Jataiba uncigera

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae), Zootaxa 4733 (1), pp. 1-73: 29-34

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4733.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:31A43156-5462-43AB-B51B-6042BE223D8A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3671392

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987B5-FFE8-8806-30DD-335C7B95FDA9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Jataiba uncigera
status

sp. nov.

Jataiba uncigera  sp. nov.

( Figs 5, 9View FIGURES 1–10, 13, 20View FIGURES 11–21, 25View FIGURES 22–26, 71, 73, 75–77View FIGURES 71–77, 83, 94, 95View FIGURES 78–95, 100, 101, 103, 104View FIGURES 96–104, 222View FIGURES 221–224)

LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:3A988BAA-F178-499B-BC01-D3485CEDEF49

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: MG, Vargem Bonita , Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira 

Casca d’Anta, around park entrance, -24.8541/8573 -48.6982/7121, 850– 860 m, 4–8.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #141(4) ( MZSP, dry mounted).

Paratypes. Brazil: MG: 1 ♂, 2 ♀  , Diamantina, Parque Estadual do Biribiri, Retiro , -18.1539 -43.6180, 1040 m, 14.ix.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado, riverine vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #356(3) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 9 ♂, 7 ♀GoogleMaps  , Vazante, Fazenda Bainha, Guariba , -17.8791/8795 -46.9187/9202, 640– 660 m, 20.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #13(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂  , same but around the house, -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 21.ix.2011, fruit trees, hedges and isolated trees (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #14(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but near Curtume river , -17.8822/8863 -46.9213/9229, 650– 660 m, 21–22.ix.2011, cerrado along river (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #16(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀  , same but -17.8817/8832 -46.9164/9165, 660– 670 m, 26.xii.2011, cerrado, forest edge around farm (D. Burck- hardt & D.L. Queiroz) #23(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀  , same but -17.8803 -46.9228, 640–650 m, 13.vii.2012, disturbed cerrado vegetation along unpaved road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #41(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but around the house and eucalypt plantation, -17.8908 -46.9247, 660 m, 11.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , remnants of cerrado forest and eucalypt plantation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #147(10) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 7 ♂, 2 ♀GoogleMaps  , Vazante, Fazenda Bocaina , -17.8913/8925 -46.9108/9112, 670– 690 m, 22.ix.2011, cer- rado near river (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #17(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 2 ♀  , same but Grota de Bocaina , -17.8903/8919 -46.9145/9165, 670– 710 m, 22.ix.2011, cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #18(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 6 ♂, 5 ♀, 1 immature  , same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 12.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #146(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -17.8930 -46.9111, 640 m, 29.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edges of cerrado, #348(6); 2 ♀, Coromandel, Fa- zenda Laje , -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 12.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #263(5) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 5 ♂, 3 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -18.5610 -46.9020, 1060 m, 23.viii.2019, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation, #346(6); 1 ♀, Patos de Minas, Parque Mocambo , -18.5836 -46.5053, 840 m, 27.x.2012, planted trees and forest edge (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #48(-) ( NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂GoogleMaps  , MG, Tapiraí, Fazenda Grupo Nascente , -19.8711 -46.2697, 1260 m, 19.xi.2014 ( T. M. Kuhn) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 8 ♂, 11 ♀, 4 immaturesGoogleMaps  , road Vargem Bonita to Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra , 15 km before Cachoeira Casca d’Anta , -20.3391 -46.4392, 880 m, 4.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #142(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 108 ♂, 123 ♀, 15 immaturesGoogleMaps  , same data as holotype ( MZSP, NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% etha- nol); 4 ♂, 4 ♀  , same but Cachoeira Casca d’Anta , near waterfall, -20.3090 -46.5231, 860 m, 5.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #143(3) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but plateau, -20.2976/2986 -46.5195/5289, 1160– 1250 m, 6.