Phanaeus haroldi Kirsch, 1871

Cárdenas-Bautista, Johann Stephens, Parada-Alfonso, Jenny Andrea & Carvajal‑Cogollo, Juan E., 2020, Dung beetles (Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae) of the Foothills-Andean Forest strip of Villavicencio, Colombia, Check List 16 (4), pp. 821-839 : 827

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.15560/16.4.821

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F2DE0C-A933-C029-FF5B-36BAFE1DE071

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Phanaeus haroldi Kirsch, 1871
status

 

Phanaeus haroldi Kirsch, 1871

Materials examined. COLOMBIA • 1♂, 20.49 mm (mean); Meta, Villavicencio, Vereda Buenavista, “El Porvenir” Farm ; 04°08′38.74″N, 073°41′05.29″W; 1172 m a.s.l.; 25 Apr. 2019; Cárdenas Johann and Parada Jenny leg.; wooded pasture; Bvpat 7; UPTC- In-00035 GoogleMaps . • 2, 20.49 mm (mean); Meta, Villavicencio, Vereda Buenavista, “El Triunfo” Farm ; 04°08′44.51″N, 073°41′11.35″W; 1179 m a.s.l.; 23 Dec. 2018; Cárdenas Johann and Parada Jenny leg.; open pasture; Bvplt8; UPTC-In-00036 GoogleMaps . • 1, 20.49 mm (mean); Meta, Villavi- cencio, Vereda El Carmen, Caño Blanco–Caño Buque ; 04°08′20.61″N, 073°40′05.71″W; 751 m a.s.l.; 16 Feb. 2019; Cárdenas Johann and Parada Jenny leg.; riparian forest; Crbrt7; UPTC-In-00037 GoogleMaps .

Identification. This species can be distinguished from other Phanaeus species by the large cephalic horn of the male that is erect, slender, and not distinctly swollen on the posterior side; the large pronotal horns of the male are curved anterodorsally, separated by an oval concavity whose posterior margin is weakly and broadly raised transversely; the anteromedial pronotal concavity of female is flanked by a pair of dorsally directed, apically convergent, blade-like projections (tooth-like in small individuals) ( Edmonds and Zídek 2012).

Distribution. In Colombia it has been recorded in Boyacá, Caquetá, Casanare, Guaviare, Huila, Meta and Putumayo ( Medina et al. 2001; Medina and Pulido 2009; Noriega et al. 2009), between 50–600 m a.s.l. It is distributed both in the humid montane forest and in the foothills of the Eastern Cordillera. In the study area, this rare species (44 individuals) was observed between 700–1000 m a.s.l. The beetles were found in wide areas of open pasture (16 individuals), wooded pasture (25 individuals) and in the riparian forest relics (three individuals).

Sulcophanaeus Olsoufieff, 1924

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Phanaeus