Ethmostigmus Pocock, 1898

Schileyko, Arkady A. & Stoev, Pavel E., 2016, Scolopendromorpha of New Guinea and adjacent islands (Myriapoda, Chilopoda), Zootaxa 4147 (3), pp. 247-280: 258

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Ethmostigmus Pocock, 1898


Genus Ethmostigmus Pocock, 1898 

Type-species. Scolopendra trigonopoda Leach, 1817  (by subsequent designation).

Range. India: Tamil Nadu  , Assam, Madras; W Nepal ( Annapurna Reservation Area )  ; Bhutan; Sri Lanka; China; Myanmar; Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam; Singapore; Taiwan; Philippines; Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo Island ( Sarawak)  ; Indonesia: Java Island  , Sulawesi Island  , Maluku Islands, Raja Ampat Islands  , West Papua  ; Papua New Guinea: Madang Province, Bismarck Archipelago  ; Australia: Northern Territory (Keep River National Park)  , Western Australia (McDermid Rock, Kimberley, Banjiwarn, Goldsworthy)  ; Solomon Islands; Polynesia: Tahiti, Society Islands  , Tuvalu Islands  ; Turkey (?); Africa: Algeria; Ethiopia; Sudan; Tanzania; Gambia ( Bijilo Forest Park)  ; Angola; Malawi; Congo; Zanzibar Archipelago; Fernando Po Island.

Remarks. Ethmostigmus relictus  was described by Chamberlin (1944b) from “«Luid[?]», Dutch New Guinea [West Papua Province]” on the basis of one specimen. According to the author the species is morphologically close to E. rubripes  in the form of the “pseudopleural [=coxopleural] process” but differs from the latter “in having but two spines above [=dorsal] with these low and blunt, almost abortive. It differs also in lacking a tarsal spine [=spur] on the 20th pair of legs”. All these “differences” fall well within the intraspecific variability of E. r. rubripes  , so this dubious form has not been included in the list of species. According to Bonato et al. (2016) E. relictus  is known also from Java Island ( Indonesia) but we were not able to find where this record comes from.