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado and riparian vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #144(7) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 11 ♂, 10 ♀  , Lavras, -21.2672 -44.9353, 900 m, 1–6.vi.2010, edge of Atlantic forest around coffee planta- tion mixed with pastures (D. Burckhardt) #1(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 15 ♂, 15 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but Uni- versidade Federal de Lavras   , UFLA, -21.2308 -44.9914, 900 m, 2–11.vi.2010, Paubrasilia echinata  , park trees, forest edge, hedges and plantations (D. Burckhardt) #2(8) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but 20.vi.2010, degraded forest margin (D. Burckhardt) #11(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 1 ♂  , Barroso, Mata do Baú , -21.1833/2000 -43.9167/9667, 940– 1140 m, 12–13.vi.2010, eucalypt plantation (D. Burckhardt) #4(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted,); 2 ♂, 1 ♀  , same but -21.1833/2000 -43.9167/9667, 940– 1140 m, 13–14.vi.2010, cerrado semideciduous forest, along forest edge (D. Burckhardt) #7(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 2 ♀  , same but -21.1833/2000 -43.9167/9667, 940– 1140 m, 13.vi.2010, cerrado semideciduous forest (D. Burckhardt) #9(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 3 ♂, 6 ♀  , same but Mata do Baú , Rio das Mortes, -21.2140 -43.9347, 930 m, 12–17.vi.2010, gallery forest along river (D. Burckhardt) #5(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol)GoogleMaps  .— MS: 1 ♀  , Campo Grande , near  BR 163, -20.8907/8948 -54.5713/6599, 440– 450 m, 16.xi.2012, cerrado edge along unpaved road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #74(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂  , Sidrolândia, South of Sidrolândia   , MS162, -21.0786 -54.9560, 440 m, 17.xi.2012, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #75(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , Jardim , near  BR267, -21.4494/4683 -55.7919/8027, 380– 440 m, 18–20.xi.2012, cerrado edge along unpaved road, gallery forest along river, single trees in field (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #76(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀  , Ponta Porã, Fazenda Mariana, -22.0027 -55.5658, 550 m, 12.ix.2013, edge of eucalypt plantation, transition between Atlantic forest and cerrado (D.L. Queiroz) #575 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 3 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -21.9990 -55.5636, 590 m (D.L. Queiroz) #576 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).— PR: 1 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , Jaguariaíva, Parque Estadual do Cerrado , 10.vii.2013, -24.1655 -49.6663, 770 m, cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #529 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 4 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -24.1646 -49.6602, 810 m; 2 ♀, same but -24.1829 -49.6618, 850 m; 1 ♀, same but -24.1769 -49.6690, 870 m, 10.xii.2013; 7 ♂, 6 ♀, same but -24.1638/1846 -49.6534/6665, 660– 780 m, 26–27.vi.2015, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #172(1) ( NHMB, slide mounted, in 70% ethanol); 38 ♂, 40 ♀  , same but -24.1685/1833 -49.6603/6670, 780– 820 m, 15–16.ii.2016, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #197(1) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂  , Tibagi, Parque Estadual Guartelá , -3.2566 -60.2240, 930 m, 8.xii.2013, cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #522 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -3.1394 -60.3586, 910 m, 9.xii.2013, #524; 6 ♂, 7 ♀, same but -24.5595 -50.2565, 930 m, #525; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, same but -3.2520 -60.22150, 990 m, #526; 1 ♂, same but -24.5692 -50.2614, 1040 m, #528; 3 ♂, 1 ♀, same but -24.5623/5666 -50.2589, 920–950 m, 23–25.vi.2015, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #171(9) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♂, 2 ♀  , same but #171(16l); 2 ♂, same but -24.5683 -50.2553, 940 m, 21–24.xi.2016 (A.C. Domahovski) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 8 ♀, 2 immaturesGoogleMaps  , same but -24.5683 -50.2553, 938 m, 10–12. vii.2017, Copaifera langsdorffii  , cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #245(3) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 2 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but Tibagi, Beira de Estrada , -24.4950 -50.4613, 790 m, 22.xi.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , roadside vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) #918(1); 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , Ponta Grossa, Parque Estadual di Vila Velha , -25.2500 -50.0124, 9.xii.2012, open scrub, transitional forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #87(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 5 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but -25.2238 -49.9927, 1040 m, 12.vii.2017 (M. R. Barreto) ( NHMB, in 70% etha- nol)GoogleMaps  .— SP: 1 ♂  , Rincão, Santo Antonio Farm , -21.5911 -48.0735, 11.viii. 2009, 550 m, Citrus  sp. (A. L. Alves de Souza) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 1 ♂GoogleMaps  , Santa Maria da Serra, Mina Velha , -22.6823 -48.3049, 450 m, 7.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , vegetable and fruit gardens, edge of cerrado (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #259(8) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 2 ♀GoogleMaps  , Piracicaba, Universidade de São Paulo, Esalq ( Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz ”) campus, -22.7108 -47.6322, 550 m, 6.ii.2018, Copaifera langsdorffii  , park vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #257(4) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂GoogleMaps  , Saltinho, Mata do Pinheirinho , -22.870 -47.677, 620 m, 6.ii.2018, forest edge (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #258(-) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol)GoogleMaps  .

