Gonatopus communis Olmi, 1984

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 493-495

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D375836-CCBA-473C-836F-6ABD44B4F881

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E987E2-FE43-2BA6-FF3E-D17EFEE5FE70

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatopus communis Olmi, 1984
status

 

70. Gonatopus communis Olmi, 1984 

( Figs 208CView FIGURE 208, 210DView FIGURE 210, 219View FIGURE 219 CView FIGURE 219)

Gonatopus communis Olmi 1984: 1610  ; 1994a: 74; Carcupino et al. 1996: 130; Olmi 1998c: 67; 2004a: 368; 2006: 48; Guglielmino & Olmi 2006: 46, 47, 48; 2007: 125; Olmi 2009b: 460; Azevedo et al. 2010: 895; Olmi et al. 2015: 364.

Description. ♀. Apterous; body length 2.9–3.1 mm. Head completely testaceous; occasionally head brown, except occiput, clypeus, mandible and anterior region of frons yellow; antenna yellow, except distal extremity slightly brownish; pronotum yellow or brown; mesoscutum yellow, except anterior margin black or brown; mesoscutellum, metapectal-propodeal disc and propodeal declivity yellow or reddish; in some specimens metapectal-propodeal disc yellow or reddish, with black or brown nuances on metanotum, mesoscutellum and metapleuron; mesopleuron yellow or reddish, occasionally with brown or black nuances; petiole black; metasoma brown-reddish or yellow; legs yellow; in some specimens club of profemur brownish. Head ( Fig. 208CView FIGURE 208) excavated, shiny, unsculptured; POL = 3; OL = 2.5; OOL = 12. Palpal formula 4/2 or 5/2. Pronotum crossed by strong transverse impression, shiny, bare, unsculptured. Mesoscutum dull, granulate, without lateral pointed apophyses. Metanotum slightly rugose. Metapectal-propodeal disc shiny, unsculptured; propodeal declivity transversely striate. Mesopleuron and metapleuron transversely striate. Meso-metapleural suture obsolete. Enlarged claw ( Fig. 210DView FIGURE 210) with one small subapical tooth and 3–5 peg-like setae or bristles. Protarsomere 5 ( Fig. 210DView FIGURE 210) with inner side proximally serrate (occasionally not serrate) and one row of 18–26 lamellae; apex with approximately 9–10 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/0/1.

