Orobdella ijimai Oka, 1895

Nakano, Takafumi, 2011, Redescription of Orobdella ijimai (Hirudinida: Arhynchobdellida: Gastrostomobdellidae), and two new species of Orobdella from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, Zootaxa 2998, pp. 1-15 : 3-6

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.207870

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:685D1726-8F19-4E78-A9C0-2344846E85E0

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5691603

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED87ED-FFB4-FFB5-FF3A-FC1923FA1E56

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scientific name

Orobdella ijimai Oka, 1895
status

 

Orobdella ijimai Oka, 1895

( Figs. 2–4 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 )

Orobdella ijimai Oka (1895) : 284–285, pl. 28, figs. 2, 9–10, pl. 29, fig. B, pl. 30, figs. 2, 5–8; Oka (1910 a): 19 (in part); Oka (1910 b): 178 (in part); Oka (1935): 240; Oka & Nagao (1965): 574; Soós (1966): 376, 382, 397; Richardson (1971): 599 – 600; Lukin (1976): 466; Sawyer (1986): 680, 747.

Diagnosis. In life, dorsal surface yellowish green, ventral surface whitish yellow. Somite VII quadrannulate. Somites VIII–XXV complete sexannulate. Somite XXVI quadrannulate. Pharynx descending to XIII/XIV. Gastropore conspicuous at XIII b 2. Gastroporal duct muscular, bulbiform, tortuous at junction with gastropore. Male gonopore at XI c 12. Female gonopore inconspicuous at XIII b 2, behind gastropore. Gonopores separated by 1 / 2 + 7 + 1 / 2 annuli.

Type specimens. The ten specimens, which were used in the original description of O. ijimai ( Oka 1895) , are automatically considered the syntypes in accordance with the Article 73.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commisson on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). I surveyed leech collection at NSMT and UMUT (see Materials and Methods above), however, I could not find out any type series of O. ijimai .

According to the Art. 75.1 of the Code, a neotype should be designated when 1) no name-bearing type specimen is believed to be extant and 2) a name-bearing type is necessary to define the nominal taxon objectively (International Commisson on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). The nomenclatural status of Orobdella ijiami does not apply the condition 2) above, because its type locality is only one place, Nikko, Japan and I did not collect any other sexannulate Orobdella species from the type locality. As shown at the Example of the Art. 75.2 of the Code, a neotype designation for such species like O. ijimai would be invalid (International Commisson on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). Therefore, I have not designated a neotype for O. ijimai in this study.

Materials examined. A total of six specimens newly collected from around the Inarigawa Sand-tap Dams at the type locality, Nikko, Tochigi Pref., Japan by Takafumi Nakano. Four specimens collected on May 26, 2010: KUZ Z 108 (alt. 960 m, 36 ° 47´01˝N, 139 ° 34´54 ˝E), dissected; KUZ Z 109 (alt. 946 m, 36 ° 46´59 ˝N, 139 ° 34´55 ˝E); KUZ Z 110, dissected, and KUZ Z 111 (alt. 940 m, 36 ° 46´59 ˝N, 139 ° 34´56 ˝E). Two specimens collected on May 28, 2010: KUZ Z 112 (alt. 990 m, 36 ° 47´08˝N, 139 ° 34´54 ˝E); and KUZ Z 113, dissected (alt. 1014 m, 36 ° 47´13 ˝N, 139 ° 34´51 ˝E).

Emended description. Body firm, muscular, elongated, maximum BL 93.3 mm ( KUZ Z 111), maximum BW 6.3 mm ( KUZ Z 110) ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). Caudal sucker ventral, oval, its diameter slightly smaller than maximum body width ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 D). In life, color variable, generally dorsal surface yellowish green, ventral surface whitish yellow, dorsal surface darker than ventral surface. Color faded in preservative, without any dorsal dark lines.

Somite I completely merged with prostomium ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Somite II uniannulate, slightly separated from I ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Somite III biannulate, (a 1 + a 2)> a 3 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A) or uniannulate ( KUZ Z 110). Somite IV biannulate, (a 1 + a 2)> a 3 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Somite V biannulate, a 3 forming posterior margin of oral sucker ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A, B). Somites VI complete triannulate ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A, B). Somite VII complete quadrannulate. Somites VIII–XXV complete sexannulate, b 1 = b 2 = a 2 = b 5 = c 11 = c 12 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A–E, H), X b 5 the first annulus of the clitellum, XIII a 2 the last annulus of the clitellum ( KUZ Z 110). Somite XXVI quadrannulate, a 1 = a 2 = b 5> b 6, b 6 the last complete annulus on the venter ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C, D). Somite XXVII uniannulate or biannulate ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C). Anus behind XXVII ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C). Post-anal annulus absent ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C).

