Dryinus Latreille, 1804

Olmi, Massimo, Copeland, Robert S. & Noort, Simon Van, 2019, Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 4630 (1), pp. 1-619: 302-303

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D375836-CCBA-473C-836F-6ABD44B4F881

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E987E2-FE82-2B66-FF3E-D010FE00F90D

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scientific name

Dryinus Latreille, 1804
status

 

9. Genus Dryinus Latreille, 1804 

Dryinus Latreille 1804: 176  ; 1805: 228; Haliday 1833: 273; Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1905: 69, partim; 1906: 497, partim; Richards 1935: 144; 1937: 118; 1939: 229; Olmi 1984: 728; 1991: 259; 1993b: 61; 1994: 63; 1995g: 5; 1999: 180; He & Xu 2002: 249; Virla & Olmi 2008: 370; Moya-Raygoza & Olmi 2010: 95; Lelej 2012: 397; Xu et al. 2013: 254; Olmi & Virla 2014: 214; Olmi & Xu 2015: 129; Olmi et al. 2016: 73.

Campylonyx Westwood 1835: 52  (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type species: Campylonyx ampuliciformis Westwood 1835  , by monotypy; Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1905: 84; Kieffer 1914b: 43.

Chelothelius Reinhard 1863: 409  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Chelothelius gryps Reinhard 1863  , by monotypy; Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1905: 125; Kieffer 1914b: 56; Berland 1928: 143; Olmi 1984: 604; 1993b: 61; 1993c: 47.

Paradryinus R. Perkins 1905: 53  (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type species: Paradryinus koebelei R. Perkins, 1905  , by original designation.

Chlorodryinus R. Perkins 1905: 57  (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type species: Chlorodryinus pallidus R. Perkins 1905  , by original designation.

Plastodryinus Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1906: 496  (synonymized by Móczár 1965); type species: Plastodryinus szepligetii (Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1906)  , by original designation.

Mesodryinus Kieffer in Kieffer & Marshall 1906: 497  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Mesodryinus niger (Kieffer 1904)  , by original designation; Kieffer 1914b: 29; Muesebeck & Walkley 1951: 1034; Krombein 1979: 1243; Olmi 1984: 1000; 1993b: 61; 1993c: 47.

Hesperodryinus R. Perkins 1907: 40  (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type species: Hesperodryinus arizonicus R. Perkins 1907  , by original designation; Krombein 1979: 1242.

Perodryinus R. Perkins 1907: 43  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Perodryinus amoenus R. Perkins 1907  , by monotypy; Kieffer 1914b: 48; Olmi 1984: 1033; 1993b: 61.

Lestodryinus Kieffer 1911a: 108  (new name for Dryinus Latreille, 1804  ; synonymized by Richards 1937); type species: Lestodryinus collaris ( Linnaeus 1767)  , by automatic designation (see Dryinus Latreille 1804  ); Kieffer 1913a: 189; 1914a: 90; 1914b: 20.

Tridryinus Kieffer 1913c: 325  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Tridryinus striaticeps ( Kieffer 1909)  , by original designation; Olmi 1984: 932; 1993b: 61.

Bocchoides Benoit 1954: 424  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Bocchoides bekilyensis Benoit 1954  , by monotypy; Olmi 1984: 601; 1993b: 61; 1993c: 47.

Richardsidryinus Móczár 1965: 376  (synonymized by Olmi 1991); type species: Richardsidryinus corsicus ( Marshall 1874)  , by original designation; Olmi 1984: 907; 1991: 259.

Avodryinus Ponomarenko 1981: 143  (synonymized by Olmi 1984, as synonym of Richardsidryinus Móczár 1965  ); type species: Avodryinus canadensis Ponomarenko 1981  , by monotypy and original designation.

Alphadryinus Olmi 1984: 973  (synonymized by Olmi 1993b); type species: Alphadryinus asiaticus Olmi 1984  , by original designation; Olmi 1990a: 137; 1993b: 61; 1993c: 47.

Type species. Dryinus collaris ( Linnaeus 1767)  (= Dryinus formicarius Latreille 1804  , by subsequent monotypy ( Latreille 1805)).

Diagnosis. ♀ ( Figs 117B, CView FIGURE 117); fully winged ( Figs 117B, CView FIGURE 117); occipital carina complete, or incomplete, or absent; palpal formula 6/3; mandible with 1–4 teeth; antenna usually with ADOs, rarely without; antenna without tufts of long setae ( Figs 117B, CView FIGURE 117); antennomere 3 usually less than 5 × as long as 2, occasionally more than 5 × (in this case, notauli often complete, then mesoscutum completely sculptured by numerous and parallel longitudinal keels); pronotal tubercle reaching or not reaching tegula; forewing with three cells enclosed by pigmented veins (C, R and 1Cu) ( Figs 117B, CView FIGURE 117); chela with rudimentary claw ( Fig. 126FView FIGURE 126); protarsomere 5 less than twice as broad as enlarged claw ( Fig. 119EView FIGURE 119); enlarged claw as long as, or shorter than protibia; tibial spurs 1/1/2, rarely 1/1/1. ♂ ( Figs 117DView FIGURE 117, 118AView FIGURE 118): fully winged ( Figs 117DView FIGURE 117, 118AView FIGURE 118); occipital carina complete or incomplete; mandible with 1–3 teeth; palpal formula 6/3; epicnemium visible, because lateral regions of prothorax not continuous with mesopleura ( Fig. 7DView FIGURE 7); mesosternum fused with mesopleura and not distinct; forewing with three cells enclosed by pigmented veins (C, R and 1Cu) ( Figs 117DView FIGURE 117, 118AView FIGURE 118); paramere without dorsal process ( Fig. 119DView FIGURE 119); tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Distribution. Worldwide.

Hosts. Acanaloniidae  , Cixiidae  , Dictyopharidae  , Flatidae  , Fulgoridae  , Issidae  , Lophopidae  , Ricaniidae  , Tropiduchidae  ( Guglielmino & Olmi 1997, 2006, 2007; Guglielmino et al. 2013).

World species. 295 species are known, 59 in the Afrotropical region, including two species incertae sedis.

Remarks. Larvae of Dryinus  were described by Abril-Ramírez (1992) and Guglielmino et al. (2015). Fossil species of Dryinus  were described by Ponomarenko (1981), Olmi (1995e), Olmi et al. (2011), Olmi & Guglielmino (2011), Guglielmino et al. (2018) and Perkovsky & Olmi (2018).

Dryinus  ♀♀ were divided for convenience by Olmi (1993b) into four groups on the basis of the characters detailed in the following key: