Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836

Shin, Chulwoo, Chaboo, Caroline S. & Clark, Shawn M., 2012, Revision of the endemic Hispaniolan genus Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836, with description of two new species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae: Ischyrosonychini), Zootaxa 3227, pp. 34-53 : 36-41

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Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836


Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836  

Asteriza Chevrolat 1836: 372   [type species: Cassida flavicornis Olivier, 1790   by monotypy]; Chapuis 1875: 387 [description]; Spaeth 1914: 122 [catalog]; Barber & Bridwell 1940: 10 [nomenclature]; Blackwelder 1946: 748; Hincks 1952: 336 [key to genera]; Wilcox 1975: 154 [catalog]; Seeno & Wilcox 1982: 175 [checklist]; Borowiec 1999: 169 [checklist]; Perez- Gelabert 2008: 125 [checklist]; Takizawa 2003: 97 [checklist]; Borowiec & Świętojańska 2011 [catalog].

Diagnosis of Asteriza   . Adults of Asteriza   have an oval body shape in dorsal aspect ( Figs. 4–5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7– 8, 10–11, 13 – 14) and a hemispherical shape without angles in lateral aspect ( Figs. 16–23 View FIGURES 16 – 23 ). In dorsal view, the pronotum and elytra are continuous to slightly discontinuous in females ( Figs. 5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 8, 11, 14) and slightly to moderately discontinuous in males ( Figs. 4 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7, 10, 13). The antennae are pale with scape, pedicel and often antennomere III shiny red to reddish brown and the apical half of the last antennomere tanned. The lateral margins of the pronotum and elytra are moderately explanate, the explanate portion being less than half the width of discal area. The dorsal color (4–5, 7 – 8, 10–11, 13 – 14) is mottled or speckled yellow to tan and black. The pronotum ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) is smooth. The pronotal anterior margin is semicircular, completely covering the head. The prosternal process ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) separates the procoxae by a distance approximately equal to the width of each procoxa. The elytral explanate portion ( Figs. 47–54 View FIGURES 47 – 54 ) is interrupted medially by a discal sublateral “bulge and is narrowed posteriad. The elytral edge is moderately thickened. The elytral disc is moderately punctate, with the punctures scattered. Each terminal tarsomere is unmodified.

Redescription of Asteriza Chevrolat.   Body oval in dorsal view ( Figs. 4–5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7– 8, 10–11, 13 – 14); head entirely concealed; pronotum and elytra continuous to slightly discontinuous in females ( Figs. 5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 8, 11, 14) and slightly to moderately discontinuous in males ( Figs. 4 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7, 10, 13). In lateral view ( Figs. 16–23 View FIGURES 16 – 23 ), body hemispherical, highest at middle of elytra. Pronotal and elytral disc moderately to well defined. Pronotal and elytral lateral margins ( Figs. 4– 5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7– 8, 10–11, 13 – 14) moderately explanate, explanate portion less than half width of discal area.

Head ( Figs. 24–26 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ) withdrawn into pronotum approximately halfway, completely covered dorsally by pronotal margin and partially concealed ventrally by prosternal margin; prosternal margin covering base of maxillary palpi. In dorsal view of dissected specimens ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ), shape subquadrate, widest medially, moderately rounded on sides, 1.25 times as broad as long; surface finely and sparsely pubescent. Eyes ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ) large, nearly flush with head, not protruding; egg-shaped, with dorsal width narrower than ventral width. Interocular distance 1.5 times as broad as widest part of eye. Ve r t e x very finely striate, striations slightly elevated; in dissected specimens, stridulatory file distinct, elongate and slightly convex ( Figs. 24–25 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ). Frontal tubercles (= antennal calli, Chaboo 2007) similar in size to antennal socket, elevated and flattened. Coronal suture in two sections, with mid-cranial suture posteriad (hidden by pronotum in intact specimens) extending to anterior margin of stridulatory file; mid-frontal sulcus extending to or bisecting anterior frontoclypeal margin ( Figs. 24 View FIGURES 24 – 26 , 30–33). Gena slightly protuberant in mandibular region; prosternum abutting behind protuberance. Frontoclypeus (Figs. 30–33) triangular, slightly protuberant anteriorly; epistomal suture barely discernible in dissected specimens; anterior margin of frontoclypeus either uninterrupted or bisected by mid-frontal sulcus; surface flattened or slight swollen, finely to coarsely punctate, with punctures unevenly distributed and finely setose. Antenna (Fig. 27) with 11 -antennomeres, reaching basal margin of pronotum. Distance between antennal sockets as broad as socket; distance between antennal socket and eye margin less than half width of socket ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ). Scape longer than wide; II (pedicel) shortest and rounded; III 1.5 times as long as broad; I–III with relative length ratio 2 / 1 /1.5; IV–X as long as broad; IV as long as III; V–X similar in shape and length; XI longest, 2 times as long as broad. Antennomeres I–III with surface shiny, tanned, and reddish brown, finely and sparsely setose; I finely wrinkled; IV–X pale and densely setose, with fine, long setae at apex; XI longest densely setose with longer fine setae on apical half, with apical half tanned black.

