Colletes kuhlmanni Ferrari

Ferrari, Rafael R., 2017, Taxonomic revision of the species of Colletes Latreille, 1802 (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Colletinae) found in Chile, Zootaxa 4364 (1), pp. 1-137: 70-73

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4364.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:313F4EAC-F03B-45BA-B346-FF52C165018A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFAF-0977-C8A3-415DFA84D394

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Colletes kuhlmanni Ferrari
status

new species

Colletes kuhlmanni Ferrari  , new species

( Figs. 34A–FView FIGURE 34)

Diagnosis. The combination of pubescence mostly pale-yellow, malar area 1.2x as long as basal depth of mandible, paraocular area with longitudinal band of black hairs, posterior hind tibial spur ciliate, and T1 sparsely and minutely punctate is sufficient to distinguish C. kuhlmanni  n. sp. from all other species of the genus found in Chile.

Colletes kuhlmanni  n. sp. is most similar to C. gilvus  , but these species can be differentiated by T1 sparsely and minutely punctate in C. kuhlmanni  n. sp. (T1 moderately densely and finely punctate in C. gilvus  ). Additionally, the female of these species differ in the disc of T1, which is covered only with erect long hairs in C. kuhlmanni  n. sp. (T1 with erect long and sparse appressed hairs in female C. gilvus  ). Also, F1 is approximately as long as its apical width in male C. kuhlmanni  n. sp. (F1 ~1.3x as long as its apical width in C. gilvus  ).

Description. FEMALE ( Figs. 34A, 34CView FIGURE 34, 31FView FIGURE 31): Dimensions (mm): Approximate body length 11.0; head width 3.5; head length 2.7; intertegular distance 2.8; forewing length 7.3.

Colouration: Black except reddish-brown marked on distal 1/3 of mandible. Dark-brown on tegula, wing veins (except vein R of forewing black), distitarsi (except distal 1/5 pale-brown), distal half of tarsal claws, marginal zones of T1–T5. Pale-brown on proximal half of tarsal claws. Pale-yellow on tibial spurs, marginal zones of S1– S5.

Structure: Labrum medially concave; concavity margined by lateral ridges. Clypeal mid-longitudinal area narrowly (0.4x MODAbout MOD) and deeply depressed on upper half; depression broad and shallow on lower half; adjacent lateral area convex; apicomedial ridge absent. Malar area ~1.2x basal depth of mandible (34:28). F1 ~1.7x as long as its apical width (40:23). UID:LID (69:60). Genal area concave behind upper summit of compound eyes in lateral view. Dorsolateral angle of pronotum modified into a spine. Horizontal surface of metapostnotum 0.45x as long as metanotum (28:62); metapostnotal pits well-delimited; posterior transverse carina straight and narrowly interrupted medially. Posteromedial surface of front coxa without spine. Posterior hind tibial spur ciliate. Hind basitarsus 3.6x longer than broad (54:15). Outer rami of hind tarsal claws ~ 2x as long as inner rami (30:16). Posterolateral area of S6 flat and lacking carina; marginal zone depressed.

Pubescence: Pale-yellow, plumose, erect, long on lateral slopes of clypeus and supraclypeal area, interantennal area, coxae, trochanters (except very short on dorsal surface), ventral surface of femora, S1; such hairs very long on genal area (progressively shorter towards outer margin of compound eye), mesepisternum, metepisternum, superior margin of lateral surface of propodeum, T1. Mixed pale-yellow and black, plumose, erect, long hairs on paraocular and vertexal areas, mesoscutum, scutellum, metanotum. Pale-yellow, suberect, moderately long setae on mandible, dorsal surface of mid and hind basitarsi and tibiae. Pale-yellow, erect, very long setae on posterior margin of mid and hind basitarsi; thick setae on ventral surface of mid and hind tarsi (thickest towards distal margin). Pale-yellow, suberect, very long hairs, which are branched only apically on anterior surface of hind femur and tibia. T2–T5 with pale-yellow, dense, appressed hairs (T4–T5 also with black, erect, long setae). Posterior 1/3 of S3–S5 covered with setae and plumose hairs intermixed. S2 with pale-yellow, erect, short hairs, which are branched only apically.

