Dipoena niteroi Levi, 1963

Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes, 2013, Six new species, complementary descriptions and new records from the Neotropical Region of the spider genus Dipoena (Araneae: Theridiidae), Zootaxa 3750 (1), pp. 1-25: 15-17

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3750.1.1

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC87C6-9F45-3D68-72F6-765AA119FB15

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scientific name

Dipoena niteroi Levi, 1963
status

 

Dipoena niteroi Levi, 1963 

( Figures 41–43View FIGURES 41 – 43)

Dipoena niteroi Levi, 1963: 166  , figs. 181–182 (Male holotype from Niteroi  , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, deposited in the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, not examined); Platnick, 2013.

Diagnosis. The female of Dipoena niteroi  resembles that of Dipoena obscura Keyserling, 1891  (see Levi, 1963: 164, figs. 169–170) in the presence of two pairs of rounded spermathecae with the first pair more developed, median copulatory opening and ducts are sclerotized ( Figs. 42, 43View FIGURES 41 – 43), differs from it in the first pair of spermathecae more separated from each other ( Figs. 43View FIGURES 41 – 43).

Description. Female (MCN 42276): Total length 1.49. Carapace length 0.58, width 0.50. Clypeus height 0.39. Sternum length 0.35, width 0.33. Abdomen length 1.07, width 1.17, height 0.94. Leg formula IV/II/III/I; segment length (I/II/III/IV): femora 0.52 / 0.50 / 0.48 / 0.58; patellae + tibiae 0.46 / 0.50 / 0.46 / 0.56; metatarsi + tarsi 0.46 / 0.52 / 0.52 / 0.58; total 1.44 / 1.52 / 1.46 / 1.72. Eye diameter and interdistance: AME 0.07, ALE 0.06, PME 0.06 and PLE 0.05; AME–AME 0.06, AME–ALE 0.04, PME–PME 0.04, PME–PLE 0.04. Eyes ( Figs. 41View FIGURES 41 – 43) margined with black. Macrosetae between eyes. Carapace ( Figs. 41View FIGURES 41 – 43) yellow, darkened in median portion and between eyes. Clypeus with a broad dark brown band between eyes and cheliceral margin. Labium and endite darkened. Sternum yellow. Coxae yellow. Femora yellow with brown rings, other articles yellow covered with darkened dots. Abdomen subcircular ( Figs. 41View FIGURES 41 – 43) with white pigment on dorsum, some black anterior; venter brown, darkened between spinnerets. Spinnerets covered with brown spots. Palp yellow, except tarsi dark brown.

Male. Described by Levi (1963: 166; figs. 181–182).

Variation. Females (n= 5). Total length 1.32–1.80; carapace length 0.48–0.63; femur I 0.48–0.52. Carapace colour pattern from pale yellow to yellow; amount of white pigment on the abdomen varies.

Remarks. Males and females were collected together in various localities in Brazil.

