Zuniga magna Peckham & Peckham, 1892

Galvis, William, 2016, New records and updated distribution of the ant-like jumping spider genus Zuniga Peckham & Peckham, 1892 (Salticidae: Salticinae: Sarindini) in the Neotropics, Peckhamia 139 (1), pp. 1-11 : 4-7

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3742275

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F1D10CA-7342-4654-84A3-6D60A1BB6BC0

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3809986

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D9A034-FFA4-FFB1-52B3-798D59CDFBAC

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Zuniga magna Peckham & Peckham, 1892
status

 

Zuniga magna Peckham & Peckham, 1892

Figs. 10-16 View Figures 10-12 View Figure 13 View Figures 14-16

Zuniga magna Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 43 , pl. 4, fig 1a-c (male holotype from Amazonas, Pebas [probably Peru, Loreto, Pebas in the Amazonian region, not described in that paper, and described by Galiano, 1964a: 75] and female allotype from Brazil, Santarem, both deposited in MCZ 21960 View Materials , not examined). Simon, 1901 a: 519-521, figs. 620-622. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 718. Mello-Leitão, 1933: 69-70. Galiano, 1964a: 75-78, pl. 1, figs 8-15, pl. 2, figs 17, 20-21, pl. 3, figs. 22-23 (redescribed the species). Galiano, 1965: 310. Galiano, 1981: 15. Bodner, 2002: 73. Alvarez- Padilla Laboratory, 2014. World Spider Catalog, 2015.

Sarinda formosa Banks, 1929: 73 , pl. 1, fig 6 (male holotype from Panamá, Barro Colorado Island, deposited in MCZ 25730 View Materials , not examined). Chickering, 1946: 447-449, fig 413-415 (transferred to the genus Zuniga ). Jackowska & Prószyński, 1975: 42, fig 4b (gives a diagrammatic illustration of the female copulatory organ). Synonymized by Galiano (1964a: 75).

Zuniga melzeri Mello-Leitão, 1933: 69 , 71-72, pl. 3, fig 10 (female holotype from Brazil, São Paulo, Morro [Mato] do Governo , deposited in MNRJ 14066 View Materials , not examined). Synonymized by Galiano (1964a: 75).

Simprulloides xanthurus Mello-Leitão, 1933: 85 , pl. 2, fig 14 (juvenile holotype from Brazil, Paraná, Rio Negro , deposited in MNRJ 14080 View Materials , not examined). Synonymized by Galiano (1981: 15).

Arindas ornatus Mello-Leitão, 1933: 88-89 , pl. 3, fig 15 (male holotype from Brazil, Paraná, Rio Negro , deposited in MNRJ 14061 View Materials , not examined). Synonymized by Galiano (1964a: 75).

Sarinda elongata Mello-Leitão, 1940: 189 , fig 30 (male holotype from British Guiana, Moraballi Creek, Essequibo River, deposited in BMNH 2936, not examined). Synonymized by Galiano (1965: 310).

Material examined. Argentina, Misiones, Oberá, [27.488324°S, 55.12204°W], [323 m], Nov 1986, 1♀, Galiano, Gonzales Miranda (MACN). GoogleMaps Brazil, Amazonas, São Gabriel da Cachoeira , [0.240277°N, 68.032222°W], [86 m], 28 Sep 1990, 1♀, A.A. Lise (MCTP 1170). GoogleMaps Bahía, Camacau, Fazenda Matiapa , [15.415788°S, 39.49449°W], [194 m], 16 Oct 1978, 1♂, J. S. Santos ( FZB 11257 View Materials ); GoogleMaps Mucurí, Fazenda Escalvoda , [18.077326°S, 39.561188°W], [2 m], 14 Sep 1979, 1♂, A.C. Niella ( FZB 11203 View Materials ); GoogleMaps Mucurí, Fazenda Paissandú , [18.077326°S, 39.561188°W], [2 m], 15 Apr 1979, 1♂, A.C. Niella ( FZB 11385 View Materials ); GoogleMaps UruÇuca, Fazenda Almada , [14.596458°S, 39.286179°W], [95 m], 26 Nov 1977, 1♂, 1♀, J. S. Santos ( FZB 10279 View Materials , 11330). GoogleMaps Espirito Santo, Linhares, Suoretama , [19.378523°S, 40.00989°W], [20 m], Oct 1962, 1♂, A. Martínez ( MACN). GoogleMaps Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Buenaventura, Bajo Calima , [3.998055°N, 76.969444°W], 25 m, 18 Jun 1982, 1♂, no collector (ICN-Ar 7068) GoogleMaps .

