Macrobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1833

Kaczmarek, Łukasz, 2017, Annotated zoogeography of non-marine Tardigrada. Part IV: Africa, Zootaxa 4284 (1), pp. 1-74: 44-46

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4284.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1CD17B31-E3D0-4BFB-8B69-144D97949038

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED740D-323C-7E68-FF6B-FD6E6CA9FAD9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Macrobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1833
status

sensu lato

126. Macrobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1833  sensu lato [T]

M. hufelandii ( Richters) (Murray (1907a) 

MacRobiotus hufelandii Sch. ( Murray 1913) 

MacRobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze 1834  ( Rahm 1936, Teunissen 1938) MacRobiotus hufelandi S. Schultze. ( Pardi 1941) 

MacRobiotus hufelandii C.A.S. Schultze 1833  ( Rodriguez-Roda 1947)

MacRobiotus hufelandi C.A. Schultze 1834  (da Cunha & do Nascimento 1964) MacRobiotus hufelandii ( Iharos 1969a) 

MacRobiotus hufelandi Schultze, 1833  (Binda 1971, Pilato & Pennisi 1976, Binda & Pilato 1987, De Smet & Bafort 1990) MacRobiotus hufelandi Schultze  type eggs (Toftner at al. 1975)

MacRobiotus hufelandii Schultze ( Iharos 1978) 

MacRobiotus hufelandii Schultze, 1833  ( Haspeslagh 1982)

M. hufeRlandii ( Ramløv & Kristensen 1985)

MacRobiotus hufelandi Schultze, 1883  ( Séméria 1986)

MacRobiotus cf. hufelandi Schultze, 1833  ( Middleton 2003)

Terra typica  : Germany (Europe)

Algeria:

• 36°49′N, 05°47′E; 0 m asl: Jijel Province, Jijel, Les Aftis beach (Ziama Monsouria). Binda & Pilato (1987)

• 36°40′N, 04°36′E; 1,400 m asl: Tizi Ouzou Province, Akfadou Forest. Binda & Pilato (1987)GoogleMaps 

• 36°38′N, 05°45′E; 1,200 m asl: Jijel Province, M’Sid-Ech-Cheta (Texenna Pass). Binda & Pilato (1987)GoogleMaps 

• 36°28′N, 04°14′E; 1,700 m asl: Tizi Ouzou Province, Massif of Djurdjura (Assouille depression). Binda & Pilato (1987)GoogleMaps 

• 34°40′N, 06°11′E; 0 m asl: Biskra Province, 30 km from Biskra, El Oued [Zeribet el Oued]. Binda & Pilato (1987)

Angola:

• 07°47′S, 15°01′E; 650 m asl: Uíge Province, near Carmona [Uíge], Estate at Pumba Loge, mosses and lichens. da Cunha & do Nascimento (1964)

• 14°55′S, 13°30′E; 1,750 m: Huíla Province, surroundings of Sá da Bandeira [Lubango], mosses and lichens. da Cunha & do Nascimento (1964)GoogleMaps 

Botswana:

• 19°10′S, 23°25′E; 950 m asl: North West District, Moremi , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

Cameroon:

• 04°57′N, 09°56′E; 800 m asl: Littoral Region, Kongsamba [ Nkongsamba ], moss on tree. Iharos (1969a)GoogleMaps 

• 04°13′N, 09°10′E; 4,000 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, moss on lava and near fumaroles (80°C), moss on soil (2 samples). Iharos (1969a)

• 04°12′N, 09°12′E; 2,900–3,000 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, moss on tree and lava. Iharos (1969a)

• 04°11′N, 09°12′E; 1,900–1,950 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, primeval forest, above bothy No. 1, moss on trees and lava. Iharos (1969a)

• 04°11′N, 09°12′E; 1,950–2,050 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, S side, grassy lava field and the area of the timberline by trees and lava. Iharos (1969a)

• 04°10′N, 09°13′E; 1,300–1,500 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, rainforest, moss on tree. Iharos (1969a)

• 04°10′N, 09°13′E; 1,660–1,800 m asl: Southwest Region, Mount Cameroon National Park, Mount Cameroon, rainforest, moss on tree. Iharos (1969a)

Democratic Republic of Congo:

• 01°24′S, 29°15′E; 2,075 m asl: North Kivu Province, Albert National Park [Virunga National Park], Mushumangabo, Eastern slope of the volcano Nyamuragira, soil. Teunissen (1938)

Equatorial Guinea:

• 03°36′N, 08°46′E; 2,500 m asl: Fernando Póo [Bioko Island], Bioko Norte Province, Pico Basilé , mosses and liverworts between Lycopodium  sp. Rodriguez-Roda (1947)GoogleMaps 