Material examined. BRAZIL. Bahia: Una, Reserva Biológica de Una (15 ° 10 ’S; 39 °03’W), 13–16.IV. 1998, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 40788); one female (MCN 40789); three females (MCN 40790); one male (MCN 40791); Porto Seguro, Estação Ecológica do Pau Brasil (16 ° 23 'S; 39 ° 10 'W), 17–20.IV. 1998, A. D. Brescovit et al. col., one male (MCN 43110); one female (MCN 43111). Minas Gerais: Catas Altas, Reserva Particular de Patrimônio Natural Serra do Caraça (20 °05’S; 43 ° 29 ’W), 24.IV–01.V. 2002, Equipe Biota col., one female (MCN 42380); Alto Caparaó, Parque Nacional do Caparaó (20 ° 26 ’02”S; 41 ° 52 ’04”W), 01–07.V. 2002, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 40183); one female (MCN 40184). Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra, Parque Estadual de Itaúnas (18 ° 25 ’S; 39 ° 42 ’W), 15.XII. 2002 – 06.III. 2003, Equipe Biota col., one female (MCN 43098); one female (MCN 43099); two males (MCN 43100); two males (MCN 43101); one male (MCN 43283). Rio de Janeiro: Pinheiral, Fazenda Santa Helena (22 ° 34 'S; 44 ° 21 'W), 05– 11.XI. 1999, Equipe Biota col., one male, one female (MCN 42050); one male (MCN 42052); Paraíba do Sul, Fazenda Maravilha (22 ° 12 'S; 43 ° 16 'W), Equipe Biota col., three males, one female (MCN 42276); one female (MCN 42277); one female (MCN 42280); Volta Redonda, Floresta da Cicuta (22 ° 31 ’ 22 ”S; 44 °06’ 14 ”W), Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 42407); one male (MCN 42418); Cachoeiras de Macacu, Reserva Ecológica de Guapi-Assu (22 ° 25 ’S; 42 ° 44 ’W), 08– 12.XI. 2001, Equipe Biota col., one female (MCN 42541); one female (MCN 42542); Petropólis, Fazenda Ranchinho da Roça (22 ° 30 ’ 17 '”S; 43 ° 10 ’ 56 '”W), 08– 15.II. 2000, Equipe Biota col., one female (MCN 42575); Resende, Parque Nacional de Itatiaia (20 °05'S; 43 ° 29 'W), 08– 15.VI. 2001, Equipe Biota col., two males (MCN 42660). São Paulo: Ilhabela, Parque Estadual de Ilhabela (23 ° 52 ’04”S; 45 ° 20 ’ 29 ”W), 09- 15.X. 2001, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 40778); one female (MNC 40781); three males (MCN 40783); Mogi das Cruzes, Parque Natural Municipal da Serra do Itapety (23 ° 29 ’S; 46 ° 12 ’W), 13-19.X. 2003, Equipe Biota col., two females (MCN 41139); one male (MCN 41141); one male (MCN 41142); one male (MCN 41143); one female (MCN 41144); one female (MCN 41145); one female (MCN 41244); São José do Barreiro, Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina (22 ° 43 ’S; 44 ° 36 ’W), 28.IV–03.V. 2002, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 41161); one female (MCN 41162); one male (MCN 41163); Ubatuba, Parque Estadual da llha Anchieta (23 ° 32 'S; 45 °03'W), 23–30.VII. 2001, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 41374); Guarulhos, Parque Estadual da Cantareira (23 ° 24 '15,1''S; 46 ° 31 '59,7''W), 16– 22.VII. 2001, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 41541); one male (MCN 41542); one male (MCN 41543); one female (MCN 41544); one female (MCN 41545); one female (MCN 41557); Iporanga, Parque Estadual Turístico do Alto Ribeira (24 ° 32 'S; 48 ° 41 'W), 08– 15.X. 2001, Equipe Biota col., two males, one female (MCN 41641); one male, one female (MCN 41642); one male (MCN 41651); São Paulo, Parque Estadual da Cantareira (23 ° 24 ’ 5 ”S; 46 ° 35 ’ 24 ”W), 20.XII. 2000, R. Pinto-da-Rocha et al. col., one female (MCN 41767); 26.IV. 2001, one female (MCN 41768); 28.X. 2000, one female (MCN 41771). Santa Catarina: Rancho Queimado (27 ° 40 ’ 22 ”S; 49 °01’ 19 ”W), 15–18.XI. 1995, A. B. Bonaldo col., one male (MCN 26845); Blumenau, Parque Natural Municipal Nascentes do Ribeirão Garcia (27 °01’S; 49 °09’W), 21–28.I. 2003, Equipe Biota col., one male (MCN 41106). Rio Grande do Sul: Derrubadas, Parque Estadual do Turvo (27 °00'– 27 ° 20 'S; 53 ° 40 '– 54 ° 10 'W), 11–18.I. 2002, Equipe Biota col., one female (MCN 42922).

Distribution. Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theridiidae

Genus

Dipoena