Colophorina guarani

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae), Zootaxa 4733 (1), pp. 1-73: 12-13

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4733.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:31A43156-5462-43AB-B51B-6042BE223D8A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3671431

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987B5-FFFF-882B-30DD-31497D30F9C5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Colophorina guarani
status

sp. nov.

Colophorina guarani  sp. nov.

( Figs 23View FIGURES 22–26, 40, 44, 48View FIGURES 39–50, 52, 56View FIGURES 51–60, 63, 64View FIGURES 61–70)

LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:6176257E-6788-4A86-B521-6C6CD0D0E061

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: MG, Lavras , - 21.2333 -45, 900 m, 1–6.vi.2010, Copaifera langsdorffii  , edge of Atlantic forest around coffee plantation mixed with pastures (D. Burckhardt) #1(11) ( UFPR, dry mount- ed). 

Paratypes. Brazil: MG: 1 ♂, 2 ♀  , Diamantina , Parque Estadual do Biribiri, Retiro, -18.1539 -43.6180, 1040 m, 14.ix.2019, cerrado, Copaifera langsdorffii  , riverine vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #356(3) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♂GoogleMaps  , MG, Vargem Bonita , Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira Casca d’Anta, plateau, -20.2976/-20.2986 -46.5195/-46.5289, 1160–1250 m, 6.ix.2014, Copaifera langsdorffii  , degraded cerrado and riparian vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #144(7) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 16 ♂, 23 ♀, 1 immature  , same data as holotype but #1(11, 17)  ( NHMB, UFPR, dry and slide mounted, 70% ethanol; 6 ♂, 13 ♀  , same but Lavras , Universidade Federal de Lavras ( UFLA), - 21.2333 -44.9914 m, 2–11.vi.2010, park trees, forest edge, hedges and plantations, #2(-) ( BMNH, NHMB dry mounted, 70% ethanol); 4 ♂, 1 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but Barroso , Mato do Bau , Rio das Mortes, -21.1872 -43.9761, 930 m, 12–17.vi.2010, Copaifera langsdorffii  , gallery forest along river, #5(2) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 4 ♂, 10 ♀GoogleMaps  , same but Mata do Baú , 13–14.vi.2010, Copaifera langsdorffii  , semideciduous cerrado forest, along forest edge; sweeping vegetation, #7(1) and 9(-) ( NHMB, dry mounted)  .

Description. Adult. Colouration. Dark brown to black. Genal processes slightly lighter. Eyes dark reddish grey, ocelli yellowish. Antennal segments 1 brown, 2 light brown, 3–9 dirty whitish with brown apex and 10 dark brown to black. Head and thorax laterally lighter. Metanotum straw-coloured. Metatibia and metatarsus dirty whitish. Forewing ( Fig. 40View FIGURES 39–50) coriaceous, almost opaque; ground colour dirty greyish to ochreous with dark brown or black base and patch distal to bifurcation of vein R+M+Cu, most of the remainder beset with dark, often confluent dots, particularly towards the apical wing margin; cell cu 2, apart from base, conspicuously lacking dark colour with a narrow transverse white band at base, otherwise mostly ochreous; basal part conspicuously different from remainder of wing. Hindwing greyish, with brown veins; semitransparent.Abdominal sclerites dark brown to black, intersegmental membranes yellowish to reddish. Younger specimens lighter with less expanded dark elements.

Structure. Head inclined in a 45° angle from longitudinal body axis. Vertex trapezoidal, 0.6 times as long as wide. Genal processes ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 39–50) 0.8 times as long as vertex along midline, relatively broad, anteriorly shallowly incised, forming a narrower and longer submedian and a broader and shorter lateral tubercle, respectively. Antenna 1.4–1.6 times as long as head width; relative length of segment 10 and terminal setae as 1.0:0.7:0.5. Rostrum short, only tip visible in profile, 0.4–0.5 times as long as head width. Pro- and mesotibiae thickened and slightly flattened; protibia 1.3 times as long as profemur ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 39–50); metatibia 0.9–1.3 times as long as head width, with 5–6 relatively evenly spaced sclerotised apical spurs. Forewing ( Fig. 40View FIGURES 39–50) oval, 3.0–3.8 times as long as head width, 1.9 times as long as wide; pterostigma relatively short, ending at the level of Rs midlength; cell cu 1 0.6–0.9 times higher than wide; surface spinules forming cellular pattern covering the entire wing. Hindwing with costal setae more or less evenly spaced, not arranged in groups; short vein M+Cu developed. Male and female terminalia as in Figs 52, 56View FIGURES 51–60, 63 and 64View FIGURES 61–70. Male proctiger 0.4 times as long as head width. Paramere broadest near base, with subparallel margins in basal two thirds, narrowing to blunt apex in apical third. Female proctiger 1.0 times as long as head width; circumanal ring 0.3–0.4 times as long as proctiger; female subgenital plate 0.7 times as long as proctiger.

Measurements (in mm) (2 ♂, 2 ♀). Head width ♂ 0.56–0.66, ♀ 0.58–0.62; antenna length ♂ 0.88–0.90, ♀ 0.88–0.96; forewing length ♂ 1.82–2.00, ♀ 2.16–2.34; male proctiger length 0.24–0.26; paramere length 0.22; length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.24; female proctiger length 0.60.

Fifth instar immature. Colouration. Pale, sclerites light brown. Antennal apex brown, tip of rostrum black.

Structure. Body 1.4 times as long as wide. Antenna 0.9 times as long as forewing pad. Lateral margin of forewing pad relatively straight, giving the wing pad a parallel-sided look. Hindwing pad with one marginal sectasetae. Caudal plate 2.0 times as wide as long; with 4+4 marginal sectasetae, lacking a pair of submedian dorsal sectasetae.

Measurements (in mm) (1 immature). Body length 1.60, antenna length 0.56; forewing pad length 0.62; caudal plate width 0.80.

Etymology. Noun in apposition. This species is dedicated to the Guaraní, indigenous South American people who used to populate large areas in Paraguay, the Misiones Province of Argentina, southern Brazil and parts of Uruguay and Bolivia.

Distribution. Brazil (MG).

Host plant, biology and habitat. Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.  —The immatures develop in leaf rolls which they induce.—Atlantic forest, cerrado vegetation, gallery forest.

Comments. Colophorina guarani  differs from the Old World Colophorina  species in the strongly inflated pro- and mesotibiae and the broadly rounded forewing. From the New World species, it differs as indicated in the key, i.e. in details of the forewing pattern and the shape of the genal processes; also, the paramere in C. guarani  is wider in apical third than in the other species.

MG

Museum of Zoology

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Genus

Colophorina