Anterior ganglionic mass in VI a 1 –a 3. Ganglion VII in a 2. Ganglia VIII–XXV in a 2 of each somite, except ganglion XIV in b 5 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H). Ganglion XXVI in a 1. Posterior ganglionic mass in XXVI b 5 and b 6.

Eyes three pairs, first pair dorsally on posterior margin of II, second and third pairs dorsolaterally on posterior margin of V (a 1 + a 2) ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Nephridiopores 17 pairs, ventrally at posterior margin of b 2 of each somite, at VIII– XXIV ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 B, E). Papillae numerous, minute, hardly visible, one row on every annulus.

Pharynx agnathous, euthylaematous, reaching to XIII/XIV. Crop tubular, acecate, reaching to XX c 11 /c 12 – XXI a 2 ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ). Gastropore conspicuous, ventral, at middle of XIII b 2 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 E, G). Gastroporal duct muscular, tortuous at junction with gastropore, bulbiform, joining with crop in XIV b 1 –b 2 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 F). Intestine tubular, acecate, reaching to XXIV a 2 /b 5 –c 11, one pair of undeveloped chambers at junction with crop or chamber absent ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ). Rectum tubular, thin-walled.

Male gonopore at the middle or posterior of XI c 12 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 E). Female gonopore at XIII b 2, inconspicuous, diagonally behind gastropore ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 G). Gonopores separated by 1 / 2 + 7 + 1 / 2 annuli ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 E). Testisacs multiple, two or three testisacs on each side in each annulus, in XVIII c 11 –XIX a 2 to XXV b 1 –b 5 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H). Epididymides in XVI b 5 /c 11 –c 11 /c 12 to XVIII c 11 –XIX a 2 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H). Ejaculatory bulbs absent. Ejaculatory ducts in XI b 5 to XVI b 5 /c 11 –c 11 /c 12, loosely coiled, widen gradually from each junction with epididymis, narrow at each junction with atrial cornu, then turning sharply inward toward atrial cornu without pre-atrial loop ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H–K). Atrial cornua in XI b 5 to c 12, muscular, nearly oviform ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H–K). Atrium short, muscular, globular in XI c 12 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 I–K). Ovisacs one pair, thin-walled, globular, in XIII a 2 to c 11 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H, L). Oviduct thin-walled, left oviduct crossing ventrally beneath nerve cord, both oviducts converging into common oviduct in XIII a 2 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H, L). Common oviduct thin-walled, short, directly descending to female gonopore ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 L).

Remarks. The original description of O. ijimai is accurate in the number of annuli, 1 / 2 + 7 + 1 / 2 annuli, between gonopores ( Oka 1895). This characteristic, possessing total 129 annuli and having complete sexannulate mid-body somites have been the key external features of O. ijimai . Characteristics of the specimens examined in this study were coincident with the above characteristics in the original description. Specimens newly collected from Nikko were thus identified as O. ijimai .

Oka (1895) and Soós (1966) treated O. ijimai without any reference to a gastroporal duct. But Orobdella ijimai has a conspicuous gastropore and bulbiform gastroporal duct ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 F, G). However, an inconspicuous female gonopore is distinguished beside a conspicuous gastropore only by a greater magnification. Therefore, a gastropore of O. ijimai is easily mistaken for a female gonopore.

Oka (1895) noted that this species had post-ceca. In the examined specimens of Orobdella ijimai , I could not establish any crop ceca or intestinal ceca. But the intestine has an undeveloped chamber at the junction with crop ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ). Therefore, the post-ceca in the original description by Oka (1895) might be those chambers as mentioned by Richardson (1975). The original description also noted that O. ijimai possesses the first pair of eyes on the anterior margin of III, the first pair of nephridiopores at IX b 2 and the last pair of nephridiopores at XXV b 2. However, the first pair of eyes is on the posterior margin of II ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A), the first pair of nephridiopores is at VIII b 2 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 B) and the last pair of nephridiopores is at XXIV b 2 in the examined specimens.

Distribution and ecology. Known from Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Japan ( Oka & Nagao 1965). Oka (1910 a; b) recorded O. ijimai from Amamioshima Island in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. However, the sexannulate Orobdella leech from that island is another species as described below. Leeches were found under rocks or fallen leaves.

NSMT

National Science Museum (Natural History)

UMUT

University Museum, University of Tokyo

KUZ

Zoological Collection of the Kyoto University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Clitellata

Order

Arhynchobdellida

Family

Gastrostomobdellidae

Genus

Orobdella

Loc

Orobdella ijimai Oka, 1895

Nakano, Takafumi 2011
2011
Loc

Orobdella ijimai

Sawyer 1986: 680
Lukin 1976: 466
Richardson 1971: 599
Soos 1966: 376
Oka 1965: 574
Oka 1935: 240
Oka 1910: 19
Oka 1910: 178
Oka 1895: 284
1895