Nonomuraea deserti

Saygin, Hayrettin, Nouioui, Imen, Ay, Hilal, Guven, Kiymet, Cetin, Demet, Klenk, Hans-Peter, Goodfellow, Michael & Sahin, Nevzat, 2020, Polyphasic classification of Nonomuraea strains isolated from the Karakum Desert and description of Nonomuraea deserti sp. nov., Nonomuraea diastatica sp. nov., Nonomuraea longispora sp. nov. and Nonomuraea mesophila sp. nov., International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 70 (1), pp. 636-647: 641-644

publication ID 10.1099/ijsem.0.003808


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Nonomuraea deserti



Nonomuraea deserti   sp. nov. (de.ser ′ ti. L. gen. n. deserti   of a desert, referring to the source of the type strain).

Aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile actinobacterium that forms extensively branched substrate and aerial mycelia. Aerial hyphae differentiated to hooked chains of spores with a smooth surfaces. Good growth occurs on ISP 2, 3, modified Bennett’s and nutrient agar and moderate growth on ISP

4–7, Czapek’s and tryptic soy agar, substrate mycelia may be brown, cream or yellow. Does not produce diffusible or melanoid pigments. Grows from 28–37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), from pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of up to 3 % (w/v) NaCl. Hydrolyses aesculin and arbutin, reduces nitrate but does not form H 2 S and does not hydrolyse allantoin or urea. Gelatin, hypoxanthine and xylan are degraded, but not adenine, casein, chitin, guanine, starch, Tweens 40 or 80 or xanthine. D-Arabinose, cellobiose, dextran, D-fructose, D-glucose, lactose, D-mannitol and raffinose are utilized as sole carbon and energy sources, but not adonitol, L-arabinose, dextrin, D-galactose, L-glutamine, maltose, myo-inositol, D-mannose, melezitose, melibiose, inulin, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, L-sorbose, sodium succinate, sucrose, xylitol or xylose. L-Arginine, L-asparagine, L-cysteine, glycine, L-hydroxyproline, L-methionine, L-phenylalanine, L-proline,

L-serine, L-tyrosine and L-valine are utilized as sole nitrogen sources, but not L-alanine, L-histidine or α-iso-leucine. The predominant menaquinones are MK-9(H 4) and MK-9(H 6). The polar lipid profile includes diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, dihydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, three unidentified glycophospholipids, an unidentified phospholipid, an unidentified glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. Whole-cell hydrolysates contain meso -A 2 pm, glucose, mannose, madurose, ribose and galactose. The major fatty acids are iso-C 16:0, iso - C 16:0 2OH and C 17:0 10-methyl. The DNA G+C content of strain KC310 T is 70.9 mol% and the genome size 9.69 Mbp.

The type strain, KC 310 T (= CGMCC 4.7331 View Materials T = DSM 102919 T =KCTC 39774 T), was isolated from desert soil sample collected from the Karakum Desert , Turkmenistan. The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain KC310 T is MG770639 View Materials and draħ genome sequence accession number SMKO00000000   .


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics


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