Lomachaeta chionothrix Pitts & Manley, 2004,

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P., 2019, Review of the genus Lomachaeta Mickel, 1936 (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) with new species and sex associations, Zootaxa 4564 (1), pp. 101-136: 109-111

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4564.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D0A9801B-8049-4211-A4A7-D7792B9D6936

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3510504

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F187A0-7C0E-CD39-27B7-9D6DFE4BFD6A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lomachaeta chionothrix Pitts & Manley, 2004
status

 

Lomachaeta chionothrix Pitts & Manley, 2004 

( Figs 21View FIGURES 21–26, 27View FIGURES 27–32, 41View FIGURES 41–46)

Lomachaeta chionothrix Pitts & Manley, 2004: 6  . Holotype, ♂, Guatemala, Zacapa, Rio Hondo (CNCI).

Diagnosis. MALE. The following combination of characters is diagnostic for L. chionothrix  : the body is entirely black; the mandible has a ventral tooth basally; the forewing has its veins encompassing the basal 0.7 of the wing; the mesoscutum is densely coarsely punctate; the T1 shape is disciform; the head and T2 disc have separated punctures; the T2 fringe is composed of thick bristles; and the paramere is virtually straight and lacks elongate setae. Body length 3.5–5 mm.

FEMALE. As in males, this species is similar to the variable L. hicksi  . Lomachaeta chionothrix  has tighter areolations on the head and mesosoma, with 13 areolations between the pronotal spiracles; and has T6 basally with dense long setae that are black basally and white apically. The following characters may also be useful for diagnosis: the baso-ventral mandibular margin has a weak hyaline lamella; the mesosoma is compact, with the thoracic dorsal length 0.85 × its width; the pronotal and propodeal spiracles are swollen and tuberculate; the lateral mesonotal tooth is undefined; the lateral propodeal face is impunctate; the mesosomal dorsum lacks subparallel thickened setae; the T1 shape is sub-disciform; T2 has sparse punctures, mostly erect brachyplumose setae, and mostly smooth intervals; the T2 fringe is composed of dense thick white setae; and the S6 lateral carina is shallow.

Description. FEMALE. (hitherto unrecognized, based on female from Jalisco). Body length 4.5 mm. Coloration. Body orange-brown except flagellum, mesosomal dorsum, legs, and T1 variegated with brown and metasomal segments 2–6 dark brown to black. Tibial spurs white. Erect dorsal brachyplumose setae on mesonotum, T2 disc, and T3–6 black-brown; remaining setae whitish. Fringe of T2 composed of dense subappressed thick white setae, fringes of T3–4 with sparse thick white setae. Head. Head width 1.1 × pronotal width. Frons, vertex and gena tightly areolate, all areolations complete. Clypeus without distinct teeth or ridges. Genal carina extending anteriorly nearly to hypostomal carina. Mandible oblique, tapering, bidentate apically, with weak ventral lamella basally. Antennal scrobe without dorsal carina. Length of F1 1.4 × pedicel; F2 length subequal to pedicel length. Mesosoma. the Mesosoma is compact, thoracic dorsal length 0.85 × width. Humeral carina distinct, rounded dorsally, not reaching epaulet. Mesosomal dorsum areolate; intervals clearly defined, some raised to form apparent tubercles; intervals slightly tighter anteriorly than posteriorly; dorsally with 13 areolations between pronotal spiracles. Pronotal and propodeal spiracles swollen, tuberculiform; lateral mesonotal tubercle undefined. Lateral propodeal face with a few nearly-complete areolations. Metasoma. T1 shape sub-disciform, punctate. T2 as long as wide. Disc of T2 with sparse oblique punctures, intervals mostly smooth. T3–5 and S2–5 with separated punctures, intervals smooth. T6 convex. Incomplete lateral S6 carina shallow but distinct.

Material examined. COSTA RICA, Guanacaste: EJN 14 km S Cañas, 14.III.1990, F. D. Parker (1♂, CSCA, Fig. 41View FIGURES 41–46); P.N. Barra Honda, 100m: III.1995 (1♂, MIUP); IV.1995 (1♂, MIUP), M. Reyes  . HONDURAS, Fco. Morazan, San Antonio de Oriente, El Zamorano , Malaise trap in coffee plantation, 25.II–6.III.1990, R. Cave (1♂, MIUP)  . MEXICO, Jalisco, Chamela , 10.VII.1989, J. G. Rozen (1♀, MIUP, Figs 21View FIGURES 21–26, 27View FIGURES 27–32)  . NICARAGUA, Granada, Volcan Mombacho, Santa Ana : 15.IV.1998 (1♂, MIUP); 15.V.1998 (1♂, MIUP), malaise trap, J. M. Maes  .

Distribution. Mexico (Nayarit and Jalisco) South to Costa Rica. First records for Honduras and Nicaragua.

Remarks. This species is closely related to the widespread L. hicksi  , differing in males by mesosomal punctation and genitalic differences only. Until now, this species is the only Lomachaeta  known from Central America and although 10 species are known from Mexico, only L. chionothrix  has been found in Jalisco.

