Feltia carolia (Schaus, 1912)

Dias, Fernando M. S., Specht, Alexandre, Blas, German San, Casagrande, Mirna M. & Mielke, Olaf H. H., 2017, Resurgence of a forgotten Southern Brazil endemic species: taxonomic position, redescription, and spatio-temporal distribution of Porosagrotis carolia Schaus, 1929 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Noc, Zootaxa 4363 (3), pp. 421-433: 423-432

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4363.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9C8E62E5-60D9-45FA-818A-CF78304FC52C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E087EF-CA71-6A1F-FF44-1CDAFDCDFDC7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Feltia carolia (Schaus, 1912)
status

comb. nov.

Feltia carolia (Schaus, 1912)  comb. nov.

( FIgS 1–35View FIGURES 1–6View FIGURES7–12View FIGURES 13–17View FIGURES 18–23View FIGURES 24–25View FIGURES26–27View FIGURES28–31View FIGURES 32–33View FIGURE 34View FIGURE 35)

Porosagrotis carolia Schaus, 1929  , p. 47, pl. 2, Fig. 16View FIGURES 13–17. Type locality: Santa Catarina, Brazil; supposedly deposited at the USNM (see comments below).— Piovesan et al., 2014. p. 29.— Orlandin et al., 2016 p. 99. Porosagrotis  of authors [sic] carolia  ; Poole, 1989, pt. 2, p. 832, pt. 3, p. 1138.

Agrotis carolia  ; Specht & Corseuil, 2002, p. 288.

Diagnosis. Feltia carolia  comb. nov. ( FIgS 1–6View FIGURES 1–6) caN bE dISTINguIShEd fRom aLL oThER NEoTRopIcaL Feltia  , by ThE foLLoWINg combINaTIoN of chaRacTERS: maLE WITh bRoadLy bIpEcTINaTE aNTENNa, Each RamI up To fouR TImES aS WIdE aS ThE cENTRaL ShafT ( FIgS 10–11View FIGURES7–12); paTagIum aNTERIoRLy WITh daRk bRoWN aNd poSTERIoRLy WITh LIghTER bRoWN ScaLES; TEguLa moSTLy cREamy WhITE, SuRRouNdEd by LIghT bRoWN aNd bRoWN ScaLES aNd boRdEREd mEdIaLLy by a daRk bRoWN LINE; mESoThoRax WITh a cREamy WhITE mEdIaN SpoT ( FIg. 14View FIGURES 13–17); foREWINg uppER SIdE WITh cREamy WhITE ScaLES oN RadIaL, R1, R2, R3 aNd CubITaL vEINS up To abouT ThE ENd of ThE dIScaL cELL, SImILaR buT LESS maRkEd LIghT bRoWN ScaLES oN ThE baSaL haLf of 1A+2A; dIScaL cELL moSTLy daRk bRoWN, WITh aNTEmEdIaL LINE aNd oRbIcuLaR SpoT gRayISh bRoWN, coNNEcTEd aLoNg ThE RadIaL vEIN aNd boRdEREd by a ThIN LIghT bRoWN LINE; oRbIcuLaR SpoT NoT REachINg ThE CubITaL vEIN; RENIfom SpoT bRoWN aNd boRdEREd by a ThIN LIghT bRoWN LINE, ExTENdINg fRom ThE RadIaL To ThE CubITaL vEIN aNd coNNEcTEd To ThE oRbIcuLaR SpoT IN SomE SpEcImENS ( FIg. 15View FIGURES 13–17). MaLE gENITaLIa WITh coRoNa RESTRIcTEd To doRSaL ThIRd of ThE apEx of vaLvE; vaLvE WIdENINg apIcaLLy; coRNuTuS aNd dIvERTIcuLa abSENT, ExcEpT foR a SmaLL apIcaL dIvERTIcuLum ( FIgS 26–29View FIGURES26–27View FIGURES28–31).

