Alompra ferruginea Moore, 1872

Wu, Shipher, Lee, Hsueh & Zolotuhin, Vadim V., 2017, Review of the Alompra ferruginea Moore, 1872 complex with description of a new species from Taiwan (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae), Zootaxa 4247 (2), pp. 149-156: 149-153

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4247.2.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DE27B351-E15B-4686-88F2-C8B10F55AC6A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FB8B02-FFF8-FF81-5896-F8F2FB05FECA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Alompra ferruginea Moore, 1872
status

 

Alompra ferruginea Moore, 1872  

( Figs 1–4 View FIGURES 1 – 13 ; 14–20)

Alompra ferruginea Moore, Proc.   zool. Soc. Lond., 1872: 580, pl. 33, fig. 8; Cotes & Swinhoe, 1887: 197; Hampson, 1892: 418, fig. 289 ♀ (not ♂); Kirby, 1892: 830; Swinhoe, 1892: 266; Dudgeon, 1901: 409; Zolotuhin & Pinratana, 2005: 144, pl. 19, figs 11, 12; Kishida & Wang, 2011: 141, pl. 28: 7; Hauenstein et al., 2011: 33.

Taragama indicus Conte, 1909   , Rapports du Laboratoire d’Études de la Soie 6: 24, pl. 6, fig 1. Alampra [sic!] ferruginea: Hampson, 1910: 111   .

Specimens examined. Type material: Lectotype   . ♀ (not ♂ in the original description), [ INDIA], Darjiling [= Darjeeling], ex Moore Coll. 94–106, designated herein ( BMNH); holotype of Taragama indicus Conte, 1909     , ♂, INDIA   . 1♂, Assam, Cherrapunji , VI –1893, Rothschild Bequest B.M. 1939.1 ( BMNH). Additional material examined: NEPAL   , 1♂, Kathmandu, Godavari , 1600 m, 19–VI –1990, collector unknown, ex Yosunori Kishida Collection ( NSMT)   ; 1♂, Annapurna Himal, Geirigan village , 1340 m, 83’45’’E, 28’20’’N, 26–VII –1995, leg. Laszlo & Ronkay (MWM); MYANMAR   . 1♀, 21 km E Putao , Nan Sa Bon vill., 550 m, 1–5–V –1996, leg. Murzin & Siniaev (MWM); N. VIETNAM   . 1♂, Lao Cai, Sa Pa , 1600 m, 23–30–X –2001, leg. U. Jinbo ( NSMT); THAILAND   . 1♀, Changwat Nan, 5 km N Bo Luang , 1000 m, 12–XI –1999, leg. M. Hreblay (MWM)   ; 1♂, Changwat Chiang Mai, 4 km W Pa Pae , 1050 m, 28–XI –1998, leg. T. Csovari & L. Mikus (MWM)   ; 1♂, Changwat Chiang Mai, 7 km W Pa Pae , 1230 m, 21–XI –1998, leg. T. Csovari & L. Mikus (MWM)   ; 1♂, Changwat Chiang Mai, 6 km SE Pang Faen , 1100 m, 29–XI –1998, leg. T. Csovari & L. Mikus (MWM); CHINA   . 1♂, ‘paratype’ of Alompra incensa   (manuscript name), Guangdong, Drachenkopf , leg. R. Mell ( ZMHB)   ; 2♂, Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve , 1000m, 19–23–IX –2014, leg. M. Wang et al. ( SCAU, NSMT)   ; 2♂, Prov. W-Yunnan, Xishaungbanna Dai auton. pref., Puwen , 30 km SSW Simao, 900 m, 22’30’’N, 100’02’’E, 10–30–IV –2000, leg. Brechlin ‘s loc. collector (MWM)   ; 1♂, Prov. W-Yunnan, Lincang distr., 10 km W Yunxian, Daxing , 120 km S Dali, 1200 m, 24’30’’N, 100’01’’E, 16–III –10–IV –2000, leg. Brechlin ‘s loc. collector (MWM)   ; 1♂, Jiangxi, Wuyi Shan, Xipaihe village , 1500 m, 27°54’N, 117°20’E, VIII –2004, leg. Siniaev & his team (MWM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Shaanxi, Taibaishan Mt., Tsinling Mts , 1900 m, 33°55’N, 107°44’E, VI –2004, leg. Siniaev & his team (MWM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Sichuan, Qingcheng Mts , 60 km W Chengdu, 1200 m, 15–25–VII –2004, leg. S. Murzin (MWM).  

