Achilia reitteri, Sabella & Cuccodoro & Kurbatov, 2019

Sabella, Giorgio, Cuccodoro, Giulio & Kurbatov, Sergey A., 2019, A revision of the Chilean Brachyglutini - Part 4. Revision of Achilia Reitter, 1890: A. puncticeps and A. approximans species groups, with description of seven new species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Pselaphinae), Revue suisse de Zoologie 126 (1), pp. 127-145 : 131-137

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.2619528

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3706255

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E587B3-0D3E-3305-E9E9-E09B6A87FC6C

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Achilia reitteri
status

n. sp.

Achilia reitteri n. sp.

Figs 2 View Figs 1-6 , 9 View Figs 7-10 , 14 View Figs 11-14 , 21 View Figs 19-28 , 31-32 View Figs 29-34 , 57 View Fig

Holotype: MHNG (# MHNG-ENTO-1383); 1 ♂; SOUTHERN CHILI: Región Los Lagos: Osorno prov.: Puyehue National Park, Antillanca road; 500-1000 m; 18-20.XII.1984; S. & J. Peck; car netting.

Paratypes (96): SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL CHILI: Región Aysén: Aysén prov.: MHNG; 1 ♂; 16 km NW Cisnes Medio, Río Grande ; 200 m; 30.XII.1984 - 28.I.1985; S. & J. Peck; FIT mature beech forest . – MHNG; 1 ♂; Rio Simpson National Park , 33 km E Puerto Aysén; 70 m; 31.XII.1984 / 26.I.1985; S. & J. Peck; FIT, select cut forest. Región Los Lagos: Llanquihue prov.: UNHC; 1 ♂; Salto Petrohué , 6.4 km SW Petrohué ; 140 m; 28.XII.1982; A. Newton & M. Thayer; Valdivian rainforest, Berlese , leaf & log litter, forest floor . – FMNH; 1 ♂; Lago Chapo , 13.5 km E Correntoso , site 656; 310 m; 16-27.XII.1982; A. Newton & M. Thayer; Valdivian rainforest, flight intercept (windows) trap . – FMNH; 1 ♀; same data, but Berlese , leaf & log litter, forest floor . – Chiloé prov.: FMNH; 1 ♂; Ahoni Alto ; 70 m; 22.II.1988; L. Masner, primary forest . – Osorno prov.: UNHC; 1 ♂; 7.7 km NE Termas de Puyehue , site 664; 200 m; 19-25.XII.1982; A. Newton & M. Thayer; Valdivian rainforest, Berlese , leaf & log litter, forest floor . – FMNH ( FMHD #85- 923 View Materials , # 85-38 View Materials ); 3 ♂; Puyehue National Park, Antillanca road; 500 -1000 m; 18-20.XII.1984; S. & J. Peck; car netting . – MHNG; 24 ♂ and 38 ♀; same data . – MHNS, 1 ♂ and 1 ♀; same data . – FMNH; 3 ♂ and 3 ♀; Puyehue National Park, Antillanca road, site 659; 720 m; 18-24.XII.1982; A. Newton & M. Thayer; Nothofagus spp. forest, flight intercept . – UNHC; 2 ♂ and 2 ♀; same data . – FMNH; 1 ♀; Puyehue National Park, Antillanca road; 470 -720 m; 18-24.XII.1982; A. Newton & M. Thayer; Valdivian rainforest, screen sweeping at dusk . – MHNG; 5 ♂; Puyehue National Park, Antillanca road; 600 -1000 m; 20.XII.1984; S. & J. Peck; car netting . – MHNG; 1 ♂; Puyehue National Park, Aguas Calientes ; 500 m; 20.XII.1984; S. & J. Peck; forest litter on trail, sifting . – MHNG; 1 ♂; Puyehue National Park, Aguas Calientes , station 25a; 400 -500 m; 31.XII.1990 / 01.I.1991; D. Agosti & D. Burckhardt . – FMNH ( FMHD # 97-5 View Materials ); 1 ♂; Puyehue National Park , 4 km E Anticura ; 40° 39.73’S 72° 08.10’W; 460 m; 30.I.1997; A. Newton & M. Thayer 985-3; Valdivian rainforest w/large, Saxegothea , flight intercept trap. GoogleMaps Región Los Ríos: Valdivia prov.: MHNG; 1 ♂; Alerce Costiero National Park, near Chaihuin ; 500 m; 15.II.2018; G. Sabella & D. Mifsud; forest litter . – Región Araucanía: Malleco prov.: MHNG; 1 ♂; Puren, Contulmo Natural Monument ; 350 m; 11.XII.1984 - 13.II.1985; S. & J. Peck 85-16; FIT, mixed evergreen forest & MT Nothofagus . – Región Bío Bío: Concepción prov.: MSNG; 1 ♂; El Manzano ; TC-189; 03.I.1988; T. Cekalovic .