Redescription. Head. ( FIgS 7–13View FIGURES7–12View FIGURES 13–17, 18View FIGURES 18–23). VERTEx bRoWN aNd LIghT bRoWN; fRoNS LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE, TubERcLE NakEd, RouNd, fLaT aNd SLIghTLy RIdgEd, WITh a vERy SmaLL cENTRaL buLgE; compouNd EyES NakEd, moSTLy bRoWN WITh daRk bRoWN bLoTchES; maLE aNTENNa abouT ThREE fIfThS ThE LENgTh of ThE coSTaL maRgIN, ScapuS aNd pEdIcELuS covEREd by LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE ScaLES, aNTENNomERS bRoadLy bIpEcTINaTE, vENTRaLLy NakEd, doRSaLLy covEREd by LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE ScaLES aNd bRISTLES, Each RamI up To fouR TImES ThE WIdTh of ThE cENTRaL ShafT, dENSELy covEREd by fINE SETaE aNd dISTaLLy SLIghTLy cLubbEd; LabIaL paLpuS fIRST aNd SEcoNd SEgmENTS covEREd moSTLy by LaRgE bRoWN aNd LIghT bRoWN ScaLES WITh cREamy WhITE ScaLES dISTaLLy, ThIRd SEgmENT covEREd by bRoWN, LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE ShoRTER ScaLES, fIRST aNd SEcoNd SEgmENT ThIck aNd SLIghTLy cuRvEd, ThE LaTTER TWIcE ThE LENgTh of ThE foRmER, INNER aREa of fIRST SEgmENT Rough, WITh fINE ScaLES, ThIRd SEgmENT obLoNg, abouT 1/3 ThE WIdTh aNd 2/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE fIRST SEgmENT, vom RaTh oRgaN REachINg ThE haLf of ThE LENgTh of ThE ThIRd SEgmENT. FEmaLE aS IN maLE, buT aNTENNa fILIfoRm, vENTRaLLy NakEd, doRSaLLy covEREd by LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE ScaLES.

Thorax. ( FIg. 14View FIGURES 13–17). PaTagIum aNTERIoRLy WITh daRk bRoWN aNd poSTERIoRLy WITh LIghT bRoWN ScaLES; TEguLa moSTLy cREamy WhITE, SuRRouNdEd by LIghT bRoWN aNd bRoWN aNd boRdEREd mEdIaLLy by daRk bRoWN LINE; mESo- aNd mETaThoRax doRSaLLy moSTLy LIghT bRoWN aNd bRoWN, WITh a cREamy WhITE mEdIaN SpoT; ThoRax vENTRaLLy WITh bRoWN, LIghT bRoWN aNd cREamy WhITE ScaLES. FEmaLE aS IN maLE.

Legs. ( FIgS 19–23View FIGURES 18–23). MoSTLy gRayISh bRoWN, SpEckLEd WITh daRkER aNd LIghTER ScaLES; foRELEg coxa ThIck, STRoNgLy dEvELopEd; TRochaNTER SmaLL aNd cuRvEd; fEmuR abouT oNE aNd a haLf TImES LoNgER ThaN ThE coxa, SmooTh; TIbIa doRSo-vENTRaLLy fLaTTENEd, abouT haLf ThE LENgTh of ThE fEmuR, WIdER IN aNTERIoR vIEW, WITh STRoNg LaTERaL aNd dISTaL SpINES, EpIphySIS 2/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE TIbIa; mIdLEg fEmuR SLIghTLy LoNgER ThaN ThE TIbIa, SmooTh; TIbIa WIdER dISTaLLy; hINdLEg fEmuR 2/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE TIbIa, abouT ThE SamE SIzE of ThE mIdLEg fEmuR, SmooTh; aLL fEmoRa, TIbIaE aNd TaRSI WITh ThREE SomEWhaT REguLaR RoWS of vENTRaL SpINES, TIbIaE aNd fIRST TaRSomERES aLSo WITh SpaRSE addITIoNaL ouTER SpINES; TaRSaL cLaWS bIfId. FEmaLE aS IN maLE.

Forewing size, shape and venation. ( FIgS 1–6View FIGURES 1–6, 15–17View FIGURES 13–17, 24–25View FIGURES 24–25). AvERagE SIzE of maLES 1.55 cm (1.5 cm – 1.65 cm; N=17) aNd fEmaLES 1.65 cm (1.6 cm – 1.7 cm; N=2) (hoLoTypE = “ 38 cm of WINgSpaN” (SchauS 1929)); WINg ShapE aNd vENaTIoN SImILaR To oThER agRoTINES.

