Diaphania nitidalis (Stoll, 1781),

Bernard Landry, 2016, Taxonomic revision of the Spilomelinae (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae s. l.) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, Revue suisse de Zoologie 123 (2), pp. 315-399: 337

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.155309

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9ED8B8D5-ADA1-4B53-A1D3-0F75F889A179

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87B1-FFAA-8239-7E7F-FED8FF7BFAF0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Diaphania nitidalis (Stoll, 1781)
status

 

Diaphania nitidalis (Stoll, 1781) 

Figs 17View Figs 17 - 24, 102View Figs 101 - 103, 148View Figs 148 - 152

Phalaena  Pyralis nitidalis Stoll in Cramer & Stoll, 1781: 160  . Diaphania nitidalis (Cramer)  : Causton et al., 2006: 141. ‒

Roque-Albelo & Landry, 2015.

Material examined: 2 ♂ from the Galápagos Islands. – Santa Cruz: low agriculture zone, GPS: S 00°42.132’, W 90° 19.156’; Horneman Farm, 220 m. Deposited in CAS, MHNG.

Diagnosis: This species ( Fig. 17View Figs 17 - 24) is unlike any other in the Galápagos by virtue of its brown lustred purple forewing with a large pale yellow patch postmedially and the hindwing similarly coloured brown along the margin and pale yellow from base to beyond middle. The wingspan of the only spread Galápagos specimen is 29.5 mm.

Biology: Host records are various Cucurbitaceae  , for example in genera Citrullus  , Cucurbita  , Cucumis  , Luffa  , Momordica  , Sechium  and Sichana, but there is also one record in the Cactaceae ( Robinson et al., 2014)  . In the Galápagos the two specimens at hand were collected in the agriculture zone in February and March.

Distribution: This species is found widely in the Western Hemisphere, from the USA across the Americas South to Argentina and including the West Indies ( BMNH and MHNG specimens; Heppner, 2003; Robinson et al., 2014). From the Galápagos I have seen only specimens from Santa Cruz, but Causton et al. (2006) also report it from San Cristóbal.

Remark: I confirmed the identification of the Galápagos specimens with identified specimens in the BMNH.

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Family

Pyralidae

Genus

Diaphania

Loc

Diaphania nitidalis (Stoll, 1781)

Bernard Landry 2016
2016
Loc

Phalaena

Causton C. E. & Peck S. B. & Sinclair B. J. & Roque-Albelo L. & Hodgson C. J. & Landry B. 2006: 141
2006