Maruca vitrata (Fabricius, 1787),

Bernard Landry, 2016, Taxonomic revision of the Spilomelinae (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae s. l.) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, Revue suisse de Zoologie 123 (2), pp. 315-399: 355

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.155309

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9ED8B8D5-ADA1-4B53-A1D3-0F75F889A179

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87B1-FF94-8207-7E64-FCE1FB11FEC9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Maruca vitrata (Fabricius, 1787)
status

 

Maruca vitrata (Fabricius, 1787) 

Figs 35View Figs 33 - 40, 113View Figs 113 - 115, 159View Figs 158 - 162

Phalaena vitrata Fabricius, 1787: 215  .

Maruca vitrata (Fabricius)  : Roque-Albelo & Landry, 2015.

Material examined: 1 of undetermined sex from the Galápagos Islands: – Isabela: Volcán Darwin, 900 m. Deposited in CDRS.

Diagnosis: The brown forewing background with a large satiny white patch bordered dark brown postmedially with two additional concolourous white patches anteriorly, along with the mostly white hindwing ( Fig. 35View Figs 33 - 40) are sufficient to separate this species from all other Spilomelinae of the Galápagos. Wingspan: 22-30 mm (n=77 MHNG specimens).

Biology: The larva is known to feed primarily on a variety of Fabaceae  such as crops like peanut ( Arachis hypogaea  L.), pigeon pea [ Cajanus cajan  (L.) Millsp.], hyacinth bean [ Lablab purpureus  (L.) Sweet], and common bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris  L.), but it has also been recorded from other plant families ( Robinson et al., 2014). The larva feeds on flowers, flower buds, and young pods. The species is a serious pest of grain legumes around the world ( Sharma, 1998). From the Galápagos the only available specimen was collected at light.

Distribution: Based on BMNH specimens as well as De Prins & De Prins (2015), Heppner (2003), Robinson et al. (1994), Shaffer et al. (1996) and Slamka (2013) the species is widespread around the world under tropical and subtropical climates. In the Galápagos it has been collected on Isabela.

Remarks: I was able to identify the Galápagos specimen from a photo received from Lazaro Roque- Albelo, in 2001, by comparing it with identified specimens in the BMNH. The specimen was collected in March 2000 by L. Roque-Albelo. The specimen illustrated here was collected in Ecuador, Pichincha Province, S 00° 01.253’, W 78° 46.600’, at about 1300 m in elevation ( MHNG).

CDRS

Invertebrate Collection

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Pyralidae

Genus

Maruca

Loc

Maruca vitrata (Fabricius, 1787)

Bernard Landry 2016
2016
Loc

Phalaena vitrata

Fabricius 1787: 215
1787