Description. Adult. Colouration. Body yellow to ochreous dorsally and ventrally, dark brown to almost black laterally ( Fig. 71View FIGURES 71–77). Head yellowish with brown longitudinal band in the middle of vertex and on genal processes ( Fig. 73View FIGURES 71–77). Eyes greyish or reddish, ocelli yellow or orange. Antennal segments 1, 2 yellowish or light brown; segment 3–7 yellow in basal part, dark brown in apical part, darker portion increasing towards apical segments; segments 8–10 almost black. Clypeus yellow; rostrum yellow with black tip. Pronotum dirty yellowish. Mesopraescutum and mesoscutum with two and four longitudinal brown stripes, respectively. Legs brown; tibiae and tarsi yellow. Forewing transparent, membrane ochreous to light brown, veins yellow to brown, apex of clavus dark brown ( Fig. 75View FIGURES 71–77). Hindwing transparent, whitish to yellowish. Abdominal sclerites dark brown. Male proctiger and parameres light brown, subgenital plate dark brown, tip of parameres black; female terminalia irregularly lighter and darker brown. Light colour in younger specimens more expanded.

Structure. Vertex with big and flattened anteorbital tubercles. Genal processes 0.8–1.1 times as long as vertex along midline, adpressed medially ( Fig. 73View FIGURES 71–77). Antenna 4.1–4.4 times as long as head width. Forewing ( Fig. 75View FIGURES 71–77) 2.5–2.7 times as long as head width, 2.1–2.2 times as long as wide; pterostigma moderately short, narrow at base; cell cu 1 0.8 times higher than wide; surface spinules much reduced, present only in apical half of cell r 1, and around the radular areas in the middle of cells r 2, m 1, m 2 and cu 1, and in cell cu 2 leaving broad spinule-free stripes along the veins. Metatibia 0.6 times as long as head width. Terminalia as in Figs 83, 94, 95View FIGURES 78–95, 100, 101View FIGURES 96–104. Male proctiger 0.4 times as head width, lacking posterior lobes basally but weakly produced, evenly rounded. Paramere lamellar, irregularly tapering to apex; with one slightly forward directed sclerotised tooth near apex in the middle; inner surface sparsely covered in long setae, denser and thicker apically, covering more or less apical third. Distal segment of aedeagus strongly inflated in apical third, bearing a sclerotised bar in the middle on either side, base with large projection; sclerotised end tube of ductus ejaculatorius large, slightly curved, originating in apical half of segment. Female proctiger 1.0–1.1 times as long as head width, dorsal outline almost straight, apex slightly upturned, pointed; circumanal ring 0.3 times as long as proctiger. Female subgenital plate 0.4–0.5 times as long as proctiger, apex subacute; dorsal outline with distinct angular lobe in apical third.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (4 ♂, 3 ♀). Head width ♂ 0.92–0.98, ♀ 1.00–1.04; antenna length ♂ 3.80–4.04, ♀ 4.20–4.60; forewing length ♂ 2.38–2.58, ♀ 2.58–2.76; male proctiger length 0.34–0.38; paramere length 0.28–0.30; length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.30–0.32; female proctiger length 1.24–1.48.

Fifth instar immature ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 71–77). Colouration. Dirty whitish, antenna yellowish with apices of flagellar segments brown. Tibiae and tarsi greyish brown. Abdomen whitish.

Structure. Body 1.6–1.8 times as long as wide. Antenna 7-segmented, 2.6–3.1 times as long as forewing pad which has 10–12 or more medium long or long setae dorsally and 15–17 weakly capitate marginal setae. Circumanal ring ( Fig. 103View FIGURES 96–104) small, distance from anus to outer circumanal ring about as long as that from there to group of sectasetae, rounded laterally; consisting of several rows of pores except medially.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (4 immatures). Body length 2.28–2.32, antenna length 1.72–1.84.

Etymology. Adjective, feminine form. From Latin uncus = hook, barb, clamp, and -ger = bearing, for the con- spicuous hook on the aedeagus.

Distribution. Brazil (MG, MS, PR, SP).

Host plant, biology and habitat. Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.  —Two specimens (1 ♂, 1 ♀) were parasitised by Strepsiptera ( Fig. 222View FIGURES 221–224).—Cerrado, transition between Atlantic forest and cerrado, riparian forest, degraded forests, forest edges, isolated trees, plantations, parks.

Comments. Jataiba uncigera  differs from other copaiba psyllids as indicated in the key. Jataiba uncigera  shares with J. basifistula  , J. cearensis  , J. cognata  and J. incisa  the long, evenly tapering and pointed genal processes, the very long antennae, and the broad forewing with a short and basally narrow pterostigma, suggesting the five species may constitute a monophyletic group. Within this group J. uncigera  is morphologically most similar to J. cearensis  , from which it differs in the slightly larger body dimensions and, most importantly, in the posterior margin of the male proctiger which is evenly rounded in basal third (rather than angular), in the paramere where the densely spaced spines in the apical third of the inner face cover a larger area, and in the distal aedeagal segment where the basal projection is larger. We could not find any differences between the females of the two species.

MG

Museum of Zoology

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MS

Herbarium Messanaensis, Università di Messina

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

SP

Instituto de Botânica

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psylloidea

Genus

Jataiba