Asteriza flavicornis ( Olivier, 1790 )

Shin, Chulwoo, Chaboo, Caroline S. & Clark, Shawn M., 2012, Revision of the endemic Hispaniolan genus Asteriza Chevrolat, 1836, with description of two new species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae: Ischyrosonychini), Zootaxa 3227, pp. 34-53 : 43-44

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.280316

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5690020

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC87F1-557E-677D-FF42-7029FFE4F984

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Asteriza flavicornis ( Olivier, 1790 )
status

 

Asteriza flavicornis ( Olivier, 1790)

Cassida flavicornis Olivier 1790: 393 [original description], 1808: 957 [figure]; Staines & Whittington 2003: 3 [type catalog]. Asteriza flavicornis Chevrolat 1836: 372 [transfer]; Boheman 1854: 496 [description], 1856: 147 [checklist], 1862: 365 [description]; Gemminger & Harold 1876: 3660 [catalog]; Spaeth 1914: 122 [catalog]; Blackwelder 1946: 748 [checklist]; Wilcox 1975: 154 [catalog]; Borowiec 1996: 130 [checklist], 1999: 169 [catalog]; Chaboo 2000: 379 [outgroup in phylogenetic analysis]; Takizawa 2003: 97 [checklist]; Chaboo 2007: 23 [phylogeny]; Perez-Gelabert 2008: 125 [checklist]; Świętojańska & Windsor 2008: 655 [mature larvae, pupa, host plant]; Borowiec & Świętojańska 2011 [catalog]. Asteriza punctatissima Chevrolat 1836: 372 [checklist, cited with Klug as author]; Gemminger & Harold 1876: 3660 (nomen nudum).

Asteriza flavicornis var. retigera Chevrolat 1836: 372 [checklist; cited with Mannerheim as author]; Gemminger & Harold 1876: 3660 (nomen nudum).

Type. Lectotype ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ) and paralectotype ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ) in RSME, lacking locality information. Staines & Whittington (2003: 3) indicate the same information.

Diagnosis. A. flavicornis (Figs. 10–12) can be distinguished from A. tainosa n. sp. ( Figs. 4–6 View FIGURES 4 – 6 ) by the coloration of the pronotum and elytra that are less tan; from A. blakeae n. sp. (Figs. 7–8) by the elytral lateral margin that is less explanate, the pale pronotal lateral edges and bicolored femora; and from A. darlingtoni (Figs. 13–14) by the coloration and the shape between pronotal and elytral bases. The pronotum is nearly as wide as the elytral base, and together they form a nearly regular oval in dorsal view; the pronotal lateral margin is pale; the elytral punctures are more closely, regularly arranged; the dark markings on the elytra are interconnected, surrounding isolated pale blotches; the pale elytral markings are similar in size to those of the pronotal disc; each femur is black with the apical end reddish.

Redescription. Adult: Male (n= 50) length 8.5–10.0 mm, width 7.2–8.0 mm; female (n= 80) length 9.5–11.0 mm, width 8 –10.0 mm. Body (Figs. 10–11) oval, slightly discontinuous between pronotal and elytral base in dorsal view; profile ( Figs. 20–21 View FIGURES 16 – 23 ) hemispherical with elytra slightly more extended than pronotum ventrad. Dorsal color mottled, black with irregular brown spots, shiny; pale color ranging from yellowish brown to reddish-brown (Figs. 10–11). Head entirely concealed in dorsal view, black; vertex with paired, tan, swollen regions. Frontoclypeus often divided by mesal sulcus or sulcus obliterated by punctures basally but apparent apically. Gena and subgena black or dark reddish-brown. Maxillary palpomeres III and IV ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 34 – 37 ) occasionally with apical sensilla; III slightly curved, 2 times as long as II; IV 1.1 times longer than wide. Ligula (Fig. 40) apically rounded, coarsely setose; labial palpomere III 2.3 times as long as broad, with sensilla on apex, and with 2 individual sensilla subapically. Pronotum ( Figs. 42–43 View FIGURES 42 – 46 ) with anterior margin semicircular; posterolateral and posteromedial angles well developed; maximum width across posteromedial angles; dorsum smooth, without punctation or setation; anterior and lateral margins explanate; explanate portion slightly broader posteriad; anterior margin pale, translucent. Elytra ( Figs. 51–52 View FIGURES 47 – 54 ) moderately convex, with margins black with reddish brown edge, translucent in some specimens; explanate margin width less than one third elytron discal width.

Material examined. Lectotype, Dufrasne 1936 – 50, 236; no data ( RSME: male); paralectotype, Dufrasne 1936 – 50, 235; no data ( RSME: female); Dominican Republic: Prov. Azua: 8km N.E., Padre Las Casas, Rio Las Cuevas, 18 ˚ 46 ’ N., 70 ˚ 53 ’ W., Alt. 580 m, Oct 3–4 1991, C. Young, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, Riparian growth in arid thorn scrub, hand collecting ( CMNH: 10 males, 15 females; BYU: 2 females); Prov. Independencia: Rd. 47, between Los Pinos & Angel Felix, 760 m, 18 ˚ 36 ’ 98.6 N., 71 ˚ 45 ’ 55.6 W, 20 VI 2005 (CCC: 4 females); ESE Jiman, La Florida, 18 ˚ 14 ' N., 71 ˚ 44 ' W., 20m, moist site, 13 APR 1993, M. A. Ivie, D. Sikes, W. Lanier ( WIBF: 4 males, 4 females); Prov. Monte Cristi: 5–9 km. N. Villa Elisa, 26 V 1992, col. M.C. Thomas ( FSCA: 1 male, 1 female); 8 km. N. Villa Elisa, 31 V 1994, col. M.C. Thomas ( FSCA: 2 males, 2 females); no data ( ZMHB: 1 male, 1 female); Prov. San Juan: 28 km. S.E., San Juan, August 6, 1979, G. B. Marshall ( WIBF: 1 female); St. Domingo, 2446, Gorham col. ( USNM: 2 females); Haiti: Prov. Ouquest: Diquini, W.M. Mann, F. Monros col. 1959 ( USNM: 1 female); Port au Prince, R.J. Crew, Wickman col. 1939 ( USNM: 10 males, 15 females); Port au Prince, 2 ˚ 27 ’ 98 [no direction is provided on label], E.A. Klages, F. Monros col. 1959 ( USNM: 3 males, 11 females; CUIC: 3 males, 2 females); Port au Prince [no direction is provided on label] ( ZMHB: 1 male, 6 females); W.A. Hoffmann, Apr 16 1925, ex Cordia mariani ( USNM: 4 males, 2 females); Coll. E. Friv. ( HNHM: 1 female); no data ( ZMHB: 9 males, 10 females).

Distribution. Dominican Republic: St. Domingo ( Gemminger & Harold 1876), Azua (range extension), Independencia (range extension); Haiti: Port au Prince ( Borowiec & Świętojańska 2011). Boheman (1854) indicated the locality Guyana, which Blake (1939) cited as the country of Guiana; Chaboo (2007: 234) also listed Guyana. Olivier (1790: 393) indicated the locality as “l’Amérique méridionale [South America], which referred to all of South America in the past. Based on the specimens we examined, Asteriza appears to be confined to Hispaniola. Olivier’s two type specimens ( Figs. 1–2 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ; RSME) lack locality labels ( Olivier 1790).

Host plant. Boraginaceae : Cordia species ( Świętojańska & Windsor 2008). One USNM specimen has a label with the host plant, Cordia mariani , but this is not an accepted name for any Cordia species.

Remarks. We hereby designate the male specimen as the lectotype ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ) from the two syntypes ( RSME) because it is intact. The other syntype becomes the paralectotype; it is a female specimen ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ) lacking the abdomen.

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

BYU

Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum

WIBF

West Indian Beetle Fauna Project Collection

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Chrysomelidae

Genus

Asteriza

Loc

Asteriza flavicornis ( Olivier, 1790 )

Shin, Chulwoo, Chaboo, Caroline S. & Clark, Shawn M. 2012
2012
Loc

Asteriza flavicornis

Gemminger 1876: 3660
Chevrolat 1836: 372
1836
Loc

Cassida flavicornis

Perez-Gelabert 2008: 125
Swietojanska 2008: 655
Chaboo 2007: 23
Staines 2003: 3
Takizawa 2003: 97
Chaboo 2000: 379
Borowiec 1996: 130
Wilcox 1975: 154
Blackwelder 1946: 748
Spaeth 1914: 122
Gemminger 1876: 3660
Gemminger 1876: 3660
Boheman 1854: 496
Chevrolat 1836: 372
Chevrolat 1836: 372
Olivier 1790: 393
1790