ANURA Hogg, 1839

Savage, Jay M. & Bolaños, Federico, 2009, A checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: Additions and nomenclatural revisions, Zootaxa 2005, pp. 1-23: 3-10

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274674

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F2878C-FFCF-FF99-B7E6-FAB0FCBA0E8F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

ANURA Hogg, 1839
status

 

ORDER ANURA Hogg, 1839  14 F/ 39 + 3 *G (139) (136 + 3 *)

The following family was included in the Dendrobatidae  by Savage (2002). Grant et al. (2006) recognized it

as distinct from the latter family:

FAMILY AROMOBATIDAE Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel  , &

Wheeler, 2006, 1 G (1)

Allobates Zimmermann & Zimmermann, 1988  (1)

Grant et al. (2006) recognized Allobates  as distinct from Colostethu s. The following species was called Colostethu s talamancae  by Savage (2002): Allobates talamancae (Cope, 1875)  (381)

FAMILY BUFONIDAE J. E. Gray, 1825  5 G (17) Atelopus C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841  (3)

Atelopus chiriquiensis Shreve, 1936  (187)

Atelopus senex Taylor, 1952  (188)

Atelopus varius  ( Lichtenstein & von Martens, 1856) (189) Chaunus Wagler, 1828  (1)

Frost et al. (2006) recognized Chaunus  (type species by monotypy: Chaunus marmoratus Wagler, 1828  = Bufo granulosus Spix, 1824  ) and Rhinella Fitzinger, 1826  (type species by monotypy: Oxyrhynchus proboscideus Spix, 1824  ) as genera distinct from Bufo  . Chaparro, Pramuk and Gluesenkamp (2007) placed Chaunus  as a synonym of Rhinella  . Contrary to these authors implied statement that Chaunus  is nested within Rhinella  , this is not the case. Their phylogenetic tree shows that two monophyletic clades (sister groups) are subsumed within their concept of Rhinella  . One of these includes the marinus  , crucifer, and spinulosus groups and consitutes the genus Chaunus  as used here. The other, Rhinella  (sensu stricto), includes the margaritifer group of which Rhinella proboscidea  is a member and a number of additional South American subclades.

The following species was called Bufo marinus  in Savage (2002):

Chaunus marinus (Linné, 1758)  (199)

Crepidophryne Cope, 1889  (3)

The following species were included in Crepidophryne epiotica  by Savage (2002):

Crepidophryne chompipe Vaughan & Mendelson, 2007 

Crepidophryne epiotica (Cope, 1875)  (211)

Crepidophryne guanacaste Vaughan & Mendelson, 2007 

Incilius Cope, 1863  (9)

Frost et al. (2006) recognized Cranopsis Cope, 1875  as distinct from Bufo  . Inasmuch as Cranopsis  is a junior homonym, Frost, Grant and Mendelson (2006) applied the name Ollotis  to this genus. Unfortunately, the name Incilius Cope, 1863  (type species: Chilophryne conifera Cope, 1862  = Bufo coniferus Cope, 1862  by subsequent designation of Kellogg 1932) has priority over Ollotis  (D. R. Frost, pers. comm.).

The following species were included in Bufo  by Savage (2002):

The following species was included in Bufo melanochlorus  by Savage (2002) but was recognized as

distinct by O’Neill & Mendelson (2004):

Incilius ancoinae ( O’Neill & Mendelson, 2004) 

Incilius coccifer (Cope, 1866)  (203)

Incilius coniferus (Cope, 1862)  (207)

Incilius fastidiosus (Cope, 1875)  (195)

Incilius holdridgei (Taylor, 1952)  (196)

Incilius luetkenii (Boulenger, 1891)  (208)

Incilius melanochlorus (Cope, 1877)  (209)

Incilius periglenes  (Savage, “ 1966 ”, 1967) (202)

Incilius valliceps (Wiegmann, 1833)  (210)

Rhaebo Cope, 1862  (1)

Frost et al. (2006) recognized Rhaebo  as distinct from Bufo  .

