Sertularia perpusilla Stechow, 1919

Gravili, Cinzia, Vito, Doris De, Camillo, Cristina Gioia Di, Martell, Luis, Piraino, Stefano & Boero, Ferdinando, 2015, The non-Siphonophoran Hydrozoa (Cnidaria) of Salento, Italy with notes on their life-cycles: an illustrated guide, Zootaxa 3908 (1), pp. 1-187: 136

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3908.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D6AD2B49-170B-4D9C-84AA-DBE0FEEAD8BE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F887DE-FF71-FF31-9CD6-0CB1D4CEFF2E

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Plazi

scientific name

Sertularia perpusilla Stechow, 1919
status

 

Sertularia perpusilla Stechow, 1919 

Fig. 97View FIGURE 97 A, B

See Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa (2002) for a complete synonymy.

Material examined. HCUS-S 104 (Hydrozoa Collection, University of Salento—fauna of the Salento Peninsula).

Description (based on our own observations; Boero 1981 a; Gili 1986):

Hydroid. Hydrorhiza stolonal, colonies erect; hydrocaulus up to ca 7 mm, usually unbranched, internodes thecate excepting basal parts, separated by distinct or indistinct oblique nodes; hydrothecae opposite, touching frontally, tubular and curved outwards, forming 80 º – 90 º angle with the axis, adcauline wall 1 / 2 adnate to the axis, margin with 3 cusps, 2 laterals and one abcauline, operculum with 2 valves. Gonothecae elongated-ovoid, with transverse ribs and 4 small apical cusps.

Cnidome. Microbasic mastigophores.

Habitat type. Littoral from 1 to about 70 m depth ( Boero 1981 a; Boero & Fresi 1986; Roca 1986).

Substrate. This species is an exclusive epibiont of Posidonia oceanica  .

Seasonality. Present all year ( Boero & Fresi 1986), April ( Moura 2011; this study), May ( Giovannetti et al. 2010), August ( Bianchi et al. 1993 a; Galea 2007), and September ( Bianchi et al. 1993 a; Galea 2007; Giovannetti et al. 2010) in several localities of the Mediterranean Sea.

Reproductive period. March ( Stechow 1919), June ( Stechow 1919; Rossi 1950), July ( Broch 1933; Gili 1986), August ( Stechow 1919; Broch 1933; Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa 2002), and September ( Boero & Fresi 1986) in several localities of the Mediterranean Sea.

Distribution. Endemic to Mediterranean ( Marinopoulos 1979; Medel & López-González 1996; Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa 2002; Bouillon et al. 2004; Soto Ãngel & Peña Cantero 2013).

Records in Salento. Rare at Otranto (Gravili 2006; Gravili et al. 2008 a).

Remarks. For more details about the ecology of this species see Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa (2002).

References. Babic (1910) as S. mediterranea  ; Stechow (1919); Broch (1933), Billard (1936), Picard & Roch (1949), Picard (1952), Rossi (1971), Marinopoulos (1979), Boero (1981 a, b), Fresi et al. (1982), Boero et al. (1985), Boero & Fresi (1986), Gili (1986), García-Rubies (1987, 1992), Roca (1987), Piraino & Morri (1990), Hughes et al. (1991), Morri et al. (1991), Roca et al. (1991), Medel & López-González (1996), Piraino et al. (1999), Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa (2002), Bedini et al. (2003), Bouillon et al. (2004), Gravili (2006), Galea (2007), Gravili et al. (2008 a), Giovannetti et al. (2010), Moura (2011).