( IBSP 56111View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Mariana, Cave Furna Dois  (20°13’35’’S; 43°11’29’’W), 1 M, F. Tulio coll., 14.VII.2002 ( IBSP 39777View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; SAMARCO, Mina Alegria, Cave Caverna C-4 (20°11’25’’S; 43°30’34’’W), 1F, 16–17.IV.2009 ( IBSP 149759View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna C-3 (20°11’36’’S; 43°30’41’’W), 1F, 04–05.VIII.2009 ( IBSP 149804View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna C-2 (20°11’24342’’S; 43°30’34’’W), 1F, 16–17.IV.2009 ( IBSP 149762View Materials)  , all colleted by R. Bessi & I. Cizauskas et al.; Fábrica Nova, Cave Caverna FN-001 (20°13’41’’S; 43°25’50’’W), 1M, 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05– 09.V.2008 ( IBSP 146104View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F, 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146143View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna FN-002 (20°13’39’’S; 43°25’53’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 16–21.I.2009 ( IBSP 146118View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F ( IBSP 146123View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna FN-006 (20°13’8’’S; 43°25’51’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146168View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna FN-010 (20°12’29’’S; 43°26’20’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146192View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna FN-012 (20°12’30’’S; 43°26’20’’W), 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 16–21.I.2009 ( IBSP 146220View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Caverna FN-013 (20°12’28’’S; 43°26’19’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146224View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1M ( IBSP 146233View Materials)  ; Cave Caverna FN-015 (20°12’22’’S; 43°26’10’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146256View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Matozinhos, Mocambeiros, Cave MOC-09 (19°33’9’’S; 44°1’14’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180170), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180191)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-12(19°32’57’’S; 44°1’6’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180171)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-20 (19°33’6’’S; 44°1’9’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180180)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-22 (19°32’57’’S; 44°1’6’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180172)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-24 (19°32’53’’S; 44°1’4’’W), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180195)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-26 (19°33’2’’S; 44°0’59’’W), 1M, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180173), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180192)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-28 (19°33’6’’S; 44°1’0’’W), 1M, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180196)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-30 (19°33’2’’S; 44°1’5’’W), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180193)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-38 (19°32’54’’S; 44°0’30’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180182), 1F ( IBSP 180183), 1F ( IBSP 180184), 1F ( IBSP 180185)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-50 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’41’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180188), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180199), 1M ( IBSP 180200)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-57 (19°33’46’’S; 44°1’19’’W), 1F, 08– 18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180174), 1M, 1F ( IBSP 180233)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-64 (19°32’57’’S; 44°0’37’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180201)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-66 (19°32’52’’S; 44°0’37’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180189), 1M ( IBSP 180190), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180202)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-67 (19°33’12’’S; 44°0’56’’W), 1M, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180194)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-68 (19°33’11’’S; 44°0’57’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180175)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-84 (19°32’57’’S; 44°0’48’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180176)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-100 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180203)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-101 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180204)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC- 113/114 (19°33’15’’S; 44°1’13’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180177), 1F ( IBSP 180178)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-101 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1M, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180179)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-N4 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180181), 1F, 01–08.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180197)  ; Cave MOC-N6 (19°32’56’’S; 44°1’5’’W), 1F, 01–08.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180198)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MOC-N9 (19°33’20’’S; 44°0’59’’W), 1M, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180186)GoogleMaps  ; Cave MCL-01 (19°36’47’’S; 44°1’9’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180187), all colleted by F. P. Franco & C. A. R. Souza et alGoogleMaps  .; Moeda, Cave Caverna VL-12 (20°17’47868’’S; 43°56’48’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 18–25.IV.2007 ( IBSP 115738View Materials)  ; Nova Lima, Cave Caverna SM-016 (20°8’44862’’S; 43°57’59’’W), 1M, F, Bessi et al. coll., 06–07.VIII.2009 ( IBSP 149784View Materials)  ; Pains, Cave Gruta do Isaías (20°22’5’’S; 45°39’28’’W), 1 M, P. Gnaspini coll., 06.IX.2001 ( IBSP 71843View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Cave Gruta do Marco 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71888View Materials)  ; Cave Gruta do Topo 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71900View Materials)  ; Cave Gruta Interrompida 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71906View Materials)  ; Sete Lagoas, Cave Caverna BRN_001 (19°29’30’’S; 44°16’19’’W), 1M, Equipe Carste coll., 25–28.III.2013 ( IBSP 182761View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Mato Grosso do Sul, Dois Irmãos do Buriti, Piraputanga (20°27’S; 55°30’W), 1 M, A.D. Brescovit et al. coll., 31.VI–06.VII.1999 ( MCN 42653View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F( MCN 42654View Materials)  ; Bodoquena, Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena, Cave Gruta Córrego Azul III ( Gruta 3) (20°45’43’’S; 56°45’5’’W), 1M, Livia M. Cordeiro coll., 23.IV.2007 ( IBSP 126651View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 1F, 27.X.2006 ( IBSP 126654View Materials)  ; Assentamento Campina, Cave Gruta Senhor Natal (20°44’13’’S; 56°47’23’’W), 1F, no data, 20.IV.2007 ( IBSP 126656View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Bonito, Cave Gruta Tamanduá , 1 F, E. Costa Jr et al. coll., 21.X.2002 ( IBSP 56101View Materials)  ; Fazenda Pitangueiras, Cave Gruta Pitangueiras (20°52’13’’S; 56°35’9’’W), 1 F, R. Bessi & Jr. Costa coll., 02.III.2003 ( IBSP 66560View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; São Paulo, Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo , (22°31’S; 52°18’W),1M, Equipe Biota coll., 28.III.2003 ( MCN 39037View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Mauá, Cave Gruta  de Santa Luzia (23°40’17’’S; 46°23’49’’W), 1 M, A. Macedo coll., 2004 ( IBSP 62691View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Paraná, Foz do Iguaçu, Parque Nacional do Iguaçu (25°36’S; 54°25’W),1M, 1F, Equipe Biota coll., 03–12.II.2002 ( MCN 40241View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Distribution. Paraguay (Alto Paraná) and Brazil (Tocantins, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and Paraná) ( Fig. 34View FIGURE 34).


Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo


McNeese State University














Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 )

Santanna, Manoela, Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes, Cizauskas, Igor & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos 2019

Achaearanea parana

Levi, H. W. 1963: 276

Cryptachaea parana: Yoshida, 2008: 39

Yoshida, H. 2008: 276