Anapis churu

Dupérré, Nadine & Tapia, Elicio, 2018, Further discoveries on the minuscule spiders from the Chocó region of Ecuador with the description of seven new species of Anapis (Araneae: Anapidae), Zootaxa 4459 (3), pp. 482-506: 488-490

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.1458814

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DB533B6F-A661-46C6-9118-AAF22D7C7B96

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D98E5A-1932-FF89-E3F2-FA027DA20EA2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anapis churu
status

new sPecies

Anapis churu  new sPecies

FiGS 14–19 View Figure , 50 View Figure , 62a View Figure .

Material examined. MalE HolotypE aNd MalE paratypE froM Ecuador, Cotopaxi ProviNcE, OTONGA BioloGical RESErvE (-00.41994 -79.00623) 1,997M, 24.v–08.vi.2014, SiftiNG littEr, E. Tapia, C. Tapia, N. Dupérré ( QCAZAbout QCAZ). ParatypES: Cotopaxi ProviNcE, OTONGA BioloGical RESErvE (-00.41994 -79.00623) 1,997M, 04–07. ix.2014, 2 ♂ 1♀, SiftiNG littEr, E. Tapia, C. Tapia, N. Dupérré ( ZMHAbout ZMH).

Additional material examined. ECUADOR: Cotopaxi: OTONGA BioloGical RESErvE (-00.41994 - 79.00623) 1,997m, 16.viii–05. ix.2014, 1 ♂, 04–07. ix.2014, 1 ♀, pitfall, E. Tapia, C. Tapia, N. Dupérré ( ZMHAbout ZMH)  ; (- 0 0.42180 -79.01325) 2,225M, 25.xi–08. xii.2014, 1 ♂, pitfall, E. Tapia, C. Tapia, N. Dupérré (DTC).

Etymology: THE SpEcific NaME iS a NouN iN appoSitioN takEN froM tHE KicHwa laNGuaGE MEaNiNG “Spiral”.

Diagnosis. MalES aNd fEMalES arE diStiNGuiSHEd froM all SpEciES, by tHE ALE SEparatEd by tHrEE tiME tHEir diaMEtEr aNd abSENcE of MEtatarSal aNd tarSal cuSpS ( FiGS 16, 17 View Figure ). FurtHErMorE, MalES arE diaGNoSEd by larGE aNvil–SHapEd rEtrolatEral patEllar apopHySiS ( FiG. 15 View Figure ) aNd fEMalE by tHEir copulatory ductS MakiNG oNE loop ( FiG. 19 View Figure ).

Description. Male (paratype): Total lENGtH: 0.93; carapacE lENGtH: 0.38; carapacE widtH: 0.36; abdoMEN lENGtH: 0.55; abdoMEN widtH: 0.47; clypEuS HEiGHt: 0.13. CEpHalotHorax: CarapacE rEddiSH-oraNGE; parS cEpHalica puNtatEd; cEpHalic GroovE dEEp, StroNGly puNctatEd; parS tHoracica dorSally aNd latErally puNctatEd ( FiG. 50 View Figure ). StErNuM oraNGE, SuffuSEd witH dark Gray, puNctatEd, loNGEr tHaN widE, covErEd witH SEtaE. ClypEuS oraNGE, puNctatEd. Labral Spur prESENt. CHElicEraE oraNGE, ExcavatEd MEdially; witH oNE baSal tootH aNd dENticulatE platE apically. EyES: 6 EyES, rouNdEd; AME abSENt, ALE SEparatEd by 3x tHEir diaMEtEr, ALE-PLE coNtiGuouS, LE-PME SEparatEd by 1x tHEir diaMEtEr, PME coNtiGuouS. AbdoMEN: rouNdEd, witH dorSal oraNGE ScutuM; Soft portioN wHitiSH witH a fEw SEtoSE SclEritES ( FiG. 50 View Figure ); coMplEtE SpiNNErEt ScutuM. LEGS: REddiSH-oraNGE, MEtatarSuS I–II Not SwollEN witHout cuSpS, tarSuS I–II witHout cuSpS ( FiGS 16, 17 View Figure ). GENitalia: Palpal patElla witH larGE aNvil-SHapEd, vENtrally curvEd rEtrolatEral apopHySiS; palpal tibial tricHobotHriuM Not obSErvEd; StroNGly rEcurvEd tibial apopHySiS ( FiG. 15 View Figure ). CyMbiuM cup-SHapEd witHout ExtENSioN ( FiGS 14, 15 View Figure ). EMboluS loNG ExitiNG tHE coNductor; coNductor SEMi-traNSparENt, StoNGly ridGEd ( FiGS 15, 15a View Figure ).

Female (paratypE, abdoMEN daMaGEd): CarapacE lENGtH: 0.44; carapacE widtH: 0.36; clypEuS HEiGHt: 0.08. SaME coloratioN aNd pattErN of puNctatioN aS MalE. CHElicEraE aNd StErNuM aS MalE. Labral Spur prESENt. EyES: 6 EyES, rouNdEd; AME abSENt, ALE SEparatEd by 3x tHEir diaMEtEr, ALE-PLE coNtiGuouS, LE-PME SEparatEd by tHEir diaMEtEr, PME coNtiGuouS. AbdoMEN: WHitiSH, rouNdEd witHout dorSal ScutuM (daMaGEd). GENitalia: VENtral ScutuM oraNGE, viSiblE tHrouGH tHE ScutuM: a pair of larGE rouNdEd SpErMatHEcaE, larGE copulatory ductS ( FiG. 18 View Figure ). INtErNal GENitalia witH larGE rouNdEd SpErMatHEcaE; copulatory ductS widE NarrowiNG, MakiNG oNE loop; fErtilizatioN ductS rEcurvEd, dirEctEd baSally ( FiG. 19 View Figure ).

Distribution. Ecuador: KNowN oNly froM tHE typE locality.

Natural History. All SpEciMENS wErE fouNd iN tHE cloud forESt SiftiNG littEr or by pitfall trap bEtwEEN 1,997– 2,225M.

QCAZ

Museo de Zoologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador

ZMH

Zoologisches Museum Hamburg

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anapidae

Genus

Anapis