Forewing, upperside. ( FIgS 1, 3, 5View FIGURES 1–6, 15View FIGURES 13–17). GRouNd coLoR moSTLy gRayISh bRoWN, SubcoSTaL baNd LIghT bRoWN fRom ThE baSE of ThE WINg To abouT R1 aNd bRoWN fRom abouT R1 To ThE apEx; baSE of Sc daRk bRoWN; RadIaL aNd CubITaL vEINS aNd ThE vERy baSES of R1, R2, R3 aNd M3 cREamy WhITE; baSE of 1A+2A LIghT bRoWN; REmaINdER vEINS daRk bRoWN; oRbIcuLaR SpoT gRayISh bRoWN, pRojEcTEd baSaLLy aLoNg ThE RadIaL vEIN aNd boRdEREd by a ThIN LIghT bRoWN LINE; oRbIcuLaR SpoT NoT REachINg ThE CubITaL vEIN; RENIfom SpoT gRayISh bRoWN aNd boRdEREd by a ThIN LIghT bRoWN LINE, ExTENdINg fRom ThE RadIaL To ThE CubITaL vEIN aNd coNNEcTEd To ThE oRbIcuLaR SpoT IN SomE SpEcImENS; REmaINdER of ThE dIScaL cELL daRk bRoWN; aREa fRom ThE RENIfoRm SpoT To abouT ThE poSTmEdIaL aREa daRk bRoWN; baSaL daSh aNd cLavIfoRm SpoT daRk bRoWN, WITh a LIghT bRoWN boWEd maRkINg bETWEEN ThEm REachINg ThE CubITaL vEIN; TRaNSvERSaL LINES INdISTINcT; TERmINaL LINE WITh daRk bRoWN chEvRoNS; fRINgE gRayISh LIghT bRoWN To bRoWN. FEmaLE aS IN maLE buT uSuaLLy daRkER.

Forewing, underside. ( FIgS 2, 4, 6View FIGURES 1–6, 16–17View FIGURES 13–17). MoSTLy gRayISh LIghT bRoWN, daRkER aLoNg ThE coSTaL maRgIN aNd ThE dIScaL cELL; TERmINaL LINE WITh daRk bRoWN chEvRoNS; maLES WITh a daRkER bRoWN SpoT afTER ThE ENd of ThE dIScaL cELL; maLE RETINacuLum aS a paTch of dENSELy packEd ScaLES oN ThE RadIaL vEIN. FEmaLE aS IN maLE, buT RETINacuLum aS a paTch of ENLaRgEd ScaLES oN ThE CubITaL vEIN.

Hind wing, upper side. ( FIgS 1, 3, 5View FIGURES 1–6). WINg ShapE aNd vENaTIoN SImILaR To oThER agRoTINES; moSTLy cREamy WhITE, WITh gRayISh LIghT bRoWN ScaLES oN ThE vEINS aNd aLoNg ThE coSTaL, ouTER aNd INNER maRgINS, dIScaL SpoT INdISTINcT, fRINgE cREamy WhITE To gRayISh LIghT bRoWN. FEmaLE aS IN maLE buT uSuaLLy daRkER.

Hind wing, underside. ( FIgS 2, 4, 6View FIGURES 1–6, 16–17View FIGURES 13–17). SImILaR To ThE uppER SIdE, buT WITh dIScaL SpoT SLIghTLy dISTINcT, gRayISh LIghT bRoWN; maLE fRENuLum foRmEd by a SINgLE STRoNg bRISTLE. FEmaLE aS IN maLE, buT fRENuLum foRmEd by TWo STRoNgER aNd oNE WEakER bRISTLE.

Abdomen. ( FIgS 1–6View FIGURES 1–6). DoRSaLLy, LaTERaLLy aNd vENTRaLLy gRayISh bRoWN, SpEckLEd WITh daRkER aNd LIghT ScaLES, aNd WITh LIghTER ScaLES oN ThE poSTERIoR maRgIN of Each SEgmENT; maLE coREmaTa aNd aSSocIaTEd STRucTuRES abSENT. FEmaLE aS IN maLE, buT ThE abdomEN IS SomEWhaT STouTER aNd abRupTLy TapERINg aT ThE LaST SEgmENTS.