• 03°36′N, 08°46′E; 2,500 m asl: Fernando Póo [Bioko Island], Bioko Norte Province, Pico Basilé, forest edge, lichen on trunk AgauRia salicifolia  ( Ericaceae  ). Rodriguez-Roda (1947)

• 03°35′N, 08°46′E; 3,000 m asl: Fernando Póo [Bioko Island], Bioko Norte Province, Pico Basilé, mosses on BlaeRia mani  [synonym of ERica silvatica (Engl.) Beentje  ] ( Ericaceae  ), and four samples of liverworts and mosses (5 samples). Rodriguez-Roda (1947)

• 03°25N, 08°34′E: Fernando Póo [Bioko Island], Bioko Sur Province, Balechá [nr. Bocoricho Ombori ], mosses. Rodriguez-Roda (1947) 

• 03°25N, 08°39′E; 600 m asl: Fernando Póo [Bioko Island], Bioko Sur Province, Musola [ Parador de Musola ], mosses on Ficus  sp. Rodriguez-Roda (1947) 

Ethiopia:

• 04°03′N, 38°19′E; 1,700 m asl: Oromia Region, Mēga, moss ( NeckeRa  sp.) on tree ( JunipeRus  pRoceRa) and former English residence, moss on tree ( JunipeRus  pRoceRa) Pardi (1941)

Israel and Palestinian National Authority:

• 32°52′N, 35°33′E; - 200 m asl: NW shore of Sea of Galilee, Tabgha, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 32°48′N, 35°32′E; - 100 m asl: W shore of Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias), Tiberias, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 32°46′N, 35°01′E; 450 m asl: Haifa, Carmel Mt. , extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

• 32°42′N, 35°18′E; 350 m asl: Judean Mountains, Nazareth, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 31°51′N, 35°25′E; - 100 m asl: near Jericho, St. George's Monastery, Wadi Qelt, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 31°48′N, 35°06′E; 700 m asl: Judean Mountains, Kiriath-Jearim [Kariathiarim], extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 31°48′N, 35°06′E; 700 m asl: Judean Mountains, Kiriath-Jearim [Kariathanavim], extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 31°48′N, 35°13′E; 800 m asl: Judean Mountains, Jerusalem, Tombs of the Sanhedrin [ Tombs of the Judges ], extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

• 31°47′N, 35°14′E; 750 m asl: Judean Mountains , Jerusalem, temples walls, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

• 31°47′N, 35°15′E; 800 m asl: Judean Mountains, Jerusalem, Olives Mt., Pater Noster church, Russians tower, wall of church, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

• 31°46′N, 35°14′E; 650 m asl: Judean Mountains, Jerusalem, Aceldama , rock, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

• 31°41′N, 35°10′E; 800 m asl: Judean Mountains, Solomon's Pools, extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)

• 31°46′N, 35°34′E; - 400 m asl: mouth of the Jordan River to Dead Sea , extreme arid, semi-arid or semi-humid climate, moss. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

Kenya:

• 00°01′S, 37°05′E; 1,950 m asl: Nyeri County, Mount Kenya National Park, Mount Kenya, Nanyuki River, vascular plants. De Smet & Bafort (1990)

• 00°01′S, 37°54′E: Undefined locality, British East Africa [ Kenya], moss. Murray (1913)

• 00°10′S, 37°18′E; 4,270 m asl: Nyeri County, Mount Kenya National Park, Mount Kenya, Teleki Tarn, small effluent and shallow pond, silt, sediments and sandy gravel. Haspeslagh (1982)

Lesotho:

• 29°19′S, 27°29′E; 1,550 m asl: Maseru District, Maseru, moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 29°38′S, 27°31′E; 1,750 m asl: Maseru District, Morija , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• Libya:

• 32°29′N, 20°50′E; 350 m asl: Marj District, Barce [Marj], moss. Pilato & Pennisi (1976)

Morocco:

• 33°31′N, 05°07′W; 1,650 m asl: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, Ras al Ma [Res el Ma], mosses on trees ( CedRus  ) and rocks. Séméria (1986)GoogleMaps 

• 33°04′N, 05°00′W; 2,000 m asl [2,100 m asl]: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, near Aguelmane de Si-Ali (Col du Zad) [Aguelmame Sidi Ali lake], scattered basalt blocks (lava field) lying on the shores of the lake, mosses on basalt blocks, mosses on basalt blocks. Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)

• 32°56′N, 05°40′W; 1,700 m asl [850 m asl]: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, Khénifra, moss. Binda (1971)

• 32°25′N, 05°13′W; 1,750 m asl: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, S of Azrou , cedar forest, moss on limestone boulders in the forest glade. Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)GoogleMaps 

• 31°06′N, 07°55′W; 2,300–2,500 m asl: Tadla-Azilal Region, path to the Jebel Toubkal , scattered tussock vegetation, moss on basalt and mica slate. Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)GoogleMaps 