Surface sculpture: Clypeus shiny throughout; mid-longitudinal depression densely and finely punctate; adjacent convex area smooth on upper 3/4, lower 1/4 longitudinally striate. Malar area longitudinally striate. Supraclypeal area with very sparse moderately coarse punctures; interspaces smooth and shiny. Paraocular area densely and moderately coarsely punctate below (sparser and coarser towards supraclypeal area); punctures crowded and moderately fine above; interspaces smooth and shiny throughout. Frontal area punctures crowded; interspaces rugose and dull. Vertexal punctation dense with moderately fine punctures intermingled with coarse ones; interspaces smooth and shiny. Mesoscutum coarsely punctate; densely punctate on anterior and lateral areas; sparsely punctate on mid-posterior area. Scutellar disc densely punctate; posterior margin punctures crowded. Mesepisternum coarsely punctate; densely punctate anteriorly to episternal groove; slightly sparser posteriorly to groove. Mesoscutal, scutellar, and mesepisternal interspaces smooth and shiny throughout. Metanotum punctures crowded; interspaces rugulose but somewhat shiny. Metepisternum obliquely striate medially; rugulose above. Lateral surface of propodeum rugulose; punctation difficult to spot. Upper area of vertical surface of metapostnotum smooth medially. Metasomal terga sparsely and minutely punctate; interspaces smooth and shiny throughout. Metasoma sterna finely and shallowly punctate; densest posterolaterally; interspaces imbricate.

MALE ( Figs. 34B, 34D, 34FView FIGURE 34). As in female, except for usual secondary sexual characteristics and as follows:

Dimensions (mm): Approximate body length 8.2; head width 3.2; head length 2.6; intertegular distance 2.1; forewing length 6.9.

Colouration: Posterior margins of S1–S5 pale-brown.

Structure: Clypeal mid-longitudinal depression evenly narrow and deep throughout. Malar area 2.3x basal depth of mandible (46:20). F1 1.1x as long as its apical width (32:29). UID:LID (72:59). Horizontal surface of metapostnotum 0.4x as long as metanotum (16:40); posterior transverse carina somewhat sinuous. Hind basitarsus 3.1x longer than broad (55:18). Outer rami of hind tarsal claws 1.75x as long as inner rami (28:16). S7, S8 and genital capsule as in Figs. 35A, 35B, 35CView FIGURE35, respectively.

Pubescence: Mesoscutum, scutellum and metanotum without black hairs. Metasomal appressed pubescence restricted to marginal zones; discs of T2–T3 covered with plumose, erect, moderately long hairs; discs of T4–T5 with long setae.

Surface sculpture: Clypeal convex area smooth throughout, without sulci. Supraclypeal area densely punctate. Scutellar interspaces rugulose. Mesepisternum, anteriorly to episternal groove, with rugulose interspaces. T3–T5 moderately densely punctate.

