Apoaphelopus fisheri Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 592-594

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Apoaphelopus fisheri Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

sp. nov.

1. Apoaphelopus fisheri Olmi, Copeland & van Noort  , sp. nov.

( Figs 264CView FIGURE 264, 265View FIGURE 265)

Diagnosis. ♂ of Apoaphelopus  with POL about as long as OOL; notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.5 × length of mesoscutum.

Description. ♂ ( Fig. 265View FIGURE 265). Fully winged; length 0.7–1.1 mm. Head brown-testaceous, except mandible tes- taceous; antenna testaceous; mesosoma and metasoma testaceous; legs yellow-testaceous. Antenna filiform, very slender and long, shorter than body; antennomeres in following proportions: 5:2.5:2.5:2.5:2.5:2:2.5:2.5:2.5:3.5. Head ( Figs 265A, C, EView FIGURE 265) convex, subspheroidal, dull, granulate, finely setose; occiput very concave, unsculptured; frontal line absent; central area of frons with slight short median longitudinal furrow; occipital carina complete; POL = 2; OL = 1; OOL = 2; TL = 1; posterior ocelli touching occipital carina; temple very long, shorter than eye (1:3.5). Mesoscutum ( Figs 265A, CView FIGURE 265), mesoscutellum and metanotum shiny, completely unsculptured. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.5 × length of mesoscutum. Epicnemium exposed. Metapectal-propodeal disc and propodeal declivity shiny, almost completely unsculptured, slightly rugose on sides of metapectal-propodeal disc. Mesopleuron and metapleuron shiny, unsculptured. Forewing ( Fig. 265FView FIGURE 265) without pterostigma, with costal vein very thick; costal cell absent; 2r-rs&Rs vein present and not reaching margin of forewing; other veins of forewing absent, veins M and Cu being marked by dark stripes. Hind wing with costal vein absent, with two dark longitudinal median stripes. Basivolsella ( Fig. 264CView FIGURE 264) with distal process parallel to distivolsella. Palpi absent. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

♀. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: ♂ holotype (CASTYPE19447): MADAGASCAR: Mahajanga, Namoroka National Park, 16.9 km 317° NW Vilanandro, 16°24.4’S 45°18.6’E, 100 m, 12–16.XI.2002, MT, tropical dry forest, Fisher et al. leg., BLF 6581 ( CAS)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana, Manongarivo Special Reserve, 17.3 km 218° SW Antanambao , 14°01.3’S 48°25.1’E, 1580 m, 27.X.1998, B.L. Fisher #1970, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforestGoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC); Mahajanga, Beanka Forest Reserve , 50.7 km E Maintirano, 17°52.49’S 44°28.08’E, 140 m, 28–31.X.2009, tropical dry forest on tsingy, MT, B.L. Fisher et al. leg., BLF23001View MaterialsGoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC); Mahajanga, Beanka Forest Reserve , 50.2 km E Maintirano, 18°01.35’S 44°03.02’E, 250 m, 19–26.X.2009, tropical dry forest on tsingy, MT, B.L. Fisher et al. leg., BLF22787View MaterialsGoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( CAS); Mahajanga, Bemarivo Special Reserve , 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy, 16°55.30’S 44°22.06’E, 19–23.XI.2002, 30 m, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), in tropical dry forest, Fisher, Griswold et al. leg., BLF6693GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( CAS); Mahajanga, Namoroka National Park , 21–31.X.2016, MT, C. Villemant leg.  , 4♂♂ (3 in MNHN, 1 in MOLC); Toliara, Andohahela National Park, Ihazofotsy Parcelle III, 24°50.09’S 46°29.21’E, 80 m, 28.IV–6.V.2003, MT, dry spiny forest, M. Irwin, F. Parker & R. Harin’Hala leg., MA- 02-21-17GoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( CAS); Toliara, Makay Mts. , 21°13.11’S, 45°19.26’E, 500 m, 24.XI–12.XII.2010, MT, gallery forest, sandy soil, B.L. Fisher et al. leg., BLF25357View MaterialsGoogleMaps  , 1♂ ( MOLC)  .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Madagascar.

Etymology. The species is named after Brian L. Fisher, one of the collectors.

Remarks. Apoaphelopus fisheri  is the smallest known species of Dryinidae  .


California Academy of Sciences


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle