Nonomuraea longispora

Saygin, Hayrettin, Nouioui, Imen, Ay, Hilal, Guven, Kiymet, Cetin, Demet, Klenk, Hans-Peter, Goodfellow, Michael & Sahin, Nevzat, 2020, Polyphasic classification of Nonomuraea strains isolated from the Karakum Desert and description of Nonomuraea deserti sp. nov., Nonomuraea diastatica sp. nov., Nonomuraea longispora sp. nov. and Nonomuraea mesophila sp. nov., International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 70 (1), pp. 636-647: 644-645

publication ID 10.1099/ijsem.0.003808


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Nonomuraea longispora



Nonomuraea longispora   ( ′ ra. L. adj. longus long; Gr. fem. n. spora spore; N.L. fem. n. longispora   long spore).

Aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile actinobacteria  that form extensively   branched substrate and aerial mycelia. Aerial hyphae differentiated into long straight spore chains with a smooth surfaces. Good growth occurs on ISP 2, ISP 4 agar, modified Bennett’s agar, tryptic soy agar and nutrient agar and moderately well on Czapek’s, ISP 3, 5, 6 and 7 agar. Substrate mycelia produce a range of pigments (cream, brown, reddish black or claret red). Melanoid pigments are not produced on ISP6 agar. Red or light pink diffusible pigments are produced on ISP 2, ISP 3 and modified Bennett’s agar. Grow from 20–37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), from pH 6.0–9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0), in the presence of NaCl up to of 3 % (w/v) and variable for 4 % NaCl. Hydrolyses aesculin and arbutin but does not produce H 2 S and does not hydrolyse allantoin or urea. Nitrate reduction is variable. Gelatin, hypoxanthine, starch and xylan are degraded, but not adenine, casein, chitin, guanine, Tweens 40 or 80 or xanthine. Cellobiose, dextran, D-glucose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, melibiose and raffinose are utilized as sole carbon and energy sources, but not L-arabinose, D-fructose, D-galactose, L-glutamine, myo -inositol, inulin, lactose, melezitose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, L-sorbose, sodium succinate, sucrose or xylitol. L-Alanine, L-arginine, L-asparagine, L-cysteine, glycine, L-hydroxyproline, L-methionine, L-phenylalanine, L-proline, L-serine, L-tyrosine and L-valine are utilized as sole nitrogen sources, but not L-histidine. The predominant menaquinone is MK-9(H 4). The polar lipids profile includes diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, dihydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, glycophospholipids, phospholipids, a glycolipid and lipids. Whole-cell hydrolysates contain meso -A 2 pm, glucose, mannose, madurose and ribose, and a trace of galactose. The major fatty acids are C 16:0, iso-C 16:0 and C 17:0 10-methyl. The DNA G+C content of strains KC201 T and KC401 is 70.6 mol% and the genome sizes 9.16 and 9.79 Mbp, respectively.

The type strain, KC201 T (=CGMCC 4.7339 T =DSM 102917 T =KCTC 39781 T), was isolated from desert soil sample collected from the Karakum Desert , Turkmenistan. The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain KC201 T is MG770626 View Materials and that of the draħ genome sequence accession number SMJZ00000000   .