Wingstrandarctus Kristensen, 1984, Kristensen, 1984

Jørgensen, Aslak, Boesgaard, Tom M., Møbjerg, Nadja & Kristensen, Reinhardt M., 2014, The tardigrade fauna of Australian marine caves: With descriptions of nine new species of Arthrotardigrada, Zootaxa 3802 (4), pp. 401-443: 416

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Wingstrandarctus Kristensen, 1984


Genus Wingstrandarctus Kristensen, 1984  

Diagnosis (following Kristensen 1984): Alae present in all stages except for Halechiniscus   - type two-clawed larvae, without procuticular hooks or expansions. Unci simple or with a calcar externum; uncus externus formed from a single piece; uncus internus with accessory spine. Hook-shaped pedunculae present on digitus externus. With two, three or no cephalic vesicles containing bacteria. Seminal receptacles and spermatozoa of the florarctid type. Segmental glands and unicellular epidermal glands present in all segments.

Type species: Wingstrandarctus corallinus Kristensen, 1984   .

Additional species: W. intermedius ( Renaud-Mornant, 1967)   and W. crypticus Renaud-Mornant, 1989   .

Remarks. The genus Wingstrandarctus   was described by Kristensen (1984) from sediment samples taken along the coastline of One Tree Island, Queensland, Australia at a depth of 2 meters. Apart from the new species of Wingstrandarctus   several species of the closely related genus Florarctus   were found in the fine coral sand. Since the description of W. corallinus   several known but undescribed species of Wingstrandarctus   have been found in so different areas as Tromsø, Norway and the Faroe Bank (North Atlantic Ocean), the Mediterranean Sea and in various tropical seas (R.M. Kristensen pers. obs.). Apart from the type species W. corallinus   the genus consist of W. crypticus   and W. intermedius   . Both species were found in coralline sediment from New Caledonia in the south Pacific ( Renaud-Mornant 1989). Wingstrandarctus intermedius   was first described as Halechiniscus intermedius   (see Renaud-Mornant 1967). Features like the lack of procuticular expansion supports found in the ala of most Florarctus   allowed Kristensen (1984) to include it as a member of the genus Wingstrandarctus   . In most species of Wingstrandarctus   and Florarctus   the cuticular expansions (alae) are so thin that they are easily overlooked in conventional light microscopy. Although there are only four lateral alae, there appear to be 6, because the first lateral ala is subdivided by a large fold or constriction just anterior to the second pair of legs. All alae are transparent with a fine punctuation. The punctuation represents the pillars inside two layers of outer epicuticle. The tiny pillars are oriented dorsoventrally. This position of pillars is very different from the lateral arrangement of the long pillars in the alae of Actinarctus   or Raiarctus   .