The following species was called Bufo haematiticus  by Savage (2002):

Rhaebo haematiticus Cope, 1862  (198)

FAMILY CENTROLENIDAE Taylor, 1951  3 G (13) Centrolenella Noble, 1920  (2)

Centrolenella ilex Savage, 1967  (360)

Centrolenella prosoblepon (Boettger, 1892)  (361) Cochranella Taylor, 1959  (5)

Cochranella albomaculata (Taylor, 1949)  (365)

Cochranella euknemos (Savage & Starrett, 1967)  (363)

Cochranella granulosa (Taylor, 1949)  (363)

The following species was called Hyalinobatrachium pulveratum  by Savage (2002) but was transferred to Cochranella  by Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid (2006): Cochranella pulverata (W. Peters, 1873)  (368)

Cochranella spinosa (Taylor, 1949)  (365)

Hyalinobatrachium Ruiz and Lynch, 1991  (6)

Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi (Taylor, 1958)  (369)

Hyalinobatrachium colymbiphyllum (Taylor, 1949)  (370) Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (Boettger, 1893)  (371)

Hyalinobatrachium talamancae (Taylor, 1952)  (373)

Hyalinobatrachium valerioi (Dunn, 1931)  (374)

Hyalinobatrachium vireovittatum (Starrett & Savage, 1973)  (375)

Costa Rica members of the following family were referred to the family Leptodactylidae  by Savage (2002) but Frost et al. (2006) placed them in the Brachycephalidae  . Hedges et al. (2008) recognized them as distinct from both families.

FAMILY CRAUGASTORIDAE Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke, 2008  , 1G (28) Craugastor Cope, 1862  (28)

Crawford and Smith (2005) recognized Craugastor  as distinct from Eleutherodactylus  .

The following species were included in Eleutherodactylus  by Savage (2002):

Craugastor andi (Savage, 1974)  (237)

Craugastor angelicus (Savage, 1975)  (248)

Craugastor bransfordii  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (257)

Craugastor catalinae (Campbell & Savage, 2000)  (840)

Craugastor crassidigitus (Taylor, 1952)  (238)

Craugastor cuaquero (Savage, 1980)  (239)

Craugastor escoces (Savage, 1975)  (249)

Craugastor fitzingeri ( O. Schmidt, 1857)  (240)

Craugastor fleischmanni (Boettger, 1892)  (250)

Craugastor gollmeri (W. Peters, 1863)  (245)

Craugastor gulosus (Cope, 1875)  (253)

Craugastor megacephalus (Cope, 1875)  (254)

Craugastor melanostictus (Cope, 1875)  (241)

Craugastor mimus (Taylor, 1955)  (246)

Craugastor noblei (Barbour & Dunn, 1921)  (247)

Craugastor obesus (Barbour, 1928)  (840)

Craugastor persimilis (Barbour, 1926)  (258)

Craugastor phasma (Lips & Savage, 1996)  (242)

Craugastor podiciferus (Cope, 1875)  (259)

Craugastor polyptychus  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (260)

Craugastor ranoides  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (251)

Craugastor rayo (Savage & DeWeese, 1979)  (243)

Craugastor rhyacobatrachus (Campbell & Savage, 2000)  (840)

Craugastor rugosus (W. Peters, 1873)  (255)

Craugastor stejnegerianus (Cope, 1893)  (261)

Craugastor talamancae (Dunn, 1931)  (244)

Craugastor taurus (Taylor, 1958)  (252)

Craugastor underwoodi (Boulenger, 1896)  (262)

FAMILY DENDROBATIDAE Cope, 1865  (1850) 4 G (7)

Dendrobates Wagler, 1830  (1)

Dendrobates auratus  (Girard, “ 1854 ”, 1855) (383)

Oophaga Bauer, 1994  (2)

Grant et al. (2006) recognized Oophaga  as distinct from Dendrobates  . The following species were included in Dendrobates  by Savage (2002): Oophaga granulifera (Taylor, 1958)  (384)

Oophaga pumilio ( O. Schmidt, 1857)  (386)

Phyllobates C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841  (2)

Phyllobates lugubris ( O. Schmidt, 1857)  (388) Phyllobates vittatus (Cope, 1893)  (390)

Silverstoneia Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel  , & Wheeler, 2006,

(2)

Grant et al. (2006) recognized Silverstoneia  as distinct from Colostethu s. The following species were included in Colostethu s by Savage (2002): Silverstoneia flotator (Dunn, 1931)  (378)

Silverstoneia nubicola (Dunn, 1924)  (380)

Costa Rica members of the following family were referred to the family Leptodactylidae  by Savage (2002) but Frost et al. (2006) placed them in the Brachycephalidae  . Hedges et al. (2008) recognized them as distinct from both of these families.

