Pholidoptera fallax (Fischer, 1853)

Holuša, Jaroslav, Kočárek, Petr, Vlk, Robert & Marhoul, Pavel, 2013, Annotated checklist of the grasshoppers and crickets (Orthoptera) of the Czech Republic, Zootaxa 3616 (5), pp. 437-460: 443

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Pholidoptera fallax (Fischer, 1853)


Pholidoptera fallax (Fischer, 1853) 

Material examined. Moravia mer., Brno (Brünn), 7.vii. 1912, 1F, anonymous collector, but the specimen is deposited in the collection of Czižek, MZM coll., J. Holuša revid. (Dobšík 1948).

From the area of the CR, we know of only one record for this species, and this record describes the finding of one female (Dobšík 1948). It is a central, south and south-eastern European species, distributed from the Pyrenees, through Province and the southern Alps to Hungary, Slovakia, and Romania, and to the Balkans including Greece. Its distribution also included the Apennine peninsula including Calabria and Sicily (Nadig 1991), and it has been reported from Turkey (Kočárek et al. 2005). In central Europe, it inhabits only the southern slopes of the Alps (Thorens & Nadig 1997) nearly to Vienna (Franz 1961). The occurrence near Vienna has been recently confirmed (Berg & Zuna-Kratky 1997). Its occurrence near Brno could be part of its range in the Alps, and could represent the northern edge of a distributional range, which continues into Slovakia. In Slovakia, it is common in submontane and montane altitudes, although its precise distribution has not been published (I –Klub Slovenských Orthopterológov 2006-2012). In Hungary, its distribution is scattered because it has been detected in 10.2 % of studied fields (squares) (Rácz 1998). In Romania, it is more common, and is absent in only five of 21 eco-regions (Iorgu et al. 2008).

Because of the insufficient information concerning the occurrence of Orthoptera  in the CR, and especially information about suitable habitats and whether the distribution in the CR is linked to distribution in the Carpathians, we consider this species as missing rather than extinct.