Diagnosis. Somatically the species can be differentiated from Z. laeta by the dorsal eye field occupying 34- 38% of the total length of the prosoma ( Figs. 10 View Figures 10-12 , 14 View Figures 14-16 ), with distinct radiating prosomal grooves and a brown prosoma and abdomen (in alcohol and in life), with an “inverted-V” white mark above the abdominal constriction ( Figs. 10 View Figures 10-12 , 13-14 View Figure 13 View Figures 14-16 ). Males can distinguished by the short and distally dilated femur of the palp, with embolus directed forward ( Figs. 15-16 View Figures 14-16 ). Females can be distinguished from those of Z. laeta by their epigyne, with larger rounded pits ( Fig. 12 View Figures 10-12 ), and the chitinous septum reaching the height of the spermathecae on the anterior side, and copulatory ducts longer and convoluted. For more diagnostic characters see Galiano (1964a: 70). The specimen shown here has a slender sternum ( Fig. 11 View Figures 10-12 ).

Distribution. Mexico (San Luis Potosí), Costa Rica (Heredia), Panama (Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island), British Guiana (Cuyuni-Mazaruni region), Colombia (Valle del Cauca), Brazil (Amazonas, Bahía, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Paraná), Peru (Loreto), and Argentina (Misiones) ( Fig. 19 View Figure 19 ). This includes new northernmost and southernmost records for the species, and new genus records for Argentina (Misiones Province, after Rubio, 2014) and Colombia. In Brazil, this includes new records from the Amazonas, Bahía and Espirito Santo states. The known altitudinal range is 0- 800 m. Mexican records of the species are based on the high-definition diagnostic images of the Alvarez-Padilla Laboratory (2014).

This species has been collected in a conserved low-land Chocoan wet forest in Colombia ( Fig. 18 View Figures 17-18 ), beating vegetation in a second-growth clearing forest in Costa Rica ( Bodner, 2002), and a 25-35 year old remnant tropical forest in México ( Alvarez-Padilla Laboratory, 2014). There are some unconfirmed records of the species from Peru, Junín ( MCZ 25866 View Materials ) and Costa Rica, Guanacaste ( MCZ 25666 View Materials ) identified by M.E. Galiano and G. Bodner in the MCZ on-line catalogue, respectively ( Fig. 19 View Figure 19 ).

FZB

FZB

MACN

Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Argentina de Ciencias Naturales

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Zuniga

Loc

Zuniga magna Peckham & Peckham, 1892

Galvis, William 2016
2016
Loc

Sarinda elongata Mello-Leitão, 1940: 189

Galiano, M. E. 1965: 310
Mello-Leitao, C. F. 1940: 189
1940
Loc

Zuniga melzeri Mello-Leitão, 1933: 69

Galiano, M. E. 1964: 75
Mello-Leitao, C. F. 1933: 69
1933
Loc

Simprulloides xanthurus Mello-Leitão, 1933: 85

Galiano, M. E. 1981: 15
Mello-Leitao, C. F. 1933: 85
1933
Loc

Arindas ornatus Mello-Leitão, 1933: 88-89

Galiano, M. E. 1964: 75
Mello-Leitao, C. F. 1933: 89
1933
Loc

Sarinda formosa

Jackowska, B. & J. Proszynski 1975: 42
Galiano, M. E. 1964: 75
Chickering, A. M. 1946: 447
Banks, N. 1929: 73
1929
Loc

Zuniga magna

Bodner, G. S. 2002: 73
Galiano, M. E. 1981: 15
Galiano, M. E. 1965: 310
Galiano, M. E. 1964: 75
Galiano, M. E. 1964: 75
Mello-Leitao, C. F. 1933: 69
Petrunkevitch, A. 1911: 718
Peckham, G. W. & E. G. Peckham 1892: 43
1892