FAMILY ELEUTHERODACTYLIDAE Lutz, 1954  1 + 1 G* (5) (4 + 1 *) Diasporus Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke (2008)  (4)

Heinicke et al. (2008) referred members of this genus to Pristimantis  but Hedges et al. (2008)

recognized Diasporus  as distinct from Eleutherodactylus  and Pristimantis  .

The following species were included in Eleutherodactylus  by Savage (2002):

Diasporus diastema (Cope, 1875)  (272)

Diasporus hylaeformis (Cope, 1875)  (273)

Diasporus tigrillo (Savage, 1997)  (274)

Diasporus vocator (Taylor, 1955)  (274)

Eleutherodactylus C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841  (1 *)

The following species does not seem to be established in the country:

* Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Barbour, 1914  (271)

The family status of the following is unsettled. Frost et al. (2006) assigned the genus to the Amphignathodontidae Boulenger, 1882  . Wiens et al. (2007) placed it into a more inclusive Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862  . We have taken a conservation position and follow the latter authors. FAMILY HEMIPHRACTIDAE Peters, 1862  1 G (1)

Gastrotheca Fitzinger, 1843  (1)

Gastrotheca cornuta (Boulenger, 1898)  (294)

FAMILY HYLIDAE Rafinesque, 1815  15 + 1 *G (42) (41 + 1 *) Subfamily HYLINAE Rafinesque, 1815 12 + 1 *G (36) (35 + 1 *) Anotheca H. M.Smith, 1939  (1)

Anotheca spinosa (Steindachner, 1864)  (295) Dendropsophus Fitzinger, 1843  (3)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Dendropsophus  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species were included in Hyla  by Savage (2002): Dendropsophus ebraccatus (Cope, 1874)  (313)

Dendropsophus microcephalus  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (316) Dendropsophus phlebodes (Stejneger, 1906)  (318)

Duellmanohyla Campbell & E. Smith, 1992  (3)

Duellmanohyla lythrodes (Savage, 1968)  (297)

Duellmanohyla rufioculis (Taylor, 1952)  (298)

Duellmanohyla uranochroa (Cope, 1875)  (299)

Ecnomiohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler, 2005  , new genus (2)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Ecnomiohyla  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species were included in Hyla  by Savage (2002): Ecnomiohyla fimbrimembra (Taylor, 1948)  (332) Ecnomiohyla miliaria  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (334)

Hyloscirtus W. Peters, 1882  (2)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Hyloscirtus  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species were included in Hyla  by Savage (2002): Hyloscirtus colymba (Dunn, 1931)  (306)

Hyloscirtus palmeri (Boulenger, 1908)  (307)

Hypsiboas Wagler, 1830  (2)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Hypsiboas  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species were included in Hyla  by Savage (2002): Hypsiboas rosenbergi (Boulenger, 1898)  (303)

Hypsiboas rufitelus (Fouquette, 1961)  (302)

Isthmohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler, 2005  (11)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Isthmohyla  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species were included in Hyla  by Savage (2002): Isthmohyla angustilineata (Taylor, 1952)  (327)

Isthmohyla calypsa (Lips, 1996)  (310)

Isthmohyla debilis (Taylor, 1952)  (320)

Isthmohyla lancasteri (Barbour, 1928)  (311)

Isthmohyla picadoi (Dunn, 1937)  (336)

Isthmohyla pictipes (Cope, 1875)  (321)

Isthmohyla pseudopuma (Günther, 1901)  (328)

Isthmohyla rivularis (Taylor, 1952)  (323)

Isthmohyla tica (Starrett, 1966)  (324)

Isthmohyla xanthosticta (Duellman, 1968)  (326) Isthmohyla zeteki (Gaige, 1929)  (337)