• 30°43′N, 08°12′W; 700 m asl: Souss-Massa-Drâa Region, camp 10 km W of Aoulouz , arid area, scattered ARgania  - vegetation with sparse undergrowth of grass, moss on damp soil. Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)GoogleMaps 

Republic of South Africa:

• 23°50′S, 29°59′E; 1,450 m asl: N Transvaal [Limpopo Province], Woodbush [ Woodbush Forest Reserve]. Murray (1913)GoogleMaps 

• 26°52′S, 32°15′E; 50 m asl: Natal [KwaZulu-Natal Province], Ndumu [ Ndumo Game Reserve ]. Toftner at al. (1975)GoogleMaps 

• 29°44′S, 22°44′E: Undefined locality, Cape Colony [Cape Province]. Murray (1907a)

Rwanda:

• 01°32′S, 29°27′E; 2,400 m asl: Western Province, Albert National Park [Volcanoes National Park], Ilega, S side of Karisimbi volcano and NE of Lake N'Gondo, clearing with pools in a forest of bamboos ( HypeRicum  and Hagenia  ), soil. Teunissen (1938)

Tanzania:

• 03°14′S, 36°46′E; 3,650 m asl: Arusha Region, Meru Mountain. Toftner at al. (1975)

Tunisia:

• 36°46′N, 08°41′E; 700 m asl: Jendouba Governorate, surroundings of Ain Draham , moss on rock and moss and lichen on tree ( QueRcus  saubeR) (2 samples). Iharos (1978)GoogleMaps 

• 36°14′N, 08°46′E; 1,100 m asl: Kef Governorate, 6 km NE of El Kef, Kef Governorate, 6 km NE of El Kef, Djebel Eddir Mts., surroundings of Ferme Shitta , moss and lichen on rock. Iharos (1978)GoogleMaps 

• 36°08′N, 08°27′E; 400 m asl: Kef Governorate, along road from El Kef and Sakiet, below trees ( Pinus halepensis  and JunipeRus phoenicus  ), mixed moss and lichen sample. Iharos (1978)

• 36°07′N, 08°32′E; 450 m asl: Kef Governorate, along road from El Kef and Sakiet, 21 km W El Kef, strongly insolated area, lichen on soil. Iharos (1978)

• 35°52′N, 09°10′E; 850 m asl: Siliana Governorate, surroundings of Maktar , 2 km NW of the town, soil sample from base of Pinus pinsapo  mixed with roots. Iharos (1978)GoogleMaps 

Uganda:

• 01°22′N, 32°17′E: Undefined locality. Murray (1913)

Record numbers. Algeria: 5, Angola: 2, Botswana: 1, Cameroon: 7, Democratic Republic of Congo: 1, Equatorial Guinea: 5, Ethiopia: 2, Israel and Palestinian National Authority: 13, Kenya: 3, Lesotho: 2, Libya: 1, Morocco: 6, Republic of South Africa: 3, Rwanda: 1, Tanzania: 1, Tunisia: 5, Uganda: 1; total: 59.

Remarks. Taxa identified as Macrobiotus hufelandi  sensu lato have a cosmopolitan distribution ( McInnes 1994). However, this nominal species and all other hufelandi  group taxa require careful taxonomic analysis, including egg morphology, in order to properly differentiate the individual species (see Bertolani & Rebecchi 1993 for the review and for e.g. Pilato et al. 2003b, Kaczmarek & Michalczyk 2004c, Fontoura et al. 2008b, Bartels et al. 2009, Kaczmarek & Michalczyk 2009b, Guidetti et al. 2013 for new species within the group). These, particularly older, African reports citing the presence of M. hufelandi  , need re-assessment using modern integrated taxonomy.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Tardigrada

Class

Eutardigrada

Order

Parachela

Family

Macrobiotidae

Genus

Macrobiotus

Loc

Macrobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1833

Kaczmarek, Łukasz 2017

2017
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandii Schultze ( Iharos 1978 )

Schultze (Iharos 1978

1978
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandii (

Iharos 1969

1969
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandi S. Schultze. ( Pardi 1941 )

S. Schultze. (Pardi 1941

1941
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandii Sch. ( Murray 1913 )

Sch. (Murray 1913

1913
Loc

M. hufelandii (

Richters 1907

1907
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze 1834

C. A. S. Schultze 1834

1834
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandi C.A. Schultze 1834

C. A. S. Schultze 1834

1834
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandii C.A.S. Schultze 1833

C. A. S. Schultze 1833

1833
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandi

Schultze 1833

1833
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandi

Schultze 1833

1833
Loc

MacRobiotus hufelandii Schultze, 1833

C. A. S. Schultze 1833

1833
Loc

MacRobiotus cf. hufelandi

Schultze 1833

1833