Herpetogramma phaeopteralis ( Guenée, 1854 ),

Bernard Landry, 2016, Taxonomic revision of the Spilomelinae (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae s. l.) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, Revue suisse de Zoologie 123 (2), pp. 315-399: 339

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.155309

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9ED8B8D5-ADA1-4B53-A1D3-0F75F889A179

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87B1-FFA4-8237-7FAE-F8E9FB50F834

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Herpetogramma phaeopteralis ( Guenée, 1854 )
status

 

Herpetogramma phaeopteralis ( Guenée, 1854) 

Figs 20, 21View Figs 17 - 24, 105View Figs 104 - 106, 151View Figs 148 - 152

Botys phaeopteralis Guenée, 1854: 349  .

Herpetogramma phaeopteralis (Guenée)  : Peck et al., 1998: 227. ‒ Causton et al., 2006: 141. ‒ Roque-Albelo & Landry, 2015.

Material examined

Type specimens: 2 ♀ syntypes without abdomen ( BMNH).

Other specimens: 17 ♂, 25 ♀, 17 of undetermined sex from the Galápagos Islands: – Fernandina: SW side, GPS: 815 m elev[ation]., S 00° 21.270’, W 91°35.341’; SW side, crater rim, GPS: 1341 m elev., S 00° 21.910’, W 91° 34.034’. – Floreana: Scalesias near Cerro Pajas, GPS: elev. 329 m, S 01° 17.743’, W 90° 27.111’. – Isabela: Alcedo, lado NE, camp arida alta, 200 m; Alcedo, lado NE, 400 m, camp pega-pega; ± 15 km N P[uer]to Villamil; Sierra Negra, Corazon Verde; NE slope Alcedo, Los Guayabillos camp, GPS: 869 m elev., S 00° 24.976’, W 91° 04.617’; Sierra Negra, pampa zone, 1000 m [elevation]; Alcedo, lado NE, 1100 m, cumbre, caseta Cayot. – San Cristóbal: near Loberia, sea level, GPS: S 00° 55.277’, W 89° 36.909’; near Loberia, sea level, GPS: elev. 14 m, S 00° 55.149’, W 89° 36.897’; 1 km S El Progreso; base of Cerro Pelado; La Toma, ca. 6.5 km east El Progreso, GPS: 299 m elev., S 00° 55.356’, W 89° 31.089’; vic[inity]. El Junco, ca. 700 m; pampa zone. – Santa Cruz: 2 km W Bella Vista; Finca Vilema, 2 km W Bella Vista; Media Luna, pampa zone. – Santiago: 200 m elev.; Aguacate [camp], 520 m elev.; Central [camp], 700 m elev.; Jaboncillo [camp], ± 850 m elev. Deposited in BMNH, CDRS, CNC, MCZ, and MHNG.

Diagnosis: This 18-22.5 mm wide species ( Figs 20, 21View Figs 17 - 24) can be difficult to separate from four other brown species in the Galápagos by virtue of their darker brown markings. The key below, which excludes the similarly coloured Beebea guglielmi  , because of its larger, 58-72 mm wingspan, should be sufficient for that purpose.

Biology: The recorded host plants are mostly Poaceae  , but also Amaranthaceae  and Polygonaceae  in the Western Hemisphere ( Robinson et al., 2014). Available Galápagos specimens were collected in all vegetation zones, up to the top of several islands, in anthropized as well as more natural habitats although at one time colonized by goats or other feral farm animals. Collecting dates are in January until May and November and December.

Distribution: Described from ‘toute l’Amérique méridionale’, this species is widespread across the Western Hemisphere from the USA (mostly in the south, but also as far north as Minnesota) to Argentina and across the West Indies ( BMNH specimens; Patterson et al., 2015). Elsewhere it is also reported from Africa ( De Prins & De Prins, 2015) as well as India and Sri Lanka ( Robinson et al., 2014). In the Galápagos the available specimens are from Fernandina, Floreana, Isabela, San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz, and Santiago.

CDRS

Invertebrate Collection

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Pyralidae

Genus

Herpetogramma

Loc

Herpetogramma phaeopteralis ( Guenée, 1854 )

Bernard Landry 2016
2016
Loc

Herpetogramma phaeopteralis (Guenée)

Causton C. E. & Peck S. B. & Sinclair B. J. & Roque-Albelo L. & Hodgson C. J. & Landry B. 2006: 141
Peck S. B. & Heraty J. & Landry B. & Sinclair B. J. 1998: 227
1998
Loc

Botys phaeopteralis Guenée, 1854 : 349

Guenee M. A. 1854: 349