Male genitalia. ( FIg. 26–29View FIGURES26–27View FIGURES28–31). TEgumEN STRap-LIkE, vENTRaL aRm ENLaRgEd, coNNEcTINg To ThE doRSaL aRm of ThE SaccuS; SaccuS ShoRT, gLoboSE aNd poSTERIoRLy pRojEcTEd, doRSaL aRmS ThIN aNd SINuouS; uNcuS LoNg aNd SomEWhaT STRaIghT WITh doRSaLLy cuRvEd ScaLES, TapERINg dISTaLLy To a poINT WITh ThIck poSTERIoRLy dIREcTEd SpINES; aNaL TubE (i.e. SubScaphIum) ScLERoTIzEd vENTRaLLy; vaLva WIdENINg dISTaLLy, SaccuLuS aNd cLavuS WEakLy ScLERoTIzEd; ampuLLa 1/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE vaLva, dIgITuS abSENT; coRoNa REducEd oNLy aT ThE doRSaL ThIRd of ThE vaLva; juxTa (i.e. fuLTuRa INfERIoR) Sub-TRIaNguLaR, NaRRoWER cLoSE To ThE SaccuLuS, WIdENINg doRSaLLy; vESIca of aEdEaguS EvERTINg vENTRaLLy buT SomEWhaT STRaIghT, SWoLLEN aT ThE baSE, abouT fouR TImES ThE LENgTh of ThE aEdEaguS, dISTaL ThIRd TapEREd, apIcaL dIvERTIcuLum SmaLL, oThER dIvERTIcuLa abSENT.

Female genitalia. ( FIgS 30–31View FIGURES28–31). LamELLa aNTEvagINaLIS STRap-LIkE; LamELLa poSTvagINaLIS abSENT; abdomINaL SEgmENT VIII NoT fuSEd vENTRaLLy, WIdTh abouT 1/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE SEgmENT IN LaTERaL vIEW, WIdER vENTRaLLy; apophySIS aNTERIoRIS oN ThE vENTRaL ThIRd of ThE abdomINaL SEgmENT VIII, IN ITS WIdEST aREa; apophySIS poSTERIoRIS LoNg, abouT ThREE TImES ThE LENgTh of ThE apophySIS aNTERIoRIS; papILLa aNaLIS obLoNg; oSTIum buRSaE mEdIaL; ducTuS buRSaE ThINNER ThaN ThE coRpuS buRSaE aNd ThE appENdIx buRSaE; coRpuS buRSaE RouNdEd, abouT 2/3 ThE LENgTh of ThE ShoRT aNd cuRvEd appENdIx buRSaE, SIgNa abSENT; appENdIx buRSaE moRE oR LESS cyLINdRIcaL, abRupTLy TapERINg dISTaLLy To ThE ducTuS SEmINaLIS.

Comments. Feltia carolia  comb. nov. WaS dEScRIbEd fRom a SINgLE fEmaLE fRom SaNTa CaTaRINa, fRom SpEcImENS doNaTEd by MR. EdWaRd DukINfIELd JoNES coLLEcTEd IN vaRIouS LocaLITIES IN SouThERN aNd SouThEaSTERN BRazIL ( SchauS 1929). ThE fEmaLE hoLoTypE WaS coLLEcTEd IN MaRch, 1922, aNd WaS REcoRdEd IN ThE caTaLog of ThE USNMAbout USNM uNdER ThE NumbER 33535 ( FIg. 32View FIGURES 32–33). HoWEvER, EvEN Though ThE USNMAbout USNM coLLEcTIoN WEbSITE cLaImS ThaT ThE hoLoTypE IS dEpoSITEd ThERE (SI-USNM 2017), ThIS SpEcImEN WaS NoT LocaTEd IN ThE TypE coLLEcTIoN by DR. PauL GoLdSTEIN, ThE cuRRENT cuRaToR of NocTuIdaE  of ThE USNMAbout USNM (P. GoLdSTEIN, pERS. comm.). DR. DoNaLd LafoNTaINE, havINg ExamINEd aNd phoTogRaphEd aLL NocTuIdaE  TypES aT ThE USNMAbout USNM, NoTES ThaT hERE IS NoT EvEN a SpoT foR IT IN ThE TypE coLLEcTIoN, SuggESTINg ThaT ThIS SpEcImEN WaS NEvER REcogNIzEd aS a hoLoTypE of F. carolia  comb. nov. (J. D. LafoNTaINE, pERS. comm.); ThE Lack of SpEcImENS foR ExamINaTIoN IS ThE LIkELy REaSoN Why PooLE (1989) choSE NoT To aSSIgN SchauS’ NamE To a gENuS. ThE hoLoTypE WaS LocaTEd by DR. J. BoLLINg SuLLIvaN WhIch, aLThough coRREcTLy IdENTIfIEd, WaS NoT pRompTLy REcogNIzEd aS ThE hoLoTypE of F. carolia  comb. nov. (J. B. SuLLIvaN, pERS. comm.) ( FIg. 33View FIGURES 32–33). FoR ThaT REaSoN ThE coLLEcTIoN WhERE ThE SpEcImEN WaS LocaTEd WaS NoT REcoRdEd aT ThE TImE ThE pIcTuRE WaS TakEN aNd uNfoRTuNaTELy ThaT INfoRmaTIoN couLd NoT bE RETRIEvEd. ThIS fEmaLE SpEcImEN agREES cLoSELy IN paTTERN WITh ThE fEmaLE SpEcImEN fIguREd by SchauS IN ThE oRIgINaL dEScRIpTIoN ( SchauS 1929: 47, pL. 2, FIg. 16View FIGURES 13–17), hERE fIguREd. ThIS SpEcImEN caN bE poSITIvELy REcogNIzEd aS ThE hoLoTypE by ThE chaRacTERISTIc aRRaNgEmENT of ThE aNTENNa aNd damagE oN ThE RIghT hINd WINg ( FIgS 32–33View FIGURES 32–33). ThE SpEcImEN WaS SubSEquENTLy dISSEcTEd oR LoST ITS abdomEN; If dISSEcTEd, ThE WhEREabouTS of ThE dISSEcTIoN IS NoT kNoWN. ThE dISTINcTIvE coLoR paTTERN of ThE ThoRax aNd foRE WINg caN poSITIvELy IdENTIfy ThE SpEcImENS fRom ThE NEaRby STaTE of RIo GRaNdE do SuL, BRazIL, pRESENTEd hERE, aS bELoNgINg To ThE SamE SpEcIES.

To ouR kNoWLEdgE, No fuRThER cITaTIoNS oR SpEcImENS WERE coLLEcTEd afTER ThE dEScRIpTIoN of ThE SpEcIES To ThE mIddLE aNd LaTE NINETIES, WhEN SEvERaL SpEcImENS WERE coLLEcTEd; SomE of ThESE REcoRdS WERE uLTImaTELy pubLIShEd by SpEchT & CoRSEuIL (2002) (aLThough cITEd aS “ Agrotis carolia  ”). AN addITIoNaL SINgLE fEmaLE SpEcImEN WaS LocaTEd aT ThE CLAM mIxEd WITh SpEcImENS TENTaTIvELy IdENTIfIEd aS F. subterranea  ( FabRIcIuS, 1794)—ThE moST commoN SpEcIES of Feltia  occuRRINg IN BRazIL. ThIS SpEcImEN WaS capTuREd IN 2014 ( FIgS 5–6View FIGURES 1–6) by DR. ALfREd MoSER, Who coLLEcTEd moThS ExTENSIvELy foR SEvERaL yEaRS IN ThE pRESumEd aREa of dISTRIbuTIoN of ThIS SpEcIES. DR. CESLau M. BIEzaNko, Who coLLEcTEd IN SEvERaL LocaLITIES of RIo GRaNdE do SuL, BRazIL, foR SEvERaL yEaRS NEvER REcoRdEd oR dEpoSITEd IN hIS coLLEcTIoN SpEcImENS of ThIS SpEcIES (SpEchT et al. 2004). SEvERaL oThER BRazILIaN coLLEcTIoNS WERE vISITEd, INcLudINg SomE majoR coLLEcTIoNS Such aS ThE CoLEção ENTomoLógIca PadRE JESuS SaNTIago MouRE, UNIvERSIdadE FEdERaL do PaRaNÁ ( DZUPAbout DZUP), MuSEu dE ZooLogIa da UNIvERSIdadE dE São PauLo ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP), MuSEu NacIoNaL do RIo dE JaNEIRo ( MNRJAbout MNRJ), CoLEção HubERT ThöNy (HT), aNd CoLEção VIToR OSmaR BEckER (VOB), buT No fuRThER SpEcImENS WERE LocaTEd.

