Leinendera carrerai, Camargo & Vieira & Rafael, 2019

Camargo, Alexssandro, Vieira, Rodrigo & Rafael, José Albertino, 2019, Revision of Leinendera Carrera, 1945 (Diptera: Asilidae: Asilinae) with description of two new species, Zootaxa 4657 (2), pp. 291-316 : 293-296

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4657.2.4

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scientific name

Leinendera carrerai

sp. nov.

Leinendera carrerai sp. n.

( Figs. 36–57 View FIGURES 36–43 View FIGURES 44–49 View FIGURES 50–57 )


Diagnosis. Postpedicel reddish, dark brown on dorsal apical half ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ); stylus black and short, about the same length of pedicel ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ); mesonotum dark brown with two golden yellow pruinose stripes, from the base of postpronotal lobe to the posterior margin of mesonotum ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 36–43 ); epandrium cheliform ( Figs. 44–49 View FIGURES 44–49 ).

Male holotype. Body: slender. ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 36–43 ). Head. Scape yellow, pedicel dark yellow, both with brown setae, except by few yellow setae ventrally on scape; postpedicel nearly two times the length of scape and pedicel combined and about six times the length of stylus, reddish anteriorly on basal half and dark brown on dorsal distal half and posteriorly with yellowish to brownish pruinosity, on ventral distal half with a pale yellow region whitish pruinose ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ). Postpedicel with 2–3 yellow dorsal setae on basal 1/3 ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ); stylus black ending in a tip with yellowish to brownish pruinosity; second article of stylus approximately two times the length of first ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ); frons golden pruinose, except for a small rectangular black spot in front of ocellar tubercle ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 36–43 ); orbital setae yellow; eyes black; ocellar tubercle black, golden brown pruinose on top, lacking pruinosity on sides; ocelli whitish; antennal socket golden pruinose; face narrower than frons, yellowish pruinose dorsally and white ventrally ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 36–43 ); mystacal macrosetae white, except for four yellowish dorsal macrosetae ( Figs. 37, 39, 40 View FIGURES 36–43 ); lower facial margin yellowish, white pruinose; gena dark brown, brownish pruinose; vertex black, golden pruinose, dark brown on sides with sparse yellow setae; occiput black, dark brown pruinose, golden dorsally becoming white laterally; 5–6 yellow postocular macrosetae; occipital setae yellow dorsally and whitish laterally; palpus dark brown with yellowish and dark brown setae, apical setae longer than others; proboscis black, dark brown at base; proboscial and labial setae yellow ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 36–43 ). Thorax ( Figs. 37, 40–42 View FIGURES 36–43 ): dark brown dorsally and light brown on sides; antepronotum golden pruinose; postpronotum dark brown pruinose; postpronotal lobe dark brown, golden pruinose at base and brown at apex; mesothoracic spiracle white pruinose; mesonotum dark brown pruinose with two golden yellow pruinose stripes parallel with the paramedian dark brown stripe, extending from base of postpronotal lobe weakening till posterior mesonotal margin; small golden pruinose spot dorsally on wing insertion; postalar callus dark yellow sparsely golden pruinose ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 36–43 ); scutellum with impressed rim, brown, sparsely golden pruinose ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 36–43 ); pleuron dark brown, whitish pruinose, except for the anepisternum yellowish pruinose and a brown inclined stripe extending from base of wing to the fore and mid coxa and a second small faint light brown stripe extending from katatergite to the posterior margin of mid coxa ( Figs. 37, 40 View FIGURES 36–43 ). Chaetotaxy: antepronotal setae yellowish; posterior antepronotal setae yellowish brown; acrostichal setae short and black; postpronotal setae yellowish; two black notopleural macrosetae; one black supra-alar macroseta; one black postalar macroseta; postalar callus with 4–5 short anterior yellow setae; dorsocentral macrosetae black, smaller anteriorly; mesonotum with sparse short black setae on sides and yellow sparse setae posteriorly; marginal scutellar macrosetae absent, only a few short regular marginal yellowish setae present; proepisternal and katatergal setae whitish; metepisternal and anatergal setae yellowish. Wing ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 36–43 ): basal 2/3 yellowish and translucent; apical 1/3 extending to ventral margin of anterior cubital cell with dense dark brown microtrichia, yellowish on the central part of marginal cells and less dense at wing apex; cell r4 narrow basally; veins brown, without costal dilation, covered with brown microtrichia; R 2+3 slightly curved at level of R 4 and R 5 bifurcation; R 5 slightly sinuous at the base; R 4 and R 5 bifurcation placed at the end of discal cell apex; crossvein r-m before middle of discal cell; halter pale yellow. Legs ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 36–43 ): narrow, yellow, except for anterior and dorsal sides of mid and hind femora, apex of hind tibia, mid and hind tarsi reddish and with a very small black spot on ventral apex of all trochanters and dorsal apex of mid and hind femora; hind femur slightly swollen on distal half; fore coxa whitish pruinose anteriorly and brown laterally; mid coxa brown pruinose anteriorly and whitish laterally; hind coxa whitish pruinose anteriorly and yellowish posteriorly. Chaetotaxy: coxae whitish setose; trochanters yellowish setose, hind trochanter with two yellow ventral distal macrosetae; fore femur with three yellow ventral macrosetae; mid femur with three ventral, three anteroventral, one anterior and one posterodorsal preapical yellow macrosetae; hind femur with three ventral, three anterior and two dorsal preapical yellow macrosetae; all femora reddish brown setose dorsally and yellow setose ventrally; tibiae with yellow macrosetae, black setose dorsally and yellow setose ventrally, brush setae golden; fore tarsus with reddish yellow macrosetae and setae, the last three segments with some black macrosetae ventrally; mid and hind tarsi with reddish yellow macrosetae and black setae with few sparse reddish yellow setae; brush setae golden; claws reddish brown on basal half and black on apical half; empodia dark reddish brown; pulvillus yellow. Abdomen ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 36–43 ): Slender, reddish brown; tergites 5–8 darker; tergite 8 almost black with blue aura (under stereomicroscope); posterior margin of tergite 1 black; tergites 1–3 sparsely yellow pruinose dorsally; tergite 4 yellow pruinose mid-dorsally; tergites 5–7 with a mid-posterior pruinose triangle, yellow on tergite 5 and reddish yellow on tergites 6–7; tergites with short reddish brown mid-dorsal setae and yellowish lateral marginal setae; tergite 1 with 3–4 and tergites 2–8 with three yellow lateral marginal macrosetae, from tergite 5 the inner one reddish; sternites yellow, 5–8 darker with sparse yellowish setae, 7–8 with sparse dark reddish brown setae. Terminalia ( Figs. 44–56 View FIGURES 44–49 View FIGURES 50–57 ): reddish to dark reddish brown with dark yellow to dark brown macrosetae and setae ( Figs. 44, 46, 48 View FIGURES 44–49 ); epandrium dark reddish brown, dark brown with blue aura (under stereomicroscope) laterally and basally, becoming yellow ventrally and apically, dorsal and lateral setae dark reddish brown, ventral and apical setae dark yellow ( Figs. 44, 46, 48 View FIGURES 44–49 ); cercus dark brown with dark reddish brown setae and yellow setae apically; hypandrium and gonocoxite yellow with yellow and dark yellow setae ( Figs. 46–49 View FIGURES 44–49 ); gonocoxite with a very small conical and pointed projection posteriorly, occupying less than 1/3 of posterior gonocoxal margin and without setae; hypandrium rectangular with few posterior marginal setae ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 50–57 ); gonostylus narrow ( Figs. 52, 53 View FIGURES 50–57 ), reddish yellow with setae of same color; aedeagus reddish yellow, with apex pointed dorsally; subepandrial sclerite simple, without projection ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 50–57 ).