* Osteopilus Fitzinger, 1843  (1)

* Osteopilus septentrionalis (C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841)  (338)

Ptychohyla Taylor, 1944  (1)

Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Ptychohyla  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species was called Hyla legleri  by Savage (2002): Ptychohyla legleri (Taylor, 1958)  (331)

Scinax Wagler, 1830  (3)

Scinax boulengeri (Cope, 1887)  (343)

Scinax elaeochroa (Cope, 1875)  (345)

Scinax staufferi (Cope, 1865)  (346)

Smilisca Cope, 1865  (5)

Smilisca baudinii (C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841)  (349) Smilisca phaeota (Cope, 1862)  (351)

Smilisca puma  (Cope, “ 1884 ”, 1885) (352)

Smilisca sila Duellman & Trueb, 1966  (354)

Smilisca sordida (W. Peters, 1863)  (355)

Tlalocohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler, 2005  (1) Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Tlalocohyla  as distinct from Hyla  . The following species was called Hyla loquax  by Savage (2002): Tlalocohyla loquax (Gaige & Stuart, 1934)  (308) Trachycephalus Tschudi, 1838  (1)

Faivovich et al. (2005) synonymized Phrynohyas  with Trachycephalus  . The following species was called Phrynohyas venulosus  by Savage (2002): Trachycephalus venulosus (Laurenti, 1768)  (340) Subfamily PHYLLOMEDUSINAE  Günther, 1858 3 G (6) Agalychnis Cope, 1864  (4)

Agalychnis annae (Duellman. 1963)  (278)

Agalychnis callidryas (Cope, 1862)  (281)

Agalychnis saltator Taylor, 1955  (283)

Agalychnis spurrelli Boulenger, 1913  (285)

Cruziohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler, 2005  (1) Faivovich et al. (2005) recognized Cruziohyla  as distinct from Agalychnis  . The following species was called Agalychnis calcarifer  by Savage (2002): Cruziohyla calcarifer (Boulenger, 1902)  (279)

Hylomantis W. Peters  “ 1872 ”, 1873 (1)

Faviovich et al. (2005) recognized Hylomantis  as distinct from Phyllomedusa  . The following species was called Phyllomedusa lemur  by Savage (2002): Hylomantis lemur (Boulenger, 1882)  (286)

The members of the following family were included in the Leptodactylidae  by Savage (2002). Frost et al.

(2006) recognized it as distinct from the latter family.

FAMILY LEIUPERIDAE Bonaparte, 1850  1 G (1)

Engystomops Jiménez  de la Espada, 1872 (1)

Nascimento, Caramaschi, and Cruz (2005), recognized Engystomops  as distinct from Physalaemus  . The following species was called Physalaemus pustulosus  by Savage (2002): Engystomops pustulosus (Cope, 1864)  (224)

FAMILY LEPTODACTYLIDAE Werner, 1896  (1838) 1 G (5)

Leptodactylus Fitzinger, 1826  (5)

The following species was called Leptodactylus labialis  by Savage (2002). Heyer (2002) recognized it as a distinct species:

Leptodactylus fragilis (Brocchi, 1877)  (221)

The following species was called Leptodactylus bolivianus  by Savage (2002) but is recognized as a distinct species by W. R. Heyer (pers. comm.):

Leptodactylus insularum Barbour, 1906  (217)

Leptodactylus melanonotus  (Hallowell, “ 1860 ”, 1861) (215) Leptodactylus poecilochilus (Cope, 1862)  (222)

The following species was included in Leptodactylus pentadactylus  by Savage (2002): Leptodactylus savagei Heyer, 2005  (219)

FAMILY MICROHYLIDAE Günther, 1858  (1843) 3 G (3) Gastrophryne Fitzinger, 1843  (1)

Gastrophryne pictiventris  (Cope, “ 1885 ”, 1886) (393)

Hypopachus Keferstein, 1867  (1)

Hypopachus variolosus (Cope, 1866)  (394) Nelsonophryne Frost, 1987  (1)

Nelsonophryne aterrima (Günther, 1900)  (396)

