Myrsidea leptopogoni

Kolencik, Stanislav, Sychra, Oldrich, Papousek, Ivo, Kuabara, Kamila M. D., Valim, Michel P. & Literak, Ivan, 2018, New species and additional data on the chewing louse genus Myrsidea (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from wild Neotropical Passeriformes (Aves), Zootaxa 4418 (5), pp. 401-431: 427

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4418.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:04FEA195-71DA-4C7E-A62B-A658CFCF6B0C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F887AB-FFF2-FFD9-A5F7-D7F7FABC1CB1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Myrsidea leptopogoni
status

new species

Myrsidea leptopogoni  , new species

( Figs 29View FIGURES 28–29, 38–39View FIGURES 30–40, 47–48View FIGURES 45–48)

Type host. Leptopogon superciliaris Tschudi, 1844  —slaty-capped flycatcher.

Type locality. San Rafael National Park , Paraguay (26°30'S, 55°47'W).GoogleMaps 

Type material. Ex Leptopogon superciliaris  : holotype ♀, Tapantí National Park, Sector Tapantí, Costa Rica (09°46'N, 83°47'W), 8 August 2009, O. Sychra & I. Literak ( MMBC).GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: 2♂ with the same data as holotype ( MMBC).GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis. Myrsidea leptopogoni  n. sp. is morphologically close to M. rekasii Dalgleish & Price, 2003  —from species of Pipridae—in setal counts and the shape of tergites, but both sexes of M. leptopogoni  have larger dimensions. Furthermore, the female of M. leptopogoni  can also be distinguished by the absence of a median gap among setae on tergite I ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 28–29), and the male by the number of setae on tergites I –III (total 35–36 vs 19–28 in M. rekasii  ). Among the species of Myrsidea  from members of the Tyrannidae  , the closest morphological species to M. leptopogoni  is M. oleaginei  , but females can be easily distinguished by the shape of tergites I –II, being U-shaped in M. leptopogoni  ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 28–29), but V-shaped in M. oleaginei  .

Description. Female (n = 1). As in Figs 29View FIGURES 28–29 and 47View FIGURES 45–48. Hypopharyngeal sclerites fully developed. Length of dhs 10, 0.035; dhs 11, 0.098; ratio dhs 10/11, 0.36; ls5 0.04 long, latero-ventral fringe with 10 setae. Gula with 4–5 setae on each side. Pronotum with 6 setae on posterior margin and 3 short spiniform setae at each lateral corner. First tibia with 3 outer ventro-lateral and 3 dorso-lateral setae. Metanotum not enlarged, with 10 marginal setae; metasternal plate with 6 setae; metapleurites with 4 short strong spiniform setae. Femur III with 14–15 setae in ventral setal brush. Tergites modified as on Fig. 29View FIGURES 28–29. Tergite I enlarged, compressing II –IV at midline. Abdominal segments with constant row of tergal setae on tergite I and with well-defined median gap on tergites II –VIII. Tergal setae: I, 14; II, 17; III, 13; IV, 10; V, 11; VI, 10; VII, 7; VIII, 4. Postspiracular setae very long on II, IV and VIII (0.44–0.48); long on I and VII (0.29–0.33); and short on III, V and VI (0.13–0.16). Inner posterior seta of last tergum not longer than anal fringe setae with length 0.07; length of short lateral marginal seta of last segment, 0.03–0.05. Pleural setae: I, 6; II, 9; III, 8; IV, 7–8; V, 7; VI, 6; VII, 5; VIII, 3. Pleurites with only short spine-like setae. Pleurite VIII with inner setae (0.07) longer as outer (0.05). Anterior margin of sternal plate II with a medial notch. Sternal setae: I, 0; II, 4 in each aster: s1, 0.10; s2, 0.06; s3, 0.05; s4, 0.04; with 17 marginal setae between asters, 5 medioanterior; III, 22; IV, 30; V, 32; VI, 29; VII, 15; VIII –IX, 9; and 12 setae on deeply serrated vulvar margin. Anal fringe formed by 32 dorsal and 32 ventral setae. Dimensions: TW, 0.45; POW, 0.35; HL, 0.27; PW, 0.27; MW, 0.42; AWIV, 0.55; ANW, 0.22; TL, 1.45.

Male (n = 2). As in Fig. 48View FIGURES 45–48. Similar to female except as follows: length of dhs 10, 0.022–0.035; dhs 11, 0.091– 0.095; ratio dhs 10/11, 0.24–0.37; ls5 0.02–0.04 long, latero-ventral fringe with 9 setae. Gula with 4 setae on each side. Pronotum with 6 setae on posterior margin and 3 short spiniform setae at each lateral corner. First tibia with 3 outer ventro-lateral and 3–4 dorso-lateral setae. Metanotum not enlarged with 7–8 marginal setae; metasternal plate with 6 setae; metapleurites with 3 short spiniform strong setae. Femur III with 12 setae in ventral setal brush. Abdominal segments with well-defined median gap in each row of tergal setae. Tergal setae: I, 10; II, 13; III, 12– 13; IV, 11–13; V, 9–11; VI, 10; VII, 6–9; VIII, 4–6. Length of inner posterior seta of last tergum, 0.05–0.06; short lateral marginal seta of last segment, 0.02. Pleural setae: I, 5; II, 5–6; III, 6–7; IV, 6; V, 6; VI, 6; VII, 4–5; VIII, 3. Pleurites with only short spine-like setae. Pleurite VIII with inner setae (0.05) as long as outer (0.03). Anterior margin of sternal plate II with a medial notch. Sternal setae: I, 0; II, 4 in each aster: s1, 0.08–0.10; s2, 0.05–0,08; s3, 0.04–0.06; s4, 0.03–0.05; with 14 marginal setae between asters, 4–6 medioanterior; III, 1 9–20; IV, 23–25; V, 27–29; VI, 23–24; VII, 15–16; VIII, 5–6; remainder of plate, 7; and with 3 setae posteriorly. With 8 internal anal setae. Genital sac sclerite as in Figs 38–39View FIGURES 30–40. Dimensions: TW, 0.40; POW, 0.31–0.32; HL, 0.25; PW, 0.25; MW, 0.34; AWIV, 0.44; GW, 0.11; GSL, 0.10; TL, 1.16–1.23.

Etymology. This species epithet is a noun in apposition derived from the generic name of the type host.

Remarks. This is the first record of chewing lice from Leptopogon superciliaris  . A portion of COI gene was sequenced from specimens of M. leptopogoni  from Costa Rica (GenBank MF563538View Materials). Comparing our sequence with other known sequences of Neotropical Myrsidea  , the divergences exceeded 18% in all cases, including that with the morphologically close species M. oleaginei  (ex Mionectes oleagineus  , family Tyrannidae, GenBank  KF048108View Materials), with a p-distance of 25.6%. The closest p-distance was with that of M. cnemotriccola  (ex Cnemotriccus fuscatus  , family Tyrannidae, GenBank  KF048124View Materials), with a value of 18.1%. Unfortunately, there are no genetic sequences known from M. rekasii  , the species morphologically closest to M. leptopogoni  . However, considering the combination of morphological differences between M. oleaginei  and M. rekasii  , and the large sequence divergence with M. oleaginei  , we are confident that M. leptopogoni  is a new, separate species.

MMBC

Moravske Muzeum [Moravian Museum]

COI

University of Coimbra Botany Department