Mouth fossa ( Fig. 26 View FIGURES 24 – 26 ) large, irregularly pentagonal, broadest at mandibular articulating region, angled laterad, narrower ventrad. Labrum (Fig. 28) well sclerotized; basal half trapezoidal, roughly punctate, longitudinal midline with sparse long setae; anterior half shifted ventrad, narrower anteriad, with apical margin sinuate and narrowly emarginate. Mandible (Fig. 29) well sclerotized, fist-shaped; middle-part projected, with some setae; apical half finely wrinkled, with 5 teeth. Maxilla ( Figs. 34–37 View FIGURES 34 – 37 ) long and slender; cardo long, medially narrower, sclerotized, with three tendons on basal margin; stipes weakly sclerotized and membranous, irregularly triangular, finely punctate and setose; lacinia broad, weakly sclerotized basally, flattened, membranous apically, with fine setation; galea broadly connected to stipes, with basal half weakly sclerotized and setose, with apical half more sclerotized and densely setose, with medial surface finely and coarsely setose; maxillary palpus with 5 -palpomeres, palpifer laterally connected to stipes, weakly sclerotized; palpomere I as long as palpifer, more sclerotized, with setae; palpomere II setose, longer than I and III, broader anteriad; III setose, as long as I; IV as long as II, with sensilla on apex. Labium (Fig. 38–41) with mentum subrectangular, 1.5 times as broad as long, finely punctate medially, sparsely setose; prementum subquadrate, apicomedially broadly emarginate; ligula oval with long and narrowly extended tendon, with anterior half more setose than posterior half; labial palpus with three-palpomeres and setose; palpomere I shorter than II and III, weakly sclerotized; palpomere II setose, broader anteriad; palpomere III as long as II, setose, with sensilla on apex and subapical region.

Pronotum ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) with anterior margin semicircular; posterolateral and posteromedial angles well developed; maximum width across posteromedial angles. Dorsum smooth, without punctation or setation. Anterior and lateral margins explanate; explanate portion broader posteriad; width less than half width of disc. Posterior margin smooth, shallowly sinuate, angled from lateral corners toward scutellum. Disc slightly convex in profile; anterior margin flattened or slightly convex; lateral margins reflexed, forming shallow groove that may be absent anteriorly. Posteromedial angle overlapping scutellum. Prosternum ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) with hypomeron angled medially, surface with weak microsculpture, with some shallow ridges and microelevations; hypomeral process narrow, meeting apex of prosternal process. Anterior prosternal margin smooth, curving around head laterally, expanded, covering mouth parts up to basal part of maxillary palpi, with edge slightly concave laterally. Prosternal process shiny, flat, smooth, overlapping mesosternal margin, with scattered fine punctation posteriorly; tip articulating with recess in mesosternal process; apex medially angled or rounded, broadly expanded behind procoxae, meeting hypomeron. Cervical cavity oval; posterior prothoracic foramen setose internally on ventral half, setose externally in dorsolateral region.

Mesonotum ( Fig. 44 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) obtusely pentagonal, finely setose, 0.5 times as large as pronotum in width and length; anterior margin continuous medially with longitudinal mesothoracic suture; axillary cord finely wrinkled, marginate. Scutellum with exposed portion triangular, convex posteriad; frontal margin covered by pronotum; apical margin acute. Mesosternum ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) deeply notched, receiving procoxal process; exposed portion generally U-shaped; mesosternal process thickened, well sclerotized. Mesepisternum pale to dark colored, somewhat triangular, with narrow side towards mesocoxa; mesepisternal ridge well defined, with transverse groove on posterior side. Mesepimeron with exposed portion trapezoidal; anterolateral corner triangularly expanded, anterolaterally forming tubercle, with tubercle hidden by elytra in intact specimens (in ventral aspect); ventral surface microreticulate.

Metasternum ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) dark, smooth, shiny, medially flat; anterolateral area declivous; posterolateral portion projected, with projection sharply angular; median longitudinal groove faint. Anterior margin in intact specimens deeply fused with mesosternum. Anterior metacoxal process deeply grooved and bilobed. Metepisternum densely punctate.