Only two females have been observed from the northern Neotropical region: one from Costa Rica and one from Jalisco, Mexico. These females differ in significant structural features, especially the head and mesonotum punctation. The female from Jalisco was collected in Chamela, where L. chionothrix  males have been recorded ( Williams & Pitts 2009). This female is similar to L. hicksi  , differing mainly by its tighter mesosomal areolations. Lomachaeta chionothrix  males also have tighter mesosomal punctation than L. hicksi  . Morphological similarity to L. hicksi  and co-occurrence with L. chionothrix  males in Chamela supports the association of this female with L. chionothrix  . The female from Costa Rica cannot be differentiated from the newly associated L. hyphantria  females and is discussed below.

Lomachaeta cirrhomeris Pitts & Manley, 2004 

( Figs 22, 23View FIGURES 21–26, 28, 29View FIGURES 27–32, 42View FIGURES 41–46)

Lomachaeta cirrhomeris Pitts & Manley, 2004: 7 View Cited Treatment   . Holotype, ♂, USA, Arizona, Santa Cruz Co. (CNCI). Pitts & Manley (2004): Hosts.

Diagnosis. MALE. This species can be immediately recognized by the unique coloration, wherein the body is largely black, except the orange tegula and femora. The following characters are also useful for diagnosis: the head and mesosoma have coarse separated punctures; the mandible has a ventral tooth basally; the forewing has its veins encompassing the basal 0.7 × of the wing; the T1 shape is disciform; the T2 disc has separated punctures; the T2 fringe is composed of thickened bristles; and the paramere is straight and lacks elongate setae. Body length 4.5–6.5 mm.

FEMALE. This species can be recognized by the body color, which is entirely orange, including the legs and antennae, except T6 is blackish; and T3–5 are clothed mostly with black erect setae except for the dense thick silver setae of the T2 and sometimes T3 fringe. The following characters will also aid in diagnosis: the baso-ventral mandibular margin has a hyaline lamella; the head width is 1.1 × the mesosomal width; thoracic dorsal length 0.9 × its width; the pronotal spiracle is usually swollen and nearly tuberculate; the lateral mesonotal tooth is usually distinct; the propodeal spiracle is sharply swollen and tuberculate; the lateral propodeal face is impunctate; the mesosomal dorsum has about 10 areolations between the pronotal spiracles, many areolations have the intervals either obliterated or raised to tuberculate corners; the T1 shape is sub-sessile; T2 has sparse punctures and mostly smooth intervals; and the S6 lateral carina is low sub-triangular. Body length 2.5–4 mm.

Material examined. USA: Arizona: Maricopa County: Gila River, 10 km S. Arlington, malaise on sand beach, 200 m, 33°13.3’N 112°45.53’W, 25.V–03.VI.2010, M. E. Irwin (1♂, EMUS); Gila River , 8 km S. Arlington, malaise in opening nr. tamerisk, 200 m, 33°13.42’N 112°46.27’W, 7–13.VI.2010, M. E. Irwin (1♂, EMUS); Pima County , Tucson, 9.I.1939, J. Knull (1♀, EMUS, Figs 23View FIGURES 21–26, 29View FIGURES 27–32); additional data unavailable (1♂, FSCA, Fig. 42View FIGURES 41–46)GoogleMaps  ; California, Riverside County, San Timoteo Canyon , Malaise trap, 14.IX.1972, M. Wasbauer, A. Hardy (1♀, CSCA, Figs 22View FIGURES 21–26, 28View FIGURES 27–32)  .

Distribution. Widespread in the western Nearctic, including Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah ( USA) and Baja California and Baja California Sur ( Mexico).

Remarks. This species was placed in the L. hicksi  species-group ( Williams & Pitts 2009) with L. hicksi  and L. chionothrix  . Males in this species-group can be easily recognized because of the distinct ventral mandibular tooth. Females are more difficult to define, as the main diagnostic trait of males, the ventral mandibular tooth, is reduced to a subtle lamella in females. Additional traits for L. hicksi  species-group females (couplet 7 below), are more distinct in L. hicksi  and L. chionothrix  than in L. cirrhomeris  . If one were to mis-step at couplet seven, females of L. cirrhomeris  would key out to L. beadugrimi  , which can be recognized by having the T2 intervals microreticulate (mostly smooth in L. cirrhomeris  ) and T3–5 with interspersed silver and blackish erect setae (T3–5 setae mostly black in L. cirrhomeris  ).

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mutillidae

Genus

Lomachaeta

Loc

Lomachaeta chionothrix Pitts & Manley, 2004

Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A., Bartholomay, Pedro R., Luz, David R., Quintero, Diomedes & Pitts, James P. 2019
2019
Loc

Lomachaeta chionothrix

Pitts, J. P. & Manley, D. G. 2004: 6
Loc

Lomachaeta cirrhomeris

Pitts, J. P. & Manley, D. G. 2004: 7