Feltia carolia  comb. nov. caN bE RapIdLy dISTINguIShEd fRom oThER SouTh AmERIcaN SpEcIES of ThE gENuS by ThE STRoNgLy bIpEcTINaTE aNTENNa, oNLy ShaREd WITh F. chilensis  ( HampSoN, 1903) aNd F. brachystria  ( HampSoN, 1903). ThE foRmER haS ThE foREWINg WITh aLL ThE TRaNSvERSaL LINES dIffERENTIaTEd, ThE cREamy WhITE ScaLES oN ThE RadIaL aNd CubITaL vEINS aRE abSENT, IN ThE maLE gENITaLIa ThE ampuLLa IS haLf aS LoNg aS vaLva, aNd ITS dISTRIbuTIoN IS RESTRIcTEd To ChILE. Feltia brachystria  caN bE dISTINguIShEd fRom F. carolia  comb. nov. by ThE daRkER foREWINg gRouNd coLoR, ThE pRESENcE of ThE TRaNSvERSaL LINES, aNd maLE gENITaLIa WITh vaLvE NoT WIdENINg dISTaLLy.

Spatio-temporal distribution. ( FIgS 34–35View FIGURE 34View FIGURE 35). FoRTy SIx SpEcImENS of F. carolia  comb. nov. WERE capTuREd IN ThE STaNdaRdIzEd SampLINgS, IN oNLy oNE of ThE ELEvEN SampLEd SITES: Lagoa VERmELha, IN ThE CampoS dE CIma da SERRa phySIogRaphIcaL zoNE. IN 1998, oNLy fouR SpEcImENS WERE capTuREd, ThREE IN MaRch aNd oNE IN May; IN 1999, 42 SpEcImENS WERE capTuREd, 34 IN May aNd EIghT IN JuNE. CoLLEcTIoNS WERE NoT caRRIEd ouT IN JuNE of 1998 aNd ApRIL of 1999 duE To hEavy RaIN aNd LoW TEmpERaTuRES. SomE SpEcImENS dEpoSITEd aT ThE MTCP aNd LISTEd bELoW IN ThE MaTERIaL ExamINEd SEcTIoN aRE vouchER SpEcImENS of ThESE coLLEcTIoNS EvENTS (e.g. FIgS 1–4View FIGURES 1–6). OThER SIx kNoWN SpEcImENS, dEpoSITEd aT ThE MCTP aNd CLAM aNd cITEd by SpEchT & CoRSEuIL (2002), WhERE coLLEcTEd IN ThE SamE phySIogRaphIcaL zoNE oR IN ITS vIcINITy, IN São FRaNcISco dE PauLa, CENTRo dE PESquISaS E CoNSERvação da NaTuREza PRó-MaTa, 1000 m (29° 28’ S; 50° 10’ W), CambaRÁ do SuL, SERRa PouSada ESTâNcIa do CambaRÁ, 980 m (29° 07’ S; 50° 10 W), aNd SaLvadoR do SuL, 610 m (29° 27’46” S; 51°30’12” W). SaLvadoR do SuL bELoNgS To ThE ENcoSTa SupERIoR do NoRdESTE phySIogRaphIc zoNE WhIch ShaRES maNy SImILaRITIES WITh ThE CampoS dE CIma da SERRa IN hIghER ELEvaTIoNS ( ARENd 1990). ThIS SITE WaS INTENSIvELy SampLEd fRom 1993 To 2008 by AS buT oNLy TWo maLE SpEcImENS of F. carolia  comb. nov. WERE EvER capTuREd, boTh IN a SINgLE NIghT of ApRIL of 1995. ThE CampoS dE CIma da SERRa aRE mouNTaINouS pLaTEauS chaRacTERIzEd by ThE pRESENcE of moSTLy NaTIvE mIxEd-gRaSSES aNd Woody pLaNTS, WITh gaLLERy foRESTS IN ThE RIvER vaLLEyS aNd mIxEd ombRophILouS moNTaNE foRESTS IN aREaS of gRaTER RELIEf. IN ThE vIcINITy of ThE coLLEcTINg SITE ThERE aRE SomE faRmLaNdS WITh aNNuaL cRopS, RESTRIcTEd To aREaS WITh gREaTER SoIL dEpTh. ALThough SchauS (1929) dId NoT pRovIdE a pREcISE TypE LocaLITy foR F. carolia  comb. nov., ThE TypE SpEcImEN WaS pRobabLy coLLEcTEd IN ThIS SamE phySIogRaphIcaL zoNE, aS ENvIRoNmENTS SImILaR To ThE CampoS dE CIma da SERRa ExTENd gREaTLy NoRThWaRdS, EvEN Though dIScoNTINuouSLy, ThRoughouT ThE mouNTaINouS pLaTEauS IN ThE STaTES of RIo GRaNdE do SuL, SaNTa CaTaRINa aNd PaRaNÁ (SEE FIg. 34View FIGURE 34). HENcE, ThE SpaTIaL dISTRIbuTIoN of F. carolia  comb. nov. INdIcaTES ThaT ThIS SpEcIES IS ENdEmIc To ThE SouThERN BRazILIaN CampoS (sensu OvERbEck et al. 2007) aNd ITS SuRRouNdINg aREaS ( FIg. 34View FIGURE 34). Feltia carolia  comb. nov. appEaRS To bE TEmpoRaLLy RESTRIcTEd fRom MaRch To JuNE ( FIg. 35View FIGURE 35), WhIch fuRThER SuggESTS ThaT ThIS SpEcIES haS a SINgLE gENERaTIoN pER yEaR aNd go ThRough LaRvaL (aS pREpupaE) aNd pupaL ESTIvaL dIapauSES aS obSERvEd IN oThER SpEcIES of Feltia, Such  aS F. brachystria  , F. gypaetina  ( GuENéE, 1852) aNd F. robusta  (BLaNchaRd, 1852) (SpEchT et al. 2004, 2013; BENTaNcouRT & ScaToNI 2006). BoTh ThESE aREaS (hIghER ELEvaTIoN gRaSSLaNdS) aNd moNThS of ThE yEaR (auTumN aNd EaRLy WINTER) aRE uSuaLLy LESS aTTENdEd by coLLEcToRS, WhIch may IN paRT ExpLaIN ThE SmaLL NumbER oR compLETE abSENcE of SpEcImENS of ThIS SpEcIES IN coLLEcTIoNS.