FAMILY RANIDAE Rafinseque, 1814  1 G (6) (5 + 1 *)

Lithobates Fitzinger, 1843  (6) (5 + 1 *)

Frost et al. (2006) recognized Lithobates  as distinct from Rana  a result confirmed by Che et al. (2007). The following species does not seem to be established in the country: * Lithobates catesbeianus (Shaw, 1802)  , addition to fauna The following species were included in Rana  by Savage (2002): Lithobates forreri (Boulenger, 1883)  (399)

Lithobates taylori (H. M. Smith, 1959)  (400)

Lithobates vaillanti (Brocchi, 1877)  (402)

Lithobates vibicarius (Cope, 1894)  (403)

Lithobates warszewitschii ( O. Schmidt, 1857)  (404)

FAMILY RHINOPHRYNIDAE Günther  , “ 1858 ”, 1859 1 G (1) Rhinophrynus C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841  (1)

Rhinophrynus dorsalis C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841  (183)

Costa Rica members of the following family were referred to the family Leptodactylidae  by Savage (2002) but Frost et al. (2006) placed them in the Brachycephalidae  . Hedges et al. (2008) recognized them as distinct from both of these families.

STRABOMANTIDAE Hedges, Duellman & Henicke, 2008  , 2G (9) Pristimantis Jiménez  de la Espada, “ 1870 ”, 1871 (8)

Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges (2007) recognized Pristimantis  as distinct from both Craugator and Eleutherodactylus  .

The following species were included in Eleutherodactylus  by Savage (2002):

Pristimantis altae (Dunn, 1942)  (265)

Pristimantis caryophyllaceus (Barbour, 1928)  (266)

Pristimantis cerasinus (Cope, 1875)  (264)

Pristimantis cruentus (W. Peters, 1873)  (267)

Pristimantis gaigeae (Dunn, 1931)  (263)

Pristimantis moro (Savage, 1965)  (268)

Pristimantis pardalis (Barbour, 1928)  (269)

Pristimantis ridens (Cope, 1866)  (269)

Strabomantis Peters, 1863  (1)

Heinicke et al. (2006) recognized Lymnophis Jiménez de la Espada, “ 1870 ”, 1871 as distinct from Craugastor  and Eleutherodactylus  . Inasmuch as Limnophys  is a junior homonym, Hedges et al. (2008) applied the name Strabomantis  to this genus.

The following species was included in Eleutherodactylus  by Savage (2002): Strabomantis bufoniformis (Boulenger, 1896)  (256)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Asterales

Family

Asteraceae

Loc

ANURA Hogg, 1839

Savage, Jay M. & Bolaños, Federico 2009
2009
Loc

CRAUGASTORIDAE

Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke 2008
2008
Loc

Diasporus

Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke 2008
2008
Loc

STRABOMANTIDAE

Hedges, Duellman & Henicke 2008
2008
Loc

Crepidophryne chompipe

Vaughan & Mendelson 2007
2007
Loc

Crepidophryne guanacaste

Vaughan & Mendelson 2007
2007
Loc

Ecnomiohyla

Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler 2005
2005
Loc

Isthmohyla

Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler 2005
2005
Loc

Tlalocohyla

Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler 2005
2005
Loc

Cruziohyla

Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler 2005
2005
Loc

Incilius ancoinae ( O’Neill & Mendelson, 2004 )

O'Neill & Mendelson 2004
2004
Loc

ELEUTHERODACTYLIDAE

Lutz 1954
1954
Loc

Isthmohyla angustilineata

Taylor 1952
1952
Loc

Ecnomiohyla fimbrimembra

Taylor 1948
1948
Loc

Tlalocohyla loquax

Gaige & Stuart 1934
1934
Loc

Cruziohyla calcarifer

Boulenger 1902
1902
Loc

Crepidophryne epiotica

Cope 1875
1875
Loc

Incilius coccifer

Cope 1866
1866
Loc

Agalychnis

Cope 1864
1864
Loc

Incilius

Cope 1863
1863
Loc

Craugastor

Cope 1862
1862
Loc

Trachycephalus

Tschudi 1838
1838
Loc

Trachycephalus venulosus

Laurenti 1768
1768