Coelotes acicularis, Wang, Xin-Ping, Griswold, Charles E. & Ubick, Darrell, 2009

Wang, Xin-Ping, Griswold, Charles E. & Ubick, Darrell, 2009, On the pseudoterrestris species group of the spider genus Coelotes (Araneae, Amaurobiidae), Zootaxa 2313, pp. 1-34: 4-9

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.191946

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F5879A-3B5D-C237-FF00-3983EF8AFC2A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Coelotes acicularis
status

sp. nov.

Coelotes acicularis  sp. nov.

Figs 1–26View FIGURES 1 – 2View FIGURES 3 – 4View FIGURES 5 – 9View FIGURES 10 – 15View FIGURES 16 – 18View FIGURES 19 – 26; 154

Material examined: Holotype. CHINA: Yunnan: 3, Baoshan Prefecture, Luoshuidong, 28 air km E TengChong, N 24 ° 57 ', E 98 ° 45 ', native forest, 2300 m, October 26 –31, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( HNU).

Paratype. CHINA: Yunnan: 18317 Ƥ, Baoshan Prefecture, Luoshuidong, 28 air km E TengChong, N 24 ° 57 ', E 98 ° 45 ', native forest, 2300 m, October 26 –31, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( HNU); 16313 Ƥ, Baoshan Prefecture, Luoshuidong, 28 air km E TengChong, N 24 ° 57 ', E 98 ° 45 ', native forest, 2300 m, October 26 –31, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( CAS, CASENT 9032140); 132 Ƥ, Baoshan Prefecture, Luoshuidong, 28 air km E TengChong, N 24 ° 57 ', E 98 ° 45 ', native forest, 2300 m, October 26 –31, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( CAS, CASENT 9032143); 131 Ƥ, voucher for photo number CG 1 x 198 (5): 1-19, C. Griswold, ( CAS, CASENT 9025633).

Other material examined. CHINA: Yunnan: 837 Ƥ, Baoshan Prefecture, Pass over Gaoligongshan at 2100 m, Nankang, 36 air km SE TengChong, N 24 ° 50 ', E 98 ° 47 ', native forest, November 4 –7, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( HNU); 736 Ƥ, Yunnan: Baoshan Prefecture, Pass over Gaoligongshan at 2100 m, Nankang, 36 air km SE TengChong, N 24 ° 50 ', E 98 ° 47 ', native forest, November 4 –7, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( CAS, CASENT 9032139); 233 Ƥ, Nujiang Prefecture, native forest in Gaoligongshan at 9.5 road km ESE Pianma, N 25 ° 59 ', E 98 ° 40 ', el. 2500 m, October 15 –18, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( HNU); 133 Ƥ, Nujiang Prefecture, native forest in Gaoligongshan at 9.5 road km ESE Pianma, N 25 ° 59 ', E 98 ° 40 ', el. 2500 m, October 15 –18, 1998, C. Griswold, D. Kavanaugh, C.L. Long ( CAS, CASENT 9032138); 2 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Mingguang Township, Zizhi Village, N 25.48351 °, E098.37149°, 2880 m; N 25.47531 °, E098.37266°, 2756 m, May 19, 2006, C.M. Yin, J.F. Hu & X.H, Yang ( CAS, CASENT 9025625); 1 Ƥ, Longyang County, Bawan Township, Nan Kang Ya Kou, N 24.83104 °, E098.76864°,Elev. 2210 m, May 23, 2005, H.M.Yan & K.J. Guo ( CAS, CASENT 9025596); 2 Ƥ, Longyang County, Bawan Township, Bawan forest station, N 24.95184 ° E098.83474°, Elev. 830 m, along road near Bawan Forestry station, May 31, 2005, H.M.Yan & K.J. Guo ( HNU, CASENT 9025614); 1 Ƥ, Longyang County, Bawan District, Shancha He, Luoshuidong area, elev. 2300 m, N 24.92597 °, E 98.75806 °, good broadleaf forest; night collecting, June 3, 2005, C. Griswold ( HNU, CASENT 9022139); 1 Ƥ, Baoshan City, Bawan village, 40 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 24 ° 55459 ', E 98 ° 45309 ', 2320 m, October 16, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020403); 1 Ƥ, Nankang (National 320 Road), Baoshan City, N 24 ° 43717 ', E 98 ° 46054 ', 2186 m, October 26, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020432); 13, Tengchong County, Shangying Township, 5–8 km E of Dahaoping, N 24 ° 95361 ', E 98 ° 74222 ', 2314 m, October 18, 2003, N.D. Penny, T. Briggs, D.Z. Dong ( CAS, CASENT 9020444); 1 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Dahaoping village, 41–46 km of the road Bawan- Tengchong, N 24 ° 55625 ', E 98 ° 45155 ', 2416m, October 18, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020377); 1 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Dahaoping village, 51 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 24 ° 58527 ', E 98 ° 43797 ', 2018 m, October 17, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020384); 13, Baoshan City, Nankang (National 320 Road), Yakou, N 24 ° 43717 ', E 98 ° 46054 ', 2186 m, October 30, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020425); 1 Ƥ, Baoshan City, Bawan village, 41–42 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong (Yakou), N 24 ° 55625 ', E 98 ° 45155 ', 2416 m, October 13, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020390); 1 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Shangying Township, 5–8 km E of Dahaoping, N 24 ° 95361, E 98 °74222, 2314 m, October 18, 2003, N.D. Penny, T. Briggs, D.Z. Dong ( HNU, CASENT 9020443); 13, Tengchong County, Henghe village, 60 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 25 °00843', E 98 ° 42072 ', 1594 m, October 19, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020437); 1 Ƥ, Longling County, Xiaoheishan village (National 320 Road), N 24 ° 50348 ', E 98 ° 45707 ', 2106 m, October 29, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020399); 2 Ƥ, Baoshan City, Bawan village, 22–25 km of the road Bawan- Tengchong, N 24 ° 56220 ', E 98 ° 49335 ', 2380 m, October 14, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020417); 13, Tengchong County, Dahaoping village, 51 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 24 ° 58527 ', E 98 ° 43797 ', 2018 m, October 17, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020382); 1 Ƥ, Longling County, Xiaoheishan village (National 320 Road), N 24 ° 50348 ', E 98 ° 45707 ', 2106 m, October 29, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020401); 1 Ƥ13, 41– 46 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, Dahaoping village, Tengchong County, N 24 ° 55625 ', E 98 ° 45155 ', 2416 m, October 18, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020376); 1 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Henghe village, 60 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 25 °00843', E 98 ° 42072 ', 1594 m, October 19, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020439); 13, Baoshan City, Bawan village, 22–25 km of the road Bawan- Tengchong, N 24 ° 56220 ', E 98 ° 49335 ', 2380 m, October 14, 2003, G. Tang ( HNU, CASENT 9020416); 1 Ƥ, Tengchong County, Henghe village, 60 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 25 °00843', E 98 ° 42072 ', 1594 m, October 19, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020436); 13, Baoshan City, Bawan village, 22–25 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, N 24 ° 56220 ', E 98 ° 49335 ', 2380 m, October 14, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020419); 13, Baoshan City, Nankang (National 320 Road), Yakou, N 24 ° 43717 ', E 98 ° 46054 ', 2186 m, October 31, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020393); 1 Ƥ, 25 km of the road Bawan-Tengchong, Bawan village, Baoshan City, N 24 ° 56220 ', E 98 ° 49335 ', 2380 m, October 14, 2003, G. Tang ( CAS, CASENT 9020418, same vial as 1 Ƥ D. absentis  ).