Description: Body 1.30-1.40 mm long, entirely dark brown with reddish elytra darker at base and along sutural stria; antennae, palpi, and legs reddish-brown. Head with eyes moderately protruding, distinctly shorter than slightly convex temples. Pronotum as wide as head; median antebasal fovea as large as lateral ones. First abdominal tergite with basal striae extending to about one-quarter of paratergal length, and separated at base by more than one-quarter of tergal width.

Male: Head as in Figs 31-32 View Figs 29-34 ; frons flattened, densely punctate and pubescent, disc with broad V-shaped depression with distinctly raised margins; vertexal sulcus shallowly impressed; frontal lobe wide and flattened. Antennae ( Fig. 14 View Figs 11-14 ) with scape and pedicel longer than wide; antennomere III as long as wide, antennomere IV wider than long; antennomere V longer than wide, antennomeres VI-VIII wider than long, VII bearing two long setae on its mesal margin; antennomere IX transverse with protruding distal mesal margin and bearing setae on its mesal margin; antennomere X strongly transverse: antennomere XI very elongate and distinctly longer than VI-X combined, bearing long and thin subbasal seta inserted in deep impression, its surface with many tubercles. Metaventrite raised at middle, this area with some fine punctures, distally pubescent, and divided by wide median sulcus. Legs with trochanters very elongate; surface of protrochanters and mesotrochanters bearing numerous long bristles; ventral margin of mesotrochanters projecting posteriorly as spine ( Fig. 21 View Figs 19-28 ); profemora and mesofemora slightly thickened; mesotibiae with short subapical spur on medial margin ( Fig. 9 View Figs 7-10 ), distal half slightly sinuate bearing long and thick bristles and long and wide macroseta; distal half of metatibiae slightly sinuate. Abdominal tergites and ventrites unmodified. Aedeagus ( Fig. 2 View Figs 1-6 , dorsal longitudinal struts not shown) 0.27-0.30 mm long; long bifid medial sclerites associated on each side with four pointed sclerites.

Female: Similar to male except: head with frons slightly convex (not flattened) without punctures and with large vertexal fovea beside each eye; vertexal sulcus present, well-impressed; antennae shorter and thinner than male; metaventrite, and legs unmodified.

Collecting data: Collected from December to February, mainly in Valdivian rainforests, at elevations ranging from 70 m to 1000 m. Most specimens came from car netting and flight intercept traps, but also by sifted samples of leaf and log litter.

Distribution: Achilia reitteri n. sp. is known from Southern and Central Chile ( Fig. 57 View Fig : green diamonds), ranging from Aysén to Concepción provinces.

Comments: Achilia reitteri n. sp. is similar to A. puncticeps from which it is easily distinguished by the male features of the head (compare Figs 29-30 and 31-32 View Figs 29-34 ), antennae (compare Figs 13 and 14 View Figs 11-14 ), mesotrochanters (compare Figs 21 and 25 View Figs 19-28 ), and the copulatory pieces of the aedeagus (compare Figs 1 and 2 View Figs 1-6 ). The females of the two species are distinguished because A. puncticeps has the sides of the frontal lobe clearly narrowed (slightly narrowed in A. reitteri n. sp.)

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MSNG

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 'Giacomo Doria'

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Genus

Achilia