Taxonomic notes. Moore (1872) described Alompra ferruginea   based on “male (wingspan 2 ½ inches)” and “female (wingspan 3 ½ inches)” from Darjeeling after at least three specimens deposited “in coll. of F. Moore, W. W. Saunders and Captain Lang”. He also provided a fine drawing on a plate without pointing the sex. Hampson (1887) illustrated the “male” specimen that is similar to Moore’s plate based on the judgment of same wing shape and venation. Tams (1953) was the first who mentioned that this Hampson’s drawing should represent a female and synonymized Taragama indicus Conte, 1909   (the holotype male in BMNH) with A. ferruginea   based on the proposal of pair matching for this sexually dimorphic species. The recent specimen examination in BMNH by the first author confirmed that the Moore’s “male” type specimen is actually a female ( Figs 1, 10 View FIGURES 1 – 13 ), and this specimen is designated as a lectotype herein. The Moore’s larger and more robust “female” specimen is actually a female of a related species A. roepkei Tams, 1953   ( Figs 9, 13 View FIGURES 1 – 13 ) deposited in OM. Tams (1953) additionally described the populations of Borneo and Mindanao as two subspecies of A. ferruginea   , i.e. bidiensis   and cerastes   , respectively, based on the different shapes of 8th abdominal sternite from the nominate subspecies in the Oriental mainland. Besides, he did not mention and illustrate the male genitalia of this two insular subspecies. Zolotuhin and Pinratana (2005) firstly assumed that the Mindanao population ( cerastes   ) could be a separated species. Herein we confirmed the specimens in the Oriental mainland are consistent in male genitalia and 8th abdominal sternite, however, the specimens from Mindanao ( cerastes   ), Borneo and Sumatra ( bidiensis   ) and Taiwan are distinctly different, respectively, in both structures (see ‘Diagnosis’ for details) and are regarded as separated species (stat. nov.) for the former two and as a new species for the latter, i.e. A. yibinfani   sp. nov.

A male specimen designated as a type of Allompra incensa Mell   ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 13 ) was found in ZMHB. It is a rather finely preserved moth from Guangdong (S. China). No original description was found in spite of special search, therefore it is seemly only a manuscript unpublished name.

Diagnosis. Externally no remarkable differences between males of A. ferruginea   , A. cerastes   , A. bidiensis   , and A. yibinfani   sp. nov. ( Figs 1–8 View FIGURES 1 – 13 ), except that cerastes   is larger in size (forewing length ca. 21 mm rather than 15–17 mm in other species) and with forewing apex more protruded and pointed. The external appearance of this species group is given in the description part of A. yibinfan   i. The 8th abdominal sternite of A. ferruginea   male ( Figs 15, 17, 19 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ) and yibinfani   ( Fig. 21 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ) is tapering anterior part and concave posterior part, while the anterior part is slightly blunt and the posterior part is smoothly incised in A. bidiensis   ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ) and A. cerastes   ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ). In addition, a pair of protrusions is located at the postero-lateral sides in A. bidiensis   and close to the posterior margin in A. cerastes   . In male genitalia, the valve of A. ferruginea   ( Figs 14, 16, 18 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ) is consistent in different populations and can be distinguished from other species by the deeply bifurcate with dorsal one long with apex blunt and ventral one serrated at dentate margin with apex acute rather than ventral one without dentate ventral margin in A. yibinfani   ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ), the slight bifurcate with dorsal one very short, blunt at apex and ventral one long, dentate towards apex in A. bidiensis   ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ), the unseparated, compact valva with blunt, rounded apex in A. cerastes   ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 14 – 25 ). In vinculum of A. ferruginea   and yibinfani   , they are dilated at lateral parts and U-shaped at terminal part rather than longer, parallel at lateral parts in A. bidiensis   and shorter, forming V-shaped at the terminal part in A. cerastes   . The aedeagus of A. ferruginea   is well-divided bifurcate with both two terminal parts long rather than dorsal one short and ventral one long in A. yibinfani   , the presence of single spine terminally both in A. bidiensis   and A. cerastes   .

Description. The adult morphology has been described in the previous studies in details, e.g. Holloway (1987) and Zolotuhin and Pinratana (2005).

Bionomics. This species is distributed in rather primary broad-leaves forests. The adults occur in May, June and from September to November. The observation of a fresh female emerged from the cocoon on a leave of Garcinia forbesii   ( Clusiaceae   ) in Singapore has been summarized by Leong (2010).

Distribution. India, Nepal, southern and central China, N. Vietnam, N. Thailand, Myanmar.

NSMT

National Science Museum (Natural History)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Lasiocampidae

Genus

Alompra

Loc

Alompra ferruginea Moore, 1872

Wu, Shipher, Lee, Hsueh & Zolotuhin, Vadim V. 2017
2017
Loc

Taragama indicus

Hampson 1910: 111
1910
Loc

Alompra ferruginea Moore, Proc.

Kishida 2011: 141
Zolotuhin 2005: 144
Dudgeon 1901: 409
Hampson 1892: 418
Kirby 1892: 830
Swinhoe 1892: 266
Cotes 1887: 197
1887