Anapis shina

Dupérré, Nadine & Tapia, Elicio, 2018, Further discoveries on the minuscule spiders from the Chocó region of Ecuador with the description of seven new species of Anapis (Araneae: Anapidae), Zootaxa 4459 (3), pp. 482-506: 496-499

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.1458814

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Anapis shina

new species

Anapis shina  new species

Figs 38–43View FIGURES 38–43, 56, 57View FIGURES 54–61, 62aView FIGURES 62–62.

Material examined. Male holotype and two female paratypes from Ecuador, Cotopaxi Province, OTONGA Biological Reserve (-00.41994 -79.00623) 1,997m, 13–15.xi.2014, sifting mosses, N. Dupérré, E. Tapia, C. Tapia ( QCAZAbout QCAZ)  . Paratypes: Ecuador, Cotopaxi Province, OTONGA Biological Reserve (-00.41994 -79.00623) 1,997m, 4–7.ix.2014, 2♂ 1♀, 13–25.xi.2014, 2♂, sifting mosses, N. Dupérré, E. Tapia, C. Tapia ( ZMHAbout ZMH)  .

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the Kichwa language meaning “similar”.

Diagnosis. Males closely resemble A. mariebertheae  n. sp. but can be distinguished from the latter by their higher clypeus, deeper cephalic groove ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 54–61); from all other species the male is distinguished by a dark elongated conductor and cymbial apical extension ( Fig. 38View FIGURES 38–43), females most resembles A. monteverde Platnick & Shadab 1978  but can be distinguished by their non-pointed abodomen ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 54–61), pointed in the latter ( Platnick & Shadab 1978); from all other species by their short copulatory ducts and long, sinuous fertilization ducts ( Figs 42, 43View FIGURES 38–43); long copulatory ducts and short fertilization ducts in A. anabelleae  n. sp. ( Fig 6View FIGURES 1–6).

Description. Male (holotype): Total length: 1.14; carapace length: 0.42; carapace width: 0.42; abdomen length: 0.72; abdomen width: 0.75; clypeus height: 0.1.Cephalothorax: Carapace orange; pars cephalica puntated, Y-shaped punctation reaching LE; cephalic groove deep, punctated; pars thoracica dorsally rugose, laterally punctated ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 54–61). Sternum orange, suffused with dark gray, punctated, longer than wide, covered with setae. Labral spur present. Clypeus orange, punctated. Chelicerae orange, excavated medially with characteristic denticulate plate apically. Eyes: 6 eyes, rounded; AME absent, ALE separated by their diameter, ALE-PLE contiguous, LE-PME separated by their radius, PME contiguous. Abdomen: rounded, with dorsal orange scutum; soft portion whitish covered with small setose sclerites, laterally with rows of small setose sclerites slightly suffused with dark gray apically ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 54–61), complete spinneret scutum. Legs: Orange; metatarsus I and tarsus I without cusps ( Fig. 40View FIGURES 38–43); metatarsus II slightly enlarged with one ventral; tarsus II with four cusps ( Fig. 41View FIGURES 38–43). Genitalia: Palpal patella with small, ventrally curved retrolateral apophysis; palpal tibia with one retrolateral trichobothrium; large scoop-shaped retrolateral apophysis ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 38–43). Cymbium cup-shaped, with extension ( Figs 38, 39View FIGURES 38–43). Embolus not reaching tip of conductor; conductor dark, strongly ridged, long, rounded apically ( Figs 39, 39aView FIGURES 38–43).

Female (paratype): Total length: 1.22; carapace length: 0.45; carapace width: 0.41; abdomen length: 0.77; abdomen width: 0.63. Cephalothorax: Same coloration and pattern of punctation as male ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 54–61). Chelicerae and sternum as male. Labral spur present. Eyes: 6 eyes, AME absent, ALE separated by their diameter, ALE-PLE contiguous, LE-PME separated by half their diameter, PME contiguous. Abdomen: Light gray, rounded without dorsal scutum; dorsal soft portion with small, rounded setose sclerites; eight large non setose sclerites; dorsolaterally with six-seven large non setose sclerites; laterally with numerous small, rounded setose sclerites, slightly suffused with gray apically ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 54–61); spinneret scutum complete. Legs: Orange; without cusps. Genitalia: Ventral scutum bright orange, visible through the scutum: a pair of large rounded spermathecae, straight copulatory ducts ( Fig. 42View FIGURES 38–43). Internal genitalia with large rounded spermathecae; copulatory ducts short; fertilization ducts sinuous, directed medially ( Fig. 43View FIGURES 38–43).

Distribution. Ecuador: Known only from the type locality.

Natural History. All specimens were taken at an elevation of 1,997m in mosses.


Museo de Zoologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador


Zoologisches Museum Hamburg