Lepanus vestitus Matthews, 1974

Gunter, Nicole L. & Weir, Thomas A., 2019, Revision of Australian species of the dung beetle genus Lepanus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): description of 10 new species from the L. australis, L. monteithi, and L. villosus species groups, Zootaxa 4695 (3), pp. 201-252: 250-251

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Lepanus vestitus Matthews, 1974


Lepanus vestitus Matthews, 1974  

( Figs 16B, 16D, 16G View FIGURE 16 , 17C View FIGURE 17 , 18C View FIGURE 18 , 19C View FIGURE 19 )

Lepanus vestitus Matthews, 1974: 119   .

Types examined: Holotype: ♂ “Eungella N.P., Q., 25.iii.68, E. Matthews ” / “ Lepanus vestitus Det. 1972   M, E.G. Matthews, HOLOTYPE ” / “ HOLOTYPE ”/ “ ANIC database No. 25 057984”, in ANIC   . Paratypes: “Eungella N.P., Q., 25.iii.68, E. Matthews ” / “ Lepanus vestitus Det. 1972   , E.G. Matthews, PARATYPE ” / “ ANIC database No. 25 057985”, 1 specimen ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC   ).

Other material examined. 19 other specimens from 8 localities were also examined. Eungella National Park, off Eungella Dam Road 800 m site 2, 21°8’35”S, 148°29’49”E, 766 m, 15.xi.2013, N. Kimura, (25- 062500 1 specimen in QM); Eungella National Park , off Eungella Dam Road 800 m site 2, 21°8’35”S, 148°29’49”E, 766 m, 18. iii.2014, C.J. Burwell & C. Gely (25- 062499 1 specimen in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Eungella National Park off Dalrymple Road 800 m site 6, 21°7’16”S, 148°30’11”E, 808 m, 4.iv.2014, Nakamura, Mackie, Bennett, (25- 062496 1 specimen in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Eungella National Park QCAS, 800 m site 3 rep 1, 21°8’35”S, 148°29’42”E, 755 m, 13.iii.2013, Nakamura & Yoshida, (25- 062498 1 specimen in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Broken River , Eungella National Park, [148°31’0”E, 21°10’0”S], 700 m, 10–12.xi.1976, R.W. Taylor & T.A. Weir (25-055646 1 specimen in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Eungella , Sky Window, 21°8’42”S, 148°29’53”E, 14–15.iv.2011, G.B. Monteith (25-053867 also as COL1666, 25-053868 also as COL 1667 in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Macartney , Cathu State Forest, 20°49’57”S, 148°33’7”E, 28965, (T 107239 in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Crediton Creek , Site 1, 21°11’13”S, 148°31’26”E, 21.xii.1992 – 12.i.1993, (T107230–T107232, T83544 View Materials T 83545 View Materials in QM, T 107233 in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Crediton Creek , Site 2, 21°11’19”S, 148°32’15”E, 21.xii.1992 – 12.i.1993, (T107234–T 107237 in QM, T 107238 in ANIC) GoogleMaps   .

Description. Uniformly dark brown. Antennal clubs yellow to white.

Total length: 2.3–3.0 mm. Holotype measurements: Total length 2.7 mm, elytral width 1.4 mm.

Male. Head. Surface reticulate with dense, round punctures, each bearing a seta. Broad U-shaped between clypeal teeth that are short and not upturned. Genal angle rounded. Dorsal part of the eyes narrow, separated by an interocular space approximately 9–10 times the eye width (38: 4). Head 1.35 x wider than long (51:38).

Prothorax: Pronotal surface smooth and nitid, with fine punctures anteriorly and denser ocellate punctures posteriorly, all punctures round with setae. Punctures along the basal margin somewhat horseshoe shaped, differing from those on disc. Anterior angles about 90°. Basal margin slightly angulate. Hypomeral surface finely reticulate. Hypomeral stria about two thirds the length of hypomeron. Pronotum 1.7 x wider than long (88:52).

Elytra: Intervals more or less reticulate with fine meshes, each with a double row of straight, fine recumbent setae; striae appearing double and crenulating towards apex; a slight depression at base of stria 5. Elytra 1.05 x wider than long (106:100).

Legs: Protibiae with apical digit broad with a small spur, with a small comb of stout setae at inner apex. Metatibiae with a notch on the inner edge.

Abdomen: Pygidium reticulate, finely punctate and with setae. Abdominal ventrites reticulate right across.

Pterothorax: Medial lobe of metaventrite virtually impunctate, very finely reticulate and narrowly margined between the mesocoxae. Lateral lobe of metaventrite with horse-shoe shaped punctures. Meso-metaventral suture very slightly arched. Mesoventrite surface smooth and nitid. Mesepimeron very finely reticulate. Metanepisternum reticulate and punctate.

Hind wings: Fully developed.

Female. Metatibiae without a notch on inner edge, otherwise as per the L. villosus   species group.

Distribution. Known only from the Central Mackay Coast bioregion in rainforest around Eungella and Mount Maccartney at elevations of 700–800 m ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ). This species is probably a short range endemic.

Comments. All specimens were collected from berlesed litter or mushroom baited pitfall traps, however limited sampling has been conducted in the area. Specimens collected from Eungella (25-053867 and 25-053868) have been sequenced and included in phylogenetic analyses ( Gunter & Weir 2017; Gunter et al. 2019). It is recovered at the base of the monophyletic clade containing species in the L. villosus   species group.


Australian National Insect Collection


Queensland Museum














Lepanus vestitus Matthews, 1974

Gunter, Nicole L. & Weir, Thomas A. 2019

Lepanus vestitus

Matthews, E. G. 1974: 119