Length. Body length: 16 mm; wing length: 11.3 mm.

Holotype condition. Wings, postalar callus and abdomen slightly wrinkled because of drying procedure from alcohol; right wing mounted on microslide and terminalia placed in microvial with glycerin, both pinned with the specimen.

Female. Unknown.

Etymology. carrerai is a patronymic to Messias Carrera who proposed the genus Leinendera .

Biology. Unknown.

Remarks. When the specimen is turned in different positions under the stereomicroscope the color of thoracic pruinosity change from brown to black, yellow to golden and vice versa.

Taxonomic discussion. Differs from the other Leinendera species by the short stylus ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 ); black spot in front of ocellar tubercle; the reddish postpedicel; size of sensorial area on postpedicel and by the epandrium with a cheliform shape. Differs from L. mnrj sp. n. by the length of the stylus which is shorter ( Figs. 38 View FIGURES 36–43 , 60 View FIGURES 58–64 ) and by the shape of dorsal mesonotal stripes that forms a slight curve in the inner margin anteriorly in L. mnrj sp. n. ( Fig. 64 View FIGURES 58–64 ) and are straight in L. carrerai sp. n. ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 36–43 ). The latter species also differs from L. mnrj sp. n. by the triangular spot of pruinosity on abdominal tergites 5–7; the cheliform epandrium and by the apical gonocoxal projection which is shorter ( Figs. 44–56 View FIGURES 44–49 View FIGURES 50–57 , 65–73, 75–78 View FIGURES 65–70 View FIGURES 71–78 ).

Type material. Holotype: BRASIL: SP[São Paulo]: Salesópolis, Reserva Biológica Boracéia, Trilha dos Pilões, 23°39ʹ04.8ʺS 45°53ʹ41.8ʺW, Malaise—Ponto 3— Trilha 02–05.iv.2001, S. T. P. Amarante & ep. col. BIOTA- FAPESP GoogleMaps / Holotype Leinendera carrerai sp. n. Camargo, Vieira & Rafael (♂ MZUSP) .

Distribution. Brazil: São Paulo ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 , 57 View FIGURES 50–57 ).


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo













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