Lomachaeta crocopinna Pitts & Manley, 2004,

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P., 2019, Review of the genus Lomachaeta Mickel, 1936 (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) with new species and sex associations, Zootaxa 4564 (1), pp. 101-136: 111

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Lomachaeta crocopinna Pitts & Manley, 2004


Lomachaeta crocopinna Pitts & Manley, 2004 

( Fig. 52View FIGURES 47–52)

Lomachaeta crocopinna Pitts & Manley, 2004: 10 View Cited Treatment   . Holotype, ♂, USA, Texas, Val Verde Co. (UMSP). Pitts & Manley (2004): Host.

Diagnosis. MALE. The following combination of characters is diagnostic for L. crocopinna  : the body is entirely black, except the metasoma is almost entirely orange; the mandible lacks a ventral tooth basally; the forewing has its veins encompassing the basal 0.65 × of the wing; the head, mesoscutum, and T2 disc have separated punctures; the T1 shape is sub-sessile; the T2 fringe is composed of slightly thickened setae; and the paramere is virtually straight, laterally subcompressed, and having long setae ventrally throughout its length. Body length 3–5 mm.

FEMALE. Unknown.

Material examined. MEXICO, Sonora: Alamos, Rancho Acosta , malaise in dry wash, tropical deciduous forest, 395 m, 27°01.57’N 106°55.37’W, 26.V–6.VI.2007, M. E. Irwin (1♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 3 km NE Alamos, La Huerta Orchard , 27°01’N 108°54’W, 19–24.[Month unknown].2008, M. E. Irwin & O. Figuero (2 ♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; USA, Arizona: Yavapal County, 11 mi W. Jerome, Reared, F. D. Parker (2♂, EMUS)  ; Yavapal County, Clarksdale , Reared, F. D. Parker (1♂, EMUS)  ; Coconino County, 7 mi S. Sedona, Reared, F. D. Parker (3♂, EMUS)  ; Gila County, 2 mi S. Pine, F. D. Parker (1♂, EMUS)  ; Pima County, 550m, Silver Reef Wash, 4 km E. Vaiva Vo ( Cockelburr ), Tat Momoli Mts. , malaise in wash, 32°39.06’N 111°54.47’W, 07–14.V.2006, M. E. Irwin (5♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; Maricopa County, Gila River, 10 km S. Arlington , malaise on sand flat, 200m, 33°13.30’N 112°45.53’W, 07–13.VI.2010, M. E. Irwin (1♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 4 km E. Vaiva Vo, Silver Reef Wash , 32°39.06’N 111°54.47’W, 550m, 1–7.V.2006, M. E. Irwin, malaise trap (1♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; Kitt Peak rd., Coyote Mts., 5 km S. jct. Hwy. 36 and 286, malaise in wash, 1300 m, 31°59.32’N 111°33.79’W, 2–12.V.2006, M. E. Irwin (1♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; New Mexico: Socorro , NWR [Natural Wildlife Resort] LTER [Long Term Ecological Reserve] site 1, 26.V.1992 (1♂, EMUS)  ; Texas, Culberson County, Choza Springs, Guadalupe Mountains , 1610 m, 8.IV.1996 (1♂, EMUS, Fig. 52View FIGURES 47–52)  ; Utah: Garfield County, Alvey Wash, 7 km S. Escalante , pan trap in dry wash, 1990 m, 37°42.5’N 111°37.8’W, 24– 25.V.2002, F. D. Parker & M. E. Irwin (2♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; Garfield County, Alvey Wash, 7 km S. Escalante , malaise in dry wash, 1990m, 37°42.5’N 111°37.8’W, 24–25.V.2002, M. E. Irwin & F. D. Parker (1♂, EMUS)GoogleMaps  .

Distribution. Known from the Arizona Mountains forests, Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Chihuahuan Desert in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas ( USA) and Sonora ( Mexico).

Remarks. This is the apparent sister species to L. ptilohyalus  ; the two species share similar coloration and genitalic morphology. The distribution of L. crocopinna  spans multiple ecoregions in the western USA and parallels that of Dilophotopsis concolor (Cresson)  . Wilson and Pitts (2008) described the distribution of D. concolor  and its sister species, D. paron (Cameron)  . Dilophotopsis paron  occurs in the Mojave and Sonoran deserts, as does L. ptilohyalus  . The parallel distributions of these sister-species pairs should be studied more closely, as they could shed light on historic events that impacted the biogeography of numerous velvet ants.














Lomachaeta crocopinna Pitts & Manley, 2004

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P. 2019