Cearagrylloides previstus Martins-Neto

Martins-Neto, Rafael Gioia & Tassi, Lara Vaz, 2009, The Orthoptera (Ensifera) from the Santana formation (Early Cretaceous, Northeast Brazil): A statistical and paleoecological approach, with description of new taxa, Zootaxa 2080, pp. 21-37: 28-29

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.187344



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Cearagrylloides previstus Martins-Neto

n. comb.

Cearagrylloides previstus Martins-Neto   , n. comb.

( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F)

1. Cearagryllus previstus Martins-Neto, 1999  

Holotype. RGMN-T021, Martins-Neto Collection, housed at Sociedade Brasileira de Paleoartropodologia, SBPr, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Locus and Stratum typicum. As for Notocearagryllus dutrae Martins-Neto.   Specimens included. Just the holotype.

Remarks. The wing venation remains unknown for this species, which differs from the others in the genus (females) in having a smaller body and ovipositor. The body is oval, about as long as wide. Some other differences, such as a wing length greater than the body length and about as long as the ovipositor, and the ovipositor length/body length ratio of around 1.20 are characteristics that sustain C. previstus   as a different species. It is interesting to note that in plotting body length x ovipositor length ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ) for the C. perforatorius   specimens, the trend line is straight. Including C. previstus   , the trend line curve remains straight (but would not for C. microcephalus   ). C. previstus   could be the direct ancestor of C. perforatorius   (or vice versa?) or sibling species both derived from an unknown common ancestor?. This presents an ecological problem (see further discussion below), a similar situation to that seen with two species of the Caelifera Cratoelcana   (see Martins-Neto, 1995).