Scaria rafaeli Cadena-Castañeda, Mendes & Silva, 2019

Cadena-Castañeda, Oscar J., Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello, Silva, Daniela Santos Martins, Granda, Juan Manuel Cardona, García, Alexander García & Tumbrinck, Josef, 2019, Systematics and biogeography of the genus Scaria Bolívar, 1887 (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae: Batrachideinae), Zootaxa 4675 (1), pp. 1-65 : 42-45

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4675.1.1

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Scaria rafaeli Cadena-Castañeda, Mendes & Silva

sp. nov.

Scaria rafaeli Cadena-Castañeda, Mendes & Silva sp. nov.

( Figs. 24–25 View FIGURE 24 View FIGURE 25 ) Orthoptera

Type specimens. Holotype: ♂: Brazil, Amazonas, Careiro Castanho, BR-319, km 181, Sítio São Paulo, 15- 30.x.2016, 4°12’48”S– 60°49’04”W, J.A. Rafael leg. ( INPA). GoogleMaps

Paratypes: idem, 15–30.x.2016 (1♂ — INPA) ; idem, 16–31.xii.2016 (1♀ — INPA) ; idem, 15–28.ii.2017 (1♀ — INPA) ; idem, 10–24.iv.2017 (1♀ — INPA) ; idem, 18–31.xii.2016 (1♂ — INPA) ; idem, 9–21.xi.2016 (1♀ and 1♂ — CAUD) ; idem, 15–28.viii.2016 (1♀ — CAUD) ; idem, 5–17.x.2016 (1♀ — INPA) ; idem, Rondônia, Porto Velho, ESEC, Morro dos três irmãos, Agrovila , 9°0’9”S– 64°32’40”W, linha 17, 20.viii.2016, Sweeping, J.A. Rafael leg. (1♀ — INPA) GoogleMaps ; Rondônia, Candeas, Jamari, UHE Samuel , 8°56’57”S– 63°10’60”W, 17.viii.2016, Arm. Luz, D.M.M. Mendes, F.F. Xavier F°, A.A. Agudelo & J.A. Rafael leg. (♂ — CAUD) GoogleMaps .

Description. Male. Pronotal disc greenish-blue. Post-ocular stripe, stripe of the lateral lobes of the pronotum, tegmina, wings and dorsal portion of the thoracic and abdominal tergites black; face, lower half of the lateral lobes of the pronotum and thoracic and abdominal tergites yellowish white; legs light brown with a basal, black line in the lower margin of the hind femora ( Figs. 24A,B View FIGURE 24 ). Tegmina with a very small, yellowish-white subapical spot. ( Fig. 24C View FIGURE 24 ). Head moderately elongated, eyes globose and prominent, but not flaring towards the sides very much; frontal costa rounded in side view, in frontal view moderately divergent. Dorsal carina short, not reaching the fastigium; scutellum moderately expanded, rectangular ( Fig. 24B View FIGURE 24 ). Pronotum flat, low tectate, extending beyond the tip of the hind femora; mid line extending a little beyond the half lf the mid-pronotal disc; anterior spine stout, apically arcuate, ascendant to anterior edge ( Fig. 24D View FIGURE 24 ); lateral lobes of the pronotum wider than long; lateral shoulder carinae rounded and slightly prolonged ( Fig. 24C View FIGURE 24 ). Tegmina ovoid, covering the first abdominal tergite and with a small subapical spot ( Fig. 24C View FIGURE 24 ). Legs slender and elongate, fore femora with a little developed sulcation above; no apical spine; mid femora with a well-developed internal dorso apical spine; hind femora with a moderately developed pre-genicular spine. Abdomen. Subgenital plate longer than wide, ( Figs. 24 View FIGURE 24 E–G), a little upturned, almost subacute, penultimate sternite with no medial prolongation ( Fig. 24F View FIGURE 24 ), cylindrical cerci of similar thickness throughout and rounded tip ( Fig. 24G View FIGURE 24 ); epiproct triangular with a pointed tip ( Fig. 24E View FIGURE 24 ).

Female. Similar to the male in shape, color and size ( Figs. 25 View FIGURE 25 A–D). Subgenital plate rectangular, longer than wide, with a shallow “U”-shaped indentation. No conspicuous medial prolongation ( Fig. 25F View FIGURE 25 ). Ovipositor slender, 2.5 times longer than wide; cerci conical and thickened ( Fig. 25E, G View FIGURE 25 ).

Variation. The spot in the tegmina can vary in size from reduced to rather conspicuous and similar in shape to that of S. hamata .

Measurements: CFP: 15-14,2; PL: 14,6-13,7; PLB: 2,8-2,3; FF: 3,4-2,7; FL: 3,4-2,7; MFL: 3-2,8; MTL: 3,6- 2,8; HL: 7,8-6,2; HW: 2,2-1,9; HL: 6,9-5,3.

Distribution. Brazilian Amazon between the Amazonas and Rodonia states.

Etymology. This species is dedicated to its collector, Dr. José Albertino Rafael from the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Brazil, in recognition to his important contributions in the taxonomy of Neotropical insects.


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Entomological Society of Egypt