Etymology. —The species name is derived from Latin word “acicula”, which means “needle, pin”, and refers to the presence of a small, needle-shaped tooth on the conductor base.

Diagnosis: This new species is similar to C. pseudoterrestris  but can be distinguished by the coiled copulatory ducts in the female and the presence of a small, needle-shaped tooth on the conductor base in the male ( Figs 1–9View FIGURES 1 – 2View FIGURES 3 – 4View FIGURES 5 – 9).

Description: Male (holotype): Medium sized coelotine, total length 8.80 ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 10 – 15). Carapace 4.60 long, 2.90 wide. Abdomen 4.20 long, 3.00 wide. ALE largest, other eyes subequal in size, slightly smaller than ALE (AME 0.20, ALE 0.26, PME 0.18, PLE 0.18); AME separated from each other by approximately their diameter, from ALE by ¾ of AME diameter; PME separated from each other by slightly less than their diameter, from PLE by slightly more than their diameter (AME-AME 0.18, AME-ALE 0.14, PME-PME 0.16, PME-PLE 0.20, AME-PME 0.18) ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 10 – 15). Chelicera with 3 promarginal and 4 (occasionally 3) retromarginal teeth. Labium longer than wide (L/W= 1.10) ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 10 – 15). Palpal patellar apophysis large, slightly extended and pointed distally; RTA slightly more than half of tibial length, distinctly extended distally; lateral tibial apophysis broad, distinctly separated from RTA; cymbial furrow short, about 1 / 3 of cymbial length; conductor short, slender, with a small, sharp tooth at its base, a dorsal apophysis, a small basal lamella; median apophysis broad, round, spoon-shaped; embolus short, filifom, prolateral in origin ( Figs 3 –4View FIGURES 3 – 4, 7–9View FIGURES 5 – 9, 16– 18View FIGURES 16 – 18).

Female (one of the paratypes in HNU measured): Large sized coelotine, total length 11.0 ( Fig. 10View FIGURES 10 – 15). Carapace 5.00 long, 3.30 wide. Abdomen 6.00 long, 4.00 wide. ALE largest, other eyes subequal in size, slightly smaller than ALE (AME 0.20, ALE 0.23, PME 0.18, PLE 0.20); AME separated from each other by approximately their diameter, from ALE by ¾ of AME diameter; PME separated from each other by slightly less than their diameter, from PLE by slightly more than their diameter (AME-AME 0.10, AME-ALE 0.10, PME-PME 0.20, PME-PLE 0.30, AME-PME 0.20) ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 10 – 15). Promargin of chelicera with 3 teeth, retromargin 4, occasionally 3. Labium slightly longer than wide (L/W= 1.05) ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 10 – 15). Epigynal teeth short, arise laterally between anterior atrial margin and epigastric furrow, widely separated by more than atrial width; atrium small, with distinct, continuous anterior margin but indistinct lateral margins; copulatory ducts originate anteriorly, twisted, distinctly separated from each other, extend beyond spermathecae; spermathecae broad, close together, slightly elongated; spermathecal heads arise anteriorly, lateral of spermathecae ( Figs 1 –2View FIGURES 1 – 2, 5–6View FIGURES 5 – 9, 19– 26View FIGURES 19 – 26).

Notes: Female epigynal teeth vary slightly in their position and length, but the twisted copulatory ducts are uniform among the specimens examined. Little variation was observed in the male palp, apart from a male with a reduced tooth at the conductor base ( CAS, CASENT 9020393 from Baoshan, Nankang) ( Figs 16–18View FIGURES 16 – 18).

Distribution: China (Yunnan) ( Fig. 154View FIGURES 154).

HNU

Hunan Normal University

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Amaurobiidae

Genus

Coelotes