Mlíkovský, Jiří, 2015, The type specimens, type localities and nomenclature of Sarcoramphus vultures (Aves: Cathartidae), with a note on their speciation, Zootaxa 3918 (4), pp. 579-586: 582

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Putative Sarcoramphus   species

During much of the 19 th century, the generic name Sarcoramphus   was used for vultures now included in the genus Vultur Linnaeus (1758: 86)   (see Sharpe 1874: 20–21 and Hellmayr & Conover 1949: 1–2 for citations). In that time, two species were described in the genus Sarcoramphus   . First, Sarcoramphus condor   was created by Lesson (1830: 25) as a new replacement name for Vultur gryphus Linnaeus, 1758   . Then, Sarcoramphus aequatorialis   was described by Sharpe (1874: 21) on the basis of reports by Eydoux & Souleyet (1841) and Orton (1871) and on a zoo specimen. This nominal species is synonymous with Vultur gryphus Linnaeus ( Hellmayr & Conover 1949: 2)   . Five fossil species were also described in the genus Sarcoramphus   , as follows. Sarcoramphus fossilis Moreno & Mercerat (1891: 27)   from the Holocene of Argentina was found to be a stork of indeterminate species, family Ciconiidae ( Tonni & Noriega 1998)   . Sarcoramphus patruus Lönnberg (1903: 1)   from the Pleistocene (see Tonni et al. 2009 and MacFadden et al. 2013 for the age of these deposits) of Bolivia belongs in the genus Vultur ( Brodkorb 1964: 253)   . Sarcoramphus clarki Miller (1910: 11)   was transferred by Miller & Howard (1938: 171) to the new genus Breagyps   , a genus not closely related to Sarcoramphus   within the Cathartidae   ( Fisher 1944, Howard 1974, Emslie 1988). Vultur kernensis Miller (1931: 70)   from the late Pliocene (Blancan) of California was transferred to the genus Sarcoramphus   by Brodkorb (1964: 253), but was subsequently found to be a vulture of indeterminate species, family Cathartidae   , by Emslie (1988: 222). Sarcoramphus   ? fisheri Campbell (1979: 71) from the late Pleistocene of Peru was only tentatively included in the genus Sarcoramphus   and its taxonomic identity remains doubtful ( Emslie 1988: 222). In summary, no genuine fossil representatives of vultures of the genus Sarcoramphus   are known.