Elytra ( Figs. 47 View FIGURES 47 – 54 –56), together with pronotum, oval in dorsal view, widest near mid-length, explanate laterad and posteriad; surface shining and punctate; punctures only on black colored surface, deep and coarse, especially at junction of disc and lateral margin area basal margin black, sinuate, weakly denticulate from scutellar angle to area in front of humeral callus; disc swollen at humeral region and mediolateral region; explanate margin distinct from disc, tanned to reddish brown, narrower posteriad, translucent with internal netted pattern in some specimens. In ventral view of disarticulated specimens, anterior margin of elytra finely setose; sutural margin slightly explanate in scutellar area; brace forming distinct swelling at posterior humeral region; longitudinal carina present lateromedially, partly connected to brace; humeral and external brace-longitudinal carina region with patches of very short setae; dorsal black punctures indicated ventrally by minute denticles set in annulate depressions; posterolateral portion of epipleuron setose along internal margin.

Hind wing (Figs. 57–58) well developed; coloration varying across wing; radial cell small, irregularly triangular.

Legs slender, long, shiny, sparsely and finely setose except densely setose at tibial apex and ventral portion of tarsi; apex of mid- and hind femora fitting into epipleural concavities when at rest. Visible portion of procoxae and especially metacoxae transverse, mesocoxae less so, all laterally angulate. Trochanters triangular in ventral view, with posterior surface convexly rounded. Each femur 6 times as long as each trochanter, with external surface slightly curved. Each tibia long and slender, 5 times as long as each trochanter, broader distally, with apical third densely setose and with dorsodistal surface broadly notched to receive tarsus. Tarsi 4 - 4 - 4; tarsomeres I, II, III, and IV (= tarsomere V of most Chrysomelidae   ) dorsally convex with sparse, long setae, with ventral surfaces densely setose; tarsomere I small, as long as broad; tarsomere II shallowly bilobed, base as long as tarsomere I, lobes as long as base, distal half finely setose; tarsomere III deeply bilobed, 3 times as long as tarsomere I; tarsomere IV 4 times as long as tarsomere I, distally setose and covering base of claws; claws evenly curved, tapered, with inner face smooth.

Abdomen completely covered by elytra, broadly rounded; ventrite I dark brown to black, shiny, with well sclerotized hind coxal process; ventrite II as long as I (except for hind coxal process length), longer than III, IV or V; ventrites I–IV with medial regions slightly convex, with oval depression laterally; ventrites II–V sparsely and finely setose laterally; posterior 1 / 3 of ventrite V sparsely punctate, with setae; spiracles on dorsolateral margins; spiracle openings oval, internal surface smooth; peritremes well sclerotized. Pygidium semicircular, densely punctate, densely and finely setose.

Male genitalia ( Figs. 59–63 View FIGURES 59 – 63 ): Testes located near each side of aedeagal base; vasa deferentia loosely coiled, confluent and connected to seminal vesicle; aedeagus long with apex acute, normally laying on side within abdomen, curved from left to right in dorsal view; spicules (Fig. 64) sclerotized, slightly broader distally, 0.5 times as long as basal part of aedeagus; ejaculatory duct long, loosely coiled, weakly sclerotized, connected to aedeagus internally, more sclerotized in opening of seminal vesicle.

Female genitalia ( Figs. 62 View FIGURES 59 – 63 –67): Spermatheca well sclerotized, falcate, with two openings and muscles on inner margin; spermathecal duct sclerotized, coiled and entwined on common oviduct, connected to common oviduct; paired accessory glands laid side by side; accessory gland duct extended posteriad and connected to paired reservoir organs.

Sexual dimorphism. Male ( Figs 4 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 7, 10, 13) often smaller in overall size and slightly rounded relative to more oval shaped female ( Figs. 5 View FIGURES 4 – 6 , 8, 11, 14). Often, male elytral explanate margin broader; elytral anterolateral region slightly more explanate and angled; profile continuous between pronotum and elytra at scutellum ( Figs. 16, 18, 20, 22 View FIGURES 16 – 23 ).

Remarks. The male genitalia are positioned on its side in the abdomen, such that the morphological dorsal and ventral surfaces are oriented laterally. Because of this positioning, the genitalia are rotated in a counterclockwise direction for copulation, which is described by the term deversement ( Jeannel 1955; Verma 2009). The apical part of the aedeagus is surrounded by membrane and the pair of spicules are attached to the membrane.

In some specimens, the thickening on the inner surface of the cervical cavity (anterior prothoracic cavity) is developed into an articulating ridge, which is probably the scraper with the stridulatory file as in Physonota   species (CWS, personal observation).












Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836

Shin, Chulwoo, Chaboo, Caroline S. & Clark, Shawn M. 2012


Gelabert 2008: 125
Takizawa 2003: 97
Borowiec 1999: 169
Seeno 1982: 175
Wilcox 1975: 154
Hincks 1952: 336
Blackwelder 1946: 748
Barber 1940: 10
Spaeth 1914: 122
Chapuis 1875: 387
Chevrolat 1836: 372