Petalophthalmus Willemoës-Suhm, 1874

Wittmann, Karl J., 2020, Lophogastrida and Mysida (Crustacea) of the “ DIVA- 1 ” deep-sea expedition to the Angola Basin (SE-Atlantic), European Journal of Taxonomy 628, pp. 1-43: 6-7

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.628

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DFA628B3-900F-493E-98E4-C9B28CC7CDFD

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3806790

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F087F6-2A14-FF89-B293-FC74FE5821C3

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Petalophthalmus Willemoës-Suhm, 1874
status

 

Genus Petalophthalmus Willemoës-Suhm, 1874 

Petalophthalmus Willemoës-Suhm, 1874  : XIV [male only; females belong to Birsteiniamysis inermis ( Willemoës-Suhm, 1874)  ]

Petalophthalmus  – Willemoës-Suhm 1875: 43 (male only). — Perrier 1893: 1026. — Faxon 1895: 223. — Tattersall & Tattersall 1951: 120. — Pillai 1965: 1684 (partim). — O.S. Tattersall 1968: 273 (partim). — Panampunnayil 1982: 643 (partim). — Kathman et al. 1986: 214. — Bravo & Murano 1997 a: table 1. — San Vicente & Corbari 2015: fig. 8 (partim). — San Vicente 2017: 154. — Mees & Meland 2019 (in database).

Revised diagnosis

Petalophthalminae  with antennal scale setose all around; eyes not miniaturized, nonetheless cornea reduced, without or with some scattered visual elements, together not forming a compound sensory organ; anterior margin of carapace without pair of distinct submedian processes, rostrum present or absent; lacinia mobilis absent in one mandible, developed in the other one; pars centralis absent or reduced to one spine (tooth, digitus); thoracic endopods 3–4 reduced to 1–2 short segments; thoracic endopods 5–8 slender, with more than five segments; flagellum of thoracic exopods 3–8 with 13–21 segments; pleopods biramous in males, biramous or uniramous in females; telson large, subquadrangular, terminal margin truncate with or without slight emargination, terminal margin without or with two submedian groups of small teeth, in any case with 7–13 large, toothed spines, without setae.

Type species

Petalophthalmus armiger Willemoës-Suhm, 1875  .

Distribution of the species included

Petalophthalmus armiger  with panoceanic distribution, 56 ° N to 46° S, mesopelagic to abyssobenthic, 900–4572 m depth;

Petalophthalmus cristatus  sp. nov. from the SE-Atlantic, Angola Basin, depth Ĺ 5497 m; Petalophthalmus papilloculatus  San Vicente, Frutos & Cartes, 2014, from the NE-Atlantic, Galicia Bank off Iberian Peninsula, 1536 – 1809 m depth;

Petalophthalmus papuaensis  San Vicente & Corbari, 2015, from the tropical W-Pacific, Bismarck Sea, 800– 1065 m depth.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Mysida

Family

Petalophthalmidae

Loc

Petalophthalmus Willemoës-Suhm, 1874

Wittmann, Karl J. 2020
2020
Loc

Petalophthalmus

San Vicente C. 2017: 154
Kathman R. D. & Austin W. C. & Saltman J. C. & Fulton J. D. 1986: 214
Panampunnayil S. U. 1982: 643
Tattersall O. S. 1968: 273
Pillai N. K. 1965: 1684
Tattersall W. M. & Tattersall O. S. 1951: 120
Faxon W. 1895: 223
Perrier E. 1893: 1026
Willemoes-Suhm R. von 1875: 43