Type material. Holotype ♀ — “ CHILE Region Metro ; Farellones 2179m; S33.35627 W70.32478; 9.i.2009 L. Packer Brassicaceae  ; PCYU CHI09-11-1-011 ”. “HOLOTYPE; Colletes kuhlmanni  ♀; Ferrari, new species”. { PCYU}.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: CHILE—Region II: Cifuncho , (-25.657, -70.632), 58m, 29/ix/1994, [E.Chiapa], 1♂, { PUCV}; idem, except 09/i/1996, 1♀ 1♂  ; idem, except [H. Toro ], 1♂  . N of Quebrada de Taltal , (-25.456, -70.445), 308m, 2/x/ 1994, [E. Chiappa], 1♂, { PUCV}. Quebrada de Taltal, (-25.488, -70.424), 502m, 20/x/1993, [H.Toro], 1♂, { PUCV}; idem, except 31/x/1993, [H.Chiappa], 1♂  . Region III: 2.5km E of Diego de Almagro, (-26.394, - 70.059), 772m, 17/x/2010, [Packer & Almeida], 6♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}; idem, except 2♂♂, { RPSPAbout RPSP}; idem, except 4km E of Diego de Almagro, (-26.367, -70.006), 871m, 2♂♂, { RPSPAbout RPSP}  . 7.3km W of Domeyko , (-28.978, -70.964), 662m, 22/v/2010, [Packer & Almeida], 3♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}; idem, except 22/x/2010, [L.Packer], 1♂  . 15.5km NNE of El Algarrobal , (-28.018, -70.553), 662m, 13/x/2010, [Almeida & Packer], 1♀, { RPSPAbout RPSP}  . 19km N of Vallenar , (-28.414, -70.721), 663m, 13/x/2010, [Almeida & Packer], 1♂, { RPSPAbout RPSP}  . 37km W of Copiapó , (-27.350, -70.000), 1051m, 16/xi/2003, [M.Irwin], 1♂, { BBSLAbout BBSL}  . 40km SE of Caldera , (-18.578, -69.943), 846m, 16/x/1957, [L.Peña], 1♂, { KUNHM}  . 125km SE of Copiapó, (-28.221, -69.643), 3289m, 9/xi/2003, [ Irwin & Parker ], 4♀♀ 5♂♂, { BBSLAbout BBSL}. Embalse Lautaro, (-27.984, -69.987), 1174m, 30/ix/2013, [L.Packer], 2♀♀ 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. N of Vallenar, (-28.490, - 70.735), 571m, 11/x/2000, [L.Packer], 2♀♀ 8♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. NE of Aguada de Tongoy, (-28.512, -71.166), 120m, 14/ix/2010, [L.Packer] 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Potrerillos, (-26.427, -69.482), 2743m, 19/x/2015, [L.Packer], 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Puente Río Potro, (-28.275, -69.735), 2564m, 21/v/2010, [L.Packer], 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}; idem, except 21/x/2010  .

Quebrada del Potrero , (-26.856, -70.663), 357m, 1/v/2010, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Road to Mina Caserones  , (- 28.174, -69.803), 1848m, 30/ix/2013, [L.Packer]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. S of Agua Dulce , (-26.404, -69.585), 1924m, 16/ xi/2013, [Monckton & Postlethwaite]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. S of Cachiyuyo , (-29.147, -70.941), 1204m, 9/v/2010, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. S of Freirina , (-28.544, -71.053), 264m, 14/ix/2010, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. SE of Copiapó , (-27.765, -70.159), 840m, 29/ix/2013, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. W of Domeyko , (-28.972, -71.000), 617m, 5/x/2010, [Packer & Fraser]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. W of Finca Los Salinas , (-27.660, -69.894), 1752m, 4/ii/2016, [L.Packer]  , 3♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Region IV: 1km E of Parque Nacional Fray Jorge , (-30.637, -71.597), 259m, 15/x/ 2000, [L.Packer]  , 2♀♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. 7km N of La Higuera , (-29.444, -71.194), 375m, 14/iv/2000, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}; idem, except 30km N of la Higuera , (-29.276, -71.036), 624m  , 3♀♀; idem, except SW of La Higuera, 1♂. 7km N of Los Vilos , (-31.849, -71.493), 75m, 11/x/2003, [M.Irwin]  , 2♀♀, {BBSL}; idem, except 25/xii/2003, [Parker & Irwin], 1♂. 15km S of La Villa , (-30.104, -70.990), 470m, 21/xi/2003, [Irwin & Parker]  , 1♀, { BBSLAbout BBSL}. Caleta Los Hornos , (-29.620, -71.287), 5m, 11/xi/1997, [L.Packer]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Caleta Los Lobos , (-31.901, - 71.497), 10m, 26/x/2001, [Packer & Fraser]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. E of Aduanas , (-30.138, -70.061), 2707m, 3/ii/2016, [L.Packer]  , 3♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. El Peñon , (-30.132, -71.216), 208m, 11/ix/1956, [R.Wagenknecht]  , 1♂, { KUNHM}. Guampulla , (-30.429, -70.977), 562m, 19/x/2001, [Packer & Fraser]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Highway 41 km 139, 5/xi/ 2015, [L.Packer]  , 2♀♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. La Serena , (-29.896, -71.253), 15m, 25/xi/1957, [Wagenknecht]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Los Corrales , (-30.188, -69.911), 3842m, 3/ii/2016, [L.Packer]  , 6♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. N of Hurtado , (-30.266, -70.660), 1342m, 16/x/2013, [S.Monckton]  , 5♀♀ 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. N of La Serena , (-29.862, -71.251), 23m, 8/xi/2001, [L.Packer]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Puente Mata Gorda , (-31.903, -71.489), 31m, 16/xii/2013, [Postlethwaite & Monckton]  , 1♀ 1♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Rivadavia , (-29.975, -70.551), 903m, 16/v/1958, [R.Wagenknecht]  , 1♂, { KUNHM}. S of Los Vilos , (-31.931, -71.513), 15m, 10/xii/2013, [S.Monckton]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. SE of Los Choros , (-29.305, -71.283), 136m, 13/ix/2010, [L.Packer]  , 3♀♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Parque Nacional Fray Jorge , (-30.637, -71.597), 259m, 15/iv/2000, [L.Packer]  , 1♀8♂♂, {PCYU}; idem, except 14/x/2000, 2♀♀; idem, except 21/x/2001, [Packer & Fraser], 1♂. Portezuelo Tres Cruces , (-30.216, -70.651), 1963m, 31/x/1957, [L.Peña]  , 1♂, { KUNHM}. Quebrada Seca , (- 30.334, -71.265), 729m, 11/x/2002, [Grixti & Zayed]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Region V: E of Río Blanco , (-32.875, - 70.208), 1949m, 30/xii/2008, [L.Packer]  , 6♀♀ 3♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. La Campana National Park , (-32.952, -71.073), 621m, 10/i/2000, [M.Irwin]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Portillo , (-32.850, -70.133), 2612m, 30/xii/2009, [L.Packer]  , 1♀, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Region Metropolitana: Cerro El Roble , (-32.976, -71.013), 2202m, 1/i/2009, [L.Packer]  , 1♀ 4♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. Cuna Gallego Valley , (-32.882, -70.137), 2286m, 10/i/2009, [L.Packer]  , 1♀ 5♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. E of El Volcán , (-33.483, -70.040), 1994m, 7/i/2009, [L.Packer]  , 2♀♀ 2♂♂, { PCYUAbout PCYU}. El Manzano , (-33.439, -70.634), 489m, 18/i/1975, [Magunacelaya]  , 1♂, { PUCV}. Farellones , (-33.356, -70.324), 2179m, 9/i/2009, [L.Packer]  , 1♀5♂♂, {PCYU}; idem, except 31/xii/2008, 4♀♀3♂♂; idem, except 9/ii/2001, [E.Arias], 1♂. Valle Nevado, (- 33.362, -70.257), 2663m, 31/xii/2008, [L.Packer]  , 1♂, {PCYU}.

Range. Chile (Regions II–Metropolitana). See also Fig. 30BView FIGURE 30.

Biogeographic distribution. Andean region: Central Chilean sub-region (Coquimban and Santiagan provinces). Central Chilean species found at altitudes of 0–3900m a.s.l.

DNA barcode. Available. BOLD: AAO3265 (5♀♀6♂♂). Distance from the nearest neighbour ( C. atacamensis  ): 10.34–11.06%.

Floral hosts. Boraginaceae— Phacelia  sp. Compositae— Baccharis sp.; Solidago sp. Portulacaceae— Cistanthe salsoloides (Barnéoud) Carolin ex M. A. Hershkovitz.  Solanaceae— Nolana  sp. Some of the following records, which were originally attributed to C. gilvus  by Toro (1999), may also apply to C. kuhlmanni  n. sp.: Leguminosae— Caesalpinia sp.; Medicago sativa  L.; Prosopis  sp.

Etymology. This species is named after the melittologist Michael Kuhlmann in recognition of his profound dedication to the study of the genus Colletes  .

Comments. Very common species distributed in northern and central Chile. Females visit flowers of, at least, seven different plant families.

MOD

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Department of Biology

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

BBSL

USDA, Agriculture Research Service, Pollinating Insects-- Biology, Management and Systematics Research