Toxoniella taitensis , Warui, C. & Jocque, R., 2002

Warui, C. & Jocque, R., 2002, THE FIRST GALLIENIELLIDAE (ARANEAE) FROM EASTERN AFRICA, The Journal of Arachnology 30 (1), No. 1, pp. 307-315: 309-312

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.819918

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E73070-FFA9-FFD9-FEB0-FABBF5DA1199

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Toxoniella taitensis
status

new species

Toxoniella taitensis  new species

Figs. 1-8View Figures 1 - 3View Figures 4 - 8, 15-17View Figures 13 - 17, 20, 21View Figures 18 - 21

Type material. — Holotype male, Kenya, Taita Hills, Mwachora Forest, 3°24'S 38°22'E, March-April 1999, 1600 m, mountain forest, pitfall, L. Rogo ( MRAC 208858, now in NMK)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: 2 females, Taita Hills, Ronge Forest , 3°21'S 38°25'E, 28 October-13 No­ vember 1998, 1350 m, mountain forest, pitfall, L. Rogo ( MRAC 208794)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ 1 juvenile: Taita Hills, Ngangao Forest , 3°22'S 38°20'E, 1720 m, mountain forest, pitfall trap, 24 March 2000, R. Jocque & C. Warui ( MRAC 209662)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, as previous ( MRAC 209.523)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, Taita Hills, Egangao Forest , 3°22'S 38°20'E, 1750 m, mountain forest, pitfall trap, 15 July 1998, L. Rogo ( MRAC 208887GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 ♀ in NMK)GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♂, 1 ♀, 4 March 1999, further as previous ( MRAC 210047,GoogleMaps  2 ♂ in AMNH)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 juvenile, Tsavo West, Kasigau , 3°49'S 38°40'E, 2-9 December 2000, 1102 m, mountain forest, sieved litter, R. Jocque ( MRAC 209956)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀, Taita Hills, Vuria Forest, 3°24'S 38°17'E, 28 March 2000, 2100 m, mountain forest, sieved litter, R. Jocque ( MRAC 209552)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Taita Hills, Chawia Forest , 3°22'S 38°20'E, pitfall trap, 13-18 May 1998, L. Rogo ( MRAC 208804)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Taita Hills, Yale Forest, 3°39'S 38°33'E, 6 December 1999, 1800 m, mountain forest, winkler extraction of litter, VandenSpiegel & Michiels ( NMK)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology.— The species’ name refers to the type locality.

Diagnosis. —The male of this species is recognized by the presence of a frontal, tapered tegular extension between the embolus and the MA and the ridge-shaped frontal apophysis on the tibia. The females are characterized by the epigyne which is as wide as long, has a pronounced anterior ledge with sinuous rim and long cul de sac extension of the copulatory ducts which reach the anterior margin of the epigyne.

Male (holotype MRAC 208858; range of other males in parentheses). —Total length 6.39 (4.54-7.38). Carapace. 2.70 (2.13-2.98) long, 1.92 (1.49-2.13) wide. Carapace yellowish brown, with very faint darker pattern, paler in front of fovea. Abdomen: gray, slightly reddish in front, with dense cover of brownish golden setae. Eyes: AME: 0.10; ALE: 0.11; PME: 0.10; PLE: 0.11; AME-AME: 0.05; AME-ALE: 0.02; PME-PME: 0.10; PME-PLE: 0.11; MOQ: AW: 0.22; PW: 0.29; L: 0.26. Clypeus low, slightly less than diameter of ALE. Chilum triangular, 0.11 high, 0.19 wide. Legs: Spination: I: F pl1d3* P-T v1-1-2 Mt v2-2-1; II: F pl 1d3* P-T v1-1-2 Mt v2-2; III: F pl1d2*rl1 P -T pl2*d2*rl2* v 2-2-2 Mt 10disp dw6; IV: F pl1d2*rl1 P v1 T pl2*d1rl2* v 2-2-2 Mt 10disp dw6. T, P and F of anterior leg pairs with ventral rows of long curved setae. Palp ( Figs. 4-6View Figures 4 - 8): palpal tibia with dorsolateral apophysis as curved ridge; tegulum with posterior protrusion, not containing sperm duct, with frontal tapered extension between short, curved embolus and elongate, spoon-shaped median apophysis.

Female (paratype MRAC 209522, range of other females in parentheses). —Total length 7.81 (6.60-8.38). Carapace: 3.05 (2.49-3.83) long, 2.34 (1.92-2.41) wide. Carapace ( Figs. 1-3View Figures 1 - 3): as in male. Abdomen gray, with dense cover of brownish golden setae. Eyes: AME: 0.18; ALE: 0.14; PME: 0.11; PLE: 0.16 AME-AME: 0.05; AME-ALE: 0.04; PM E-PM E: 0.14; PM E-PLE: 0.14; MOQ: AW: 0.34; PW: 0.37; L: 0.34. Clypeus: low, half the diameter of ALE. Chilum: triangular, much wider than in male and less well delimited. 0.10 high, 0.51 wide. Legs: Spination:I: F pl1d2* P - T - M tv 2 -1; II: F pl1d2* P-T v1 Mt v2-1; III: F pl2*d2*rl2* P-T pl2*d2*rl2* v 2-2-2 Mt 10disp dw6; IV: F pl2*d2*rl2* P-T pl2*d2*rl2*v2— 2-2 Mt 10disp dw6. Epigyne ( Figs. 7, 8View Figures 4 - 8): with wide sinuous, frontal ledge, central longitudinal groove and widely separated longitudinal entrance openings. Entrance ducts short and parallel, running towards the front, with wide slightly curved cul de sac tubes, reaching anterior margin of epigyne; two well separated globular spermathecae.

Distribution.— Taita Hills, Kenya.

NMK

Kenya, Nairobi, National Museum of Kenya

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History