Type material. HoLoTypE fEmaLE SuppoSEdLy dEpoSITEd aT ThE USNMAbout USNM, coLLEcTEd IN MaRch 1922, by MR. EdWaRd DukINfIELd JoNES (SI-USNM 2 017). ThE hoLoTypE, WhEN aNd If fouNd, oughT To bE TRaNSfERREd To ThE TypE coLLEcTIoN of ThE USNMAbout USNM aNd LabELEd accoRdINgLy.

Material Examined. (17 maLES aNd 3 fEmaLES). BRASIL: Rio Grande do Sul, Cambará do Sul (ESTâNcIa), 3– 4. V.2014, 1 fEmaLE, MoSER leg. ( CLAM) ( FIgS. 5–6View FIGURES 1–6), Lagoa Vermelha, 26. III.1998, 2 maLES, SpEchT leg., 9534, 15106 [WIThouT abdomEN], 27. V.1998, 1 maLE, SpEchT leg., 9535, 12. VI.1999, 3 maLES aNd 1 fEmaLE, SpEchT leg., 9538[a], 9538[b]* ( FIgS 3–4View FIGURES 1–6), 9538[c], 9537*, 13. V.1999, 8 maLES, SpEchT leg., 9536[a], 9536[b], 9536[c], 9536[d], 9536[E], 9536[f], 9536[g] ( FIgS 1–2View FIGURES 1–6), 9536[h] ( MCTPAbout MCTP), São Francisco de Paula , 30. V.1996, 3 maLES, PETERSEN leg., 4958[a], 4958[b], 4958[c] ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  . Santa Catarina, No SpEcIfIc LocaLITy, III.1922, 1 fEmaLE, DukINfIELd JoNES leg. ( USNMAbout USNM) (SEE commENTS abovE). 

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Noctuidae

Genus

Feltia

Loc

Feltia carolia (Schaus, 1912)

Dias, Fernando M. S., Specht, Alexandre, Blas, German San, Casagrande, Mirna M. & Mielke, Olaf H. H. 2017

2017
Loc

Feltia carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

F. carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

Feltia carolia (Schaus, 1929)

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

F. carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

F. carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

F. carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

F. carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

Feltia carolia

Dias & Specht & Blas & Casagrande & Mielke 2017

2017
Loc

Porosagrotis carolia

Schaus 1929

1929
Loc

[sic] carolia

Schaus 1929

1929
Loc

Porosagrotis

Smith 1890

1890