Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell),

Unruh, Corinne M., 2008, A taxonomic review of the Crypticerya species (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Monophlebidae) of the southwestern United States and Mexico, including description of a new species from Baja California, Zootaxa 1759, pp. 1-42: 33-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.181898

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F4CC68-FFF3-5E24-FF1D-61F86F97D574

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)
status

 

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell) 

( Figs 17View FIGURE 17, 18View FIGURE 18)

Description of adult female (based on lectotype of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi  , lectotype of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae  , 3 paralectotypes of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi  , 1 non-type ad Ψ)

In life. Adult female subglobose, denuded of wax, body appears dark pink to dark purple; legs, eyes and antennae black; dorsal surface thinly covered with white mealy secretion; tufts of wax forming middorsal and marginal longitudinal rows; ventral surface covered with thin white waxy secretion, especially around marsupial opening (adapted from Cockerell, 1896).

Slide-mounted specimens. Body elliptical, 4.2–5.7 mm long, 3.5–4.4 mm wide (lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi  5.7 mm long, 4.4 mm wide; lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae  5.5 mm long, 4.0 mm wide). Antennae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 A) 11 segmented, 810–1220 µm long, apical segment 130–180 µm long, 60–75 µm wide; hair-like setae up to 240 µm long. Eyes 120–170 µm wide. Clypeolabral shield 550 µm long, 300 µm wide; labium 300–450 µm long, 300–350 µm wide. Hindlegs ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 F) 1780–2240 µm long, trochanter+femur 650–770 µm long, tibia+tarsus 810–1070 µm long; setae on leg segments 90–155 µm long, spine-like setae 25–65 µm long; distal trochanteral setae 290–300 µm long; claw digitules acute, 45–50 µm long. Mesothoracic spiracles each 175–220 µm long, atrium 100–190 µm wide; metathoracic spiracles each 200–320 µm long, atrium 155–220 µm wide; multilocular pores in cluster of 6–8 near opening of thoracic spiracles. Marsupium present, marsupial band shaped as for genus, formed by sparse hair-like setae and simple multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 D, E) forming band about 4–6 pores wide, each pore 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular or trilocular centre and 6–12 outer loculi. Vulvar opening surrounded by hair-like setae and typical multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 I), each 13–15 µm in diameter, with bilocular centre and 8–12 (mostly 10) outer loculi. Cicatrices round to hourglass shaped, numbering 3, centre cicatrix 158–300 µm long, 83–175 µm wide; lateral cicatrices 88–230 µm long, 63–170 µm wide. Abdominal spiracles ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 H) each with atrium 28–40 µm in diameter. Anal ring 123–170 µm wide; anal opening surrounded by typical multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 J) and robust hair-like setae.

Dorsum. Hair-like setae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 M) 50–250 µm long, distributed as for genus. Flagellate setae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 C) 30–55 µm long, distributed as for genus. Multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 D, E), each 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular (sometimes trilocular) centre and 6–12 outer loculi, forming medial, submedial and submarginal longitudinal rows; similar smaller pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 L), each 9–11 µm in diameter, with bilocular (sometimes trilocular) centre and 6–9 outer loculi, scattered on rest of derm.

Venter. Hair-like setae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 M) 40–300 µm long, distributed as for genus; longest setae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 K), up to 500 µm long, forming clusters on margins and between antennae. Flagellate setae ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 C) 30–55 µm long, distributed as for genus. Simple multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 D, E), each 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular or trilocular (sometimes quadrilocular) centre and 8–12 outer loculi, forming marginal clusters on each body segment and scattered on margins to submargins of head and thorax, and also across abdomen; pores with a bilocular center only, not present in clusters. Simple multilocular pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 B), each 8–9 µm in diameter, with bilocular centre and 5–8 outer loculi and appearing slightly bluish when stained, scattered medially to submedially on head and thorax; similar pores ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 G), each 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular centre and 4–8 outer loculi and also resembling vulvar pores, scattered within marsupium.

Description of first-instar nymph (based on 5 paralectotypes of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi  )

Slide-mounted specimens. Body elliptical, 750–910 µm long, 500–630 µm wide. Antennae 320–390 µm long, apical segment 100–130 µm long, 40–45 µm wide; hair-like setae up to 145 µm long. Eyes 50–55 µm wide. Clypeolabral shield 170–175 µm long, 130–170 µm wide. Labium 100–113 µm long, 105–133 µm wide. Hindlegs 516–620 µm long; distal trochanteral setae 75–120 µm long; claw digitules 25–30 µm long. Thoracic spiracles each 53–70 µm long; atrial opening 28–55 µm wide. Cicatrix 23–25 µm in diameter. Abdominal spiracles ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 C) as for genus. Anal tube ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 D) 80–85 µm long, 25–35 µm wide at opening; 6 multilocular pores inside anal tube, each 5–6 µm in diameter.

Dorsum. Shape and distribution of pores as for genus, except each abdominal segment lacking a submarginal pore, but with one submedial pore and one medial pore. Distribution of hair-like setae ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 E) and flagellate setae ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 A) as for genus. Long hair-like setae 45–65 µm long. Short hair-like setae 18–35 µm long; long marginal setae 95–175 µm long. Flagellate setae 40–55 µm long. Multilocular pores ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 F), each 9–10 µm in diameter on head and thorax, but each 8–9 µm in diameter on abdomen.

Venter. Shape and distribution of setae and pores as for genus. Hair-like setae ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 E) 18–30 µm long; long hair-like setae at abdominal apex 240–475 µm long, in two pairs. Flagellate setae ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 A) 40–55 µm long. Multilocular pores ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 B), each 7–8 µm in diameter on head and thorax, but each 6–8 µm in diameter on abdomen.

Type data. Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi  : U.S.A., NM, Mescalero Reservation, a short distance below the Agency, at base of stems of Gutierrezia sarothrae  , 2.x. 1896 (Cockerell). Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae  : U.S.A., NM, Mesilla Park, ex Pluchea borealis  , 8.x. 1896 (Townsend).

Type material examined. Lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi  (designated by Unruh & Gullan, 2008 b): ad Ψ ( USNM). Paralectotypes: 3 ad ΨΨ, ca. 50 first-instar nymphs, dry material ( USNM); ad Ψ, 11 first-instar nymphs (BME). Lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae  (designated by Unruh & Gullan, 2008 b): ad Ψ ( USNM). Paralectotypes: 2 ad ΨΨ, 21 first-instar nymphs ( USNM).

Other material examined. U.S.A., NM: ad Ψ, Otero County, Sacramento Mountains, just outside Oliver Lee State Park, Dog Canyon, 32 44 ’N, 105 55 ’W, 1319 m, ex Gutierrezia  sp., 7.vi. 2004 (C.M. Unruh) (BME); ad Ψ, Jornada Experimental Range Headquarters, 32 36 ’N, 106 44 ’W, 1311 m, 3.vi. 2004 (C.M. Unruh & R.L. Unruh) (BME, same collection as CMU 070).

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CMU

Chiang Mai University