Anapis naranja

Dupérré, Nadine & Tapia, Elicio, 2018, Further discoveries on the minuscule spiders from the Chocó region of Ecuador with the description of seven new species of Anapis (Araneae: Anapidae), Zootaxa 4459 (3), pp. 482-506: 491-492

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.1458814

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DB533B6F-A661-46C6-9118-AAF22D7C7B96

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D98E5A-193D-FF8B-E3F2-F8B379CD0834

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anapis naranja
status

new species

Anapis naranja  new species

Figs 24–29View FIGURES 24–29, 52, 53View FIGURES 46–53, 62aView FIGURES 62–62.

Material examined. Male holotype from Ecuador, Cotopaxi Province, OTONGA Biological Reserve (-00.41994 - 

79.00623) 1,997m, 13–15.xi.2014, sifting mosses, N. Dupérré, E. Tapia, C. Tapia (QCAZ). Paratypes: Cotopaxi Province, OTONGA Biological Reserve (-00.41433 -79.00035) 1,888m, 8–21. vi.2014, 1 ♀, Dupérré, E. Tapia, C. Tapia ( QCAZAbout QCAZ)  ; 3–16. viii.2014, 1 ♂, 13–25. xi.2014, 1 ♂, pitfall, N. Dupérré, E. Tapia, C. Tapia (DTC, QCAZ); (- 0 0.41564 -79.00452); 2105m, 16.viii –5. ix.2014, 1 ♂, pitfall, E. Tapia, C. Tapia (ZMH).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the Spanish language meaning orange, for the coloration of this species.

Diagnosis. Males and females are distinguished by their ventrally incomplete spinneret scutum and their rather smooth pars cephalica ( Figs 52, 53View FIGURES 46–53). Furthermore males are distinguished from all species by their whitish globular palpal patella and tibia ( Fig. 25View FIGURES 24–29); females by their curved copulatory ducts ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 24–29).

Description. Male (holotype): Total length: 1.35; carapace length: 0.59; carapace width: 0.5; abdomen length: 0.76; abdomen width: 0.6; clypeus height: 0.17. Cephalothorax: Carapace orange; pars cephalica smooth; cephalic groove inconspicuous; pars thoracica dorsally rugose, margin slightly punctated ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 46–53). Sternum orange, suffused with dark gray, punctated, longer than wide, covered with setae. Clypeus orange, punctated. Labral spur present. Chelicerae orange, excavated medially with one basal tooth and denticulate plate apically. Eyes: 6 eyes, rounded; AME absent, ALE separated by their radius, ALE-PLE contiguous, LE-PME touching, PME contiguous. Abdomen: rounded, with dorsal orange scutum; dorsal soft portion without sclerites, laterally suffused with three stripes of gray apically ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 46–53); incomplete spinneret scutum. Legs: Orange; metatarsus I with one prolateral and one ventral cusp; tarsus I with four cusps ( Fig. 26View FIGURES 24–29); metatarsus II enlarged with one prolateral and one ventral cusps; tarsus II with five cusps ( Fig. 27View FIGURES 24–29). Genitalia: Palpal patella with small, ventrally curved retrolateral apophysis; palpal tibia globular, with one retrolateral trichobothrium; small recurved retrolateral apophysis ( Fig. 25View FIGURES 24–29). Cymbium cup-shaped, with long cap-like extension ( Figs 24, 25View FIGURES 24–29). Embolus short not reaching tip of conductor; conductor transparent, ridged, long, sharply pointed ( Figs 24, 25, 25aView FIGURES 24–29).

Female (paratype, abdomen damaged): Carapace length: 0.65; carapace width: 0.49; clypeus height: 0.12. Cephalothorax: Same coloration and pattern of punctation as male ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 46–53). Clypeus orange, punctated. Chelicerae and sternum as male. Eyes: 6 eyes, rounded; AME absent, ALE separated by their radius, ALE-PLE contiguous, LE-PME separated by their radius, PME contiguous. Abdomen: Whitish, rounded without dorsal scutum, with very few, sclerites ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 46–53); incomplete spinneret scutum. Genitalia: Ventral scutum bright orange, visible through the scutum: pair of large rounded spermathecae, curved copulatory ducts ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 24–29). Internal genitalia with large rounded spermathecae; copulatory ducts curved inward; fertilization ducts short, recurved, directed internally ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 24–29).

Distribution. Ecuador: Known only from the type locality.

Natural History. Specimens were collected between 1,888–1,997m in the cloud forest.

QCAZ

Museo de Zoologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anapidae

Genus

Anapis