♂. Fully winged; body length 1.1–1.4 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous; antenna brown; mesosoma black; metasoma brown; legs brown. Antenna filiform; antennomeres in following proportions: 3:4:6:5:5:5:5:5:5:7; third antennomere 3 × or more than 3 × as long as broad (6:2; 6:1.5). Head shiny, swollen, granulate and rugose; frontal line complete; occipital carina absent; POL = 5; OL = 2; OOL = 2.5; vertex with two oval smooth and shiny areas situated between lateral ocelli and eyes (areas anteriorly surrounded by more or less high carina). Palpal formula 5/2. Mesoscutum dull, granulate. Notauli complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between the lateral ocelli as long as greatest breadth of lateral ocelli (2:2). Mesoscutellum and metanotum shiny, punctate, unsculptured among punctures. Metapectal-propodeal disc dull, reticulate rugose, with areolae very small. Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; 2r-rs&Rs vein regularly curvilinear, with distal part longer than proximal part (15:5). Dorsal process of paramere ( Fig. 219CView FIGURE 219) slender. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO: Mt. Ruwenzori, Kiribata ( MRAC). Paratypes: SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape, Somerset East , 1–26.I.1937  , R.E. Turner leg., 1♀ ( NHMUK); Western Cape, Mossel Bay , 3.II.1939  , R.E. Turner leg., 1♀ ( NHMUK); same locality label, 30.XII.1938  , 1♀ ( NHMUK); same locality label  , 2♀♀ ( AMNH). TANZANIA: Zanzibar Island , Zanzibar, 16.III.1955  , L.F. Brown leg., 1♀ ( NHMUK). Other material: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO: Ituri Prov., Mongbwalu AGK camp, 01°56‘32.81‘‘N 30°02‘25.62‘‘E, 21-28.II.2015GoogleMaps  , 75 YPT, behind the former President Mobutu’s Doctor’s house, A. Gumovsky leg., 1♀ ( SIZK). ETHIOPIA: Kefa Province, Jima   , 1♀ ( DEUW). KENYA: West- ern Prov., Kakamega District, Kakamega Forest , 00°22.12‘N 34°51.48‘E, 1628 m, 5.V.2006GoogleMaps  , Manfred Kraemer & Co., 1♀ ( MTC). MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana, Montagne d’Ambre National Park , 12.2 km 211° SSW of Joffre- ville, 12°35.47‘S 49°9.34‘E, 1300 m, 2–7.II.2001GoogleMaps  , MT, montane rainforest, Fisher, Griswold et al. leg., BLF 2853, 1♀ ( CAS). MOZAMBIQUE: Maputo Prov., Maputo  , 3♀♀ ( AMNH); Maputo Prov., 3 km N of Umbeluzi   , 2♀♀ ( AMNH); Maputo Prov., 6 km N of Palmeira , C. 30.XI.1995  , B. 5.XII.1995, Sf. 21.XII.1995  , F. Finocchi reared from Cicadellid, 1♀ ( AMNH); same locality label, C. 11.IX.1996  , B. 14.IX.1996, SF. 10.XI.1996, M. Olmi reared from Cicadellid, 1♀ ( AMNH); Maputo Prov., along Palmeira-Macia road, 2 km E of Incomati River bridge, EN N. 1  , 2♀♀ ( AMNH); Nampula Prov., Nampula, M. Olmi reared from Cicadellid, C. 21.XI.1999  , B. 24.XI.1999, Sf. 16.XII.1999  , 1♀ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 21.XI.1999  , B. 23.XI.1999, Sf. 10.XII.1999  , 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 21.XI.1999  , B. 21.XI.1999, Sf. 24.XII.1999  , 1♂ ( MOLC); Zambézia, Gurué, C. 19.II.2011  , B. 21.II.2011, Sf. 10.III.2011  , M. Olmi reared from Balclutha saltuella (Kirschbaum)  , 1♀ ( MOLC). SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape, 16 km E of Port Elizabeth , S. George’s Strand  , 1♀ ( AMNH); Free State, Royal Natal National Park, 11 km E of Park Gate along Road from R74 to Park , grass along the road, C. 9.IV.2007  , B. 10.IV.2007, M. Olmi reared, 1♀ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 9.IV.2007  , B. 13.IV.2007, Sf. 2009, 1♀ ( MOLC); KwaZulu-Natal, Ver- non Crookes Nature Reserve , 30°17.4’ 30°36.9’E, 250 m, 18.II–18.III.2005  , MT, M. Mostovski leg., 1♀ ( NMSA); KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Drakensberg, The Ledges Guest Farm, along the road from R74 to Cavern Berg Resort , grass in front of the farm, C. 9.IV.2007  , B. 12.IV.2007, M. Olmi reared, 1♀ ( MOLC); Western Cape, Buffalo Bay , Goukamma Nature Reserve, C. 26.I.2003  , B. 28.I.2003, Sf. 19.II.2003  , M. Olmi reared from nymphs of Bonaspeia eriocephala (Cogan)  , 1♀ ( MOLC); Western Cape, near Lottering, Road 103-N2 E Junction, C. 28.I.2003  , B. 30.I.2003, Sf. 19.II.2003  . M. Olmi reared from adults of Platentomus sobrinus (Stål)  , 2♀♀ ( MOLC, SAMC); West- ern Cape, near George, N 12- Road to Montagu Pass junction, C. 25.I.2003  , B. 29.I.2003, Sf. 19.II.2003  , M. Olmi reared from Recilia lobata (Linnavuori)  , 1♀ ( MOLC); Western Cape, De Hoop Nature Reserve , near main office, 16.II.2006  , M. Olmi reared ex Recilia cotula (Cogan)  , 1♀, 2♂♂ ( MOLC)  , 1♀, 1♂ ( SAMC); Western Cape, West Coast National Park, Abrahamskraal Water Hole , M. Olmi reared from nymphs of unidentified Cicadellidae  , C. 4.IV.2007  , B. 6.IV.2007, 1♀ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 4.IV.2007  , B. 7.IV.2007, 1♂ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 4.IV.2007  , B. 8.IV.2007, 1♀ ( MOLC); same locality label, C. 4.IV.2007  , B. 10.IV.2007, 1♀ ( SAMC)  .

Hosts. Cicadellidae ( Guglielmino et al. 2013)  : in Mozambique: Balclutha saltuella (Kirschbaum)  ; in South Africa: Bonaspeia eriocephala (Cogan)  ; Deltocephalus cotulus (Cogan)  (= Recilia cotula (Cogan))  ; Exitianus taeniaticeps (Kirschbaum)  ; Maiestas angustisecta (Linnavuori)  ; Maiestas lobata (Linnavuori)  (= Recilia lobata (Linnavuori))  ; Platentomus sobrinus (Stål)  .

Distribution. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania.

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

SIZK

Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Liliopsida

Order

Alismatales

Family

Araceae

Genus

Gonatopus

Loc

Gonatopus communis Olmi, 1984

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van 2019
2019
Loc

Gonatopus communis

Azevedo, C. O. & Madl, M. & Olmi, M. 2010: 895
Olmi, M. 2009: 460
Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 2006: 46
Olmi, M. 2004: 368
Olmi, M. 1998: 67
Carcupino, M. & Guglielmino, A. & Mazzini M. & Olmi M. 1996: 130
Olmi, M. 1994: 74
Olmi, M. 1984: 1610