Thymoites taiobeiras , Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2015

Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2015, On the spider genus Thymoites in the Neotropical Region (Araneae, Theridiidae): nine new species, complementary descriptions and new records, Zootaxa 3972 (2), pp. 181-207: 187

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3972.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3C4DDBD9-6CE7-449F-B8FE-82A72A2B8A01

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DA87BD-FFEE-FF82-FF58-FC9C3D511AA2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Thymoites taiobeiras
status

new species

Thymoites taiobeiras  new species

Figs. 15 –20 View Figure , 88 View Figure

Material examined. Holotype. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais, Taiobeiras  , 15 ° 53 ’S; 42 °04’W, 08– 17.IV. 2002, Equipe Biota leg., 1 M ( IBSPAbout IBSP 166153). Paratype. BRAZIL: same data as the holotype, 1 F ( IBSPAbout IBSP 166154). Paratype. BRAZIL: São Paulo, Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo, 22 ° 31 ’S, 52 ° 18 ’W, 24–31.III. 2003, Equipe Biota leg., 1 M, 1 F ( IBSPAbout IBSP 166155). Paratype. BRAZIL: São Paulo, Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual da Morro do Diabo, 22 ° 31 ’S, 52 ° 18 ’W, 24–31.III. 2003, Equipe Biota leg., 1 F (MCN 52002).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

Diagnosis. The male of Thymoites taiobeiras  n. sp. differs from other species by the femur and tibia I enlarged and tibia I–II with ventral and dorsal macrosetae ( Fig. 18 View Figure ), resembles that of T. villarricaensis Levi, 1964  (see Levi, 1964: figs. 39, 42) in the form of the carapace, high and unmodified in ocular area ( Figs. 16, 17 View Figure ), but differs in the presence in ocular area of two setae, trajectory of the sperm duct in the tegulum ( Fig. 16 View Figure ), conductor pointed and the shape of tibia of palp ( Fig. 15 View Figure ). The female of Thymoites taiobeiras  n. sp. is close to T. villarricaensis Levi  (see Levi, 1964: figs. 40, 41) by the long and not coiled copulatory duct ( Figs. 19, 20 View Figure ), but differs by the larger spermathecae and “S” shaped copulatory duct ( Fig. 20 View Figure ).

Description. Male holotype (from Taiobeiras  , IBSPAbout IBSP 166153): Total length 1.59. Carapace length 0.71, width 0.65. Clypeus height 0.21. Sternum length 0.39, width 0.46. Abdomen length 0.98, width 0.84, height 0.86. Leg formula I/II/IV/III; segment length (I/II/III/IV): femora 0.81 / 0.65 / 0.48 / 0.71; patellae + tibiae 0.73 / 0.65 / 0.46 / 0.69; metatarsi + tarsi 0.81 / 0.77 / 0.60 / 0.75; total 2.35 / 2.07 / 1.54 / 2.15. Carapace ( Fig. 16 View Figure ) red-brown, brown in median portion, projecting in eye region with two macrosetae near AME.The AME bigger than the other eyes. Chelicerae ( Fig. 17 View Figure ) and endites yellow brown. Sternum yellow brown and darkened borders. Legs yellow, except tibiae brown. Femur and tibia I swollen. Tibia I and II with ventral and dorsal macrosetae. Abdomen ( Fig. 16 View Figure ) oval, dorsum pale yellow with longitudinal dark brown spot; venter pale yellow except around of the spinnerets dark brown. Spinnerets pale yellow. Palp with conductor pointed and tibia larger ( Fig. 15 View Figure ).

Female paratype (same locality as male, IBSPAbout IBSP 166154): Total length 1.74. Carapace length 0.73, width 0.67. Clypeus height 0.14. Sternum length 0.42, width 0.46. Abdomen length 1.07, width 0.94, height 0.96. Leg formula I/IV/II/III; segment length (I/II/III/IV): femora 0.73 / 0.63 / 0.50 / 0.65; patellae + tibiae 0.73 / 0.60 / 0.50 / 0.73; metatarsi + tarsi 0.77 / 0.69 / 0.60 / 0.73; total 2.23 / 1.92 / 1.60 / 2.11. Carapace red-brown, brown in median portion, projecting in eye region with two setae near AME, smaller than the males. Eyes as in male. Chelicerae and endites yellow brown. Sternum yellow brown and darkened borders. Legs yellow-brown, except tibiae brown. Abdomen oval, dorsum pale yellow with longitudinal dark brown spot; venter pale yellow except around of the spinnerets dark brown. Spinnerets pale yellow. Epigynum with larger spermathecae and sinuous copulatory ducts ( Figs. 19, 20 View Figure ).

Distribution. Brazil (Minas Gerais and São Paulo).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theridiidae

Genus

Thymoites