Lomachaeta hicksi Mickel, 1936,

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P., 2019, Review of the genus Lomachaeta Mickel, 1936 (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) with new species and sex associations, Zootaxa 4564 (1), pp. 101-136: 113-118

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4564.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D0A9801B-8049-4211-A4A7-D7792B9D6936

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F187A0-7C0A-CD22-27B7-9C93FDA4FEC3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lomachaeta hicksi Mickel, 1936
status

 

Lomachaeta hicksi Mickel, 1936 

( Figs 24–26View FIGURES 21–26, 30–32View FIGURES 27–32, 43–46View FIGURES 41–46, 65View FIGURES 65–72)

Lomachaeta hicksi Mickel, 1936: 289  . Holotype, ♂, USA, California, Los Angeles Co. (UMSP). Pitts & Manley (2004): Hosts.

Lomachaeta coloradensis Mickel, 1936: 292  . Holotype, ♂, USA, Colorado, Boulder Co. (UMSP). Pitts & Manley (2004): Synonymy.

Lomachaeta punctinota Mickel, 1936: 293  . Holotype, ♂, USA, Illinois, Jackson Co. (INHS). Pitts & Manley (2004): Synonymy.

Lomachaeta minutula Mickel, 1936: 294  . Holotype, ♀, USA, Tennessee, Shelby Co. (USNM). Pitts & Manley: Synonymy.

Lomachaeta variegata Mickel, 1940: 128  . Holotype, ♂, USA, California, Riverdale Co. (CASC). Pitts & Manley (2004): Synonymy.

Lomachaeta formosula Mickel, 1940: 130  . Holotype, ♂, Mexico, Coahuila, Puerta de la Goriona (UMSP). Pitts & Manley: Synonymy.

Lomachaeta mickeli Manley & Deyrup, 1987: 132  . Holotype, ♂, USA, Florida, Highlands Co. (UMSP). Pitts & Manley (2004): Synonymy.

Diagnosis. MALE. The following combination of characters is diagnostic for L. hicksi  : the body is black, though T2–3 are often largely red-brown; the mandible has a ventral tooth basally; the mesoscutum is variably punctate, but never contiguously punctate throughout; the forewing has its veins encompassing the basal 0.8 × of the wing; the T1 shape is disciform; the head and T2 disc have separated punctures; the T2 fringe is composed of thick bristles; and the paramere is virtually straight and lacks elongate setae. Body length 3–6 mm.

FEMALE. This is a hugely variable species in color, setation, and punctation. The following characters are consistent to all L. hicksi  : the baso-ventral mandibular margin has a hyaline lamella; the pronotal spiracle is swollen, almost tuberculate; the lateral mesonotal tooth is usually distinct; the propodeal spiracle is sharply swollen and tuberculate; the lateral propodeal face is impunctate; the mesosoma is compact, with the thoracic dorsal length 0.85 × its width; the mesosomal dorsum is areolate without subparallel thickened setae, many intervals are either obliterated or raised to tuberculate corners; the T1 shape is sub-disciform, often with the dorsal and anterior faces separated by a weak carina; T2 has sparse punctures, mostly erect brachyplumose setae, and mostly smooth intervals; and the S6 lateral carina is low angular. Body length 2.5–5 mm.

Material examined. USA: Arizona, Coconino County, 3 mi S Sedona , reared, F. D. Parker (1♀, EMUS, Figs 25View FIGURES 21–26, 31View FIGURES 27–32)  ; California: Kern County, Short Canyon, 35.7093 o N 117.9112 o W, 1200m, 21–29.V.2008, M.E. Irwin, malaise trap (1♂, EMUS); Los Angeles County , Placentia County Park, Walker Ranch, 34.38 o N 118.44 o W, 8– 17.IX.1998, B.V. Brown, malaise trap (1♂, EMUS, Fig. 45View FIGURES 41–46); Riverside County : Palms Springs, Araby Wash, 33.750 o N 116.5319 o W, 538m, F.D. Parker and T.D. McIntyre, malaise trap: 14–21.IV.2015 (1♂, EMUS, Fig. 44View FIGURES 41–46); 21–28.IV.2015 (1♂, EMUS); 21–24.IV.2016 (1♂, CSCA); 17–21.V.2016 (1♂, CSCA); Riverside, 30.VI.1969, J.C. Hall, malaise trap (1♂, EMUS); San Diego County , 2 km SE Pine Valley near Laguna Summit, 32 ° 48.2’N 116°30.4’W, 1280m, 31.V–5.VI.2002, M.E. Irwin and F.D. Parker, malaise trap in sandy ravine (2♂, CSCA EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; Florida, Alachua County, additional data unavailable (1♂ 1♀, FSCA, Figs 24View FIGURES 21–26, 30View FIGURES 27–32, 43View FIGURES 41–46)  , Utah, Cache County, Logan Canyon #3, reared, F. D. Parker (1♀, EMUS, Figs 26View FIGURES 21–26, 32View FIGURES 27–32)  .

Distribution. This is the most widespread Nearctic mutillid species, ranging from the Atlantic to Pacific Oceans, North to Massachussetts and South to Florida ( USA) and Puebla ( Mexico).

Remarks. As one of the World’s most widely distributed mutillid species, L. hicksi  has the longest synonym list in this genus, belying its tremendous morphological variation. Although fewer females than males have been available to study, they also reveal high variation in color and punctation ( Figs 24–26View FIGURES 21–26). The mesosoma and metasoma each vary from nearly entirely pale orange to nearly black. The mesonotal areolations vary from broadly to tightly areolate, though when the mesonotal areolations are tightly spaced, there are fewer than 12 areolations between the pronotal spiracles and the propodeal areolations are much broader.

The males mentioned above in the Material Examined section are the first known to have orange femora, a trait that was apparently unique to males of L. cirrhomeris  . Males of L. cirrhomeris  , however, always have cuticle of the metasoma entirely black and contrasting with their orange femora ( Fig. 42View FIGURES 41–46), while these L. hicksi  from California have the metasoma predominantly orange and concolorous with the femora ( Fig. 44, 45View FIGURES 41–46). Pitts & Manley (2004) suggested that L. cirrhomeris  may eventually prove to be a synonymous color variant of L. hicksi  . These males lend additional credence to that hypothesis.

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mutillidae

Genus

Lomachaeta

Loc

Lomachaeta hicksi Mickel, 1936

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P. 2019
2019
Loc

Lomachaeta hicksi

Mickel, C. E. 1936: 289
Loc

Lomachaeta coloradensis

Mickel, C. E. 1936: 292
Loc

Lomachaeta punctinota

Mickel, C. E. 1936: 293
Loc

Lomachaeta minutula

Mickel, C. E. 1936: 294
Loc

Lomachaeta variegata

Mickel, C. E. 1940: 128
Loc

Lomachaeta formosula

Mickel, C. E. 1940: 130
Loc

Lomachaeta mickeli

Manley, D. G. & Deyrup, M. A. 1987: 132