Otostigmus (O.) astenus (Kohlrausch, 1881)

Schileyko, Arkady A. & Stoev, Pavel E., 2016, Scolopendromorpha of New Guinea and adjacent islands (Myriapoda, Chilopoda), Zootaxa 4147 (3), pp. 247-280: 253

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4147.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6238B25B-787F-4F50-BFAE-03CD33D0F699

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD3267-0E4E-B00B-FF5C-FD52BEB8F8F9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Otostigmus (O.) astenus (Kohlrausch, 1881)
status

 

3. Otostigmus (O.) astenus (Kohlrausch, 1881) 

Figs 10–12

Otostigmus (O.) astenus: Attems, 1930: 143  ; Otostigmus (O.) moluccanus: Schileyko, 1995: 81  ; Otostigmus (O.) astenus: Lewis, 2001: 21  ;

Otostigmus (O.) astenus: Schileyko, 2007: 78  ; Otostigmus (O.) astenus: Lewis, 2010: 9  .

Material. E Indonesia, West Papua Province, S Bird’s Neck, Kaimana 2–4 km NE, road from Kaimana to Bitsyaru bay , 03°39’26”S, 133°46’21”E, 150 m, primeval lowland rainforest on limestone, 1 ad, 20.09.2010, leg. M. Kalninsh, No. 7507.GoogleMaps 

Range. According to Lewis (2010) and Bonato et al. (2016): Madagascar (introduced), eastwards from Cambodia to Oceania namely: Vietnam; Taiwan; The Philippines; Central and East Indonesia  ; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; Australia; New Caledonia; Samoa Islands; Marianas; Caroline Islands (Yap)  ; Tonga Islands; Fiji Islands; Hawaiian Islands . 

Herewith, we add to the list the villages Khoti and Sissu (Keylong City) in Himachal Pradesh State, India which are the most western records of the species worldwide.

Remarks. The specimen can be recognized by the specific shape of the forcipular tooth-plate (Fig. 10). It is in accord with Lewis’ (2010: 9) description and drawings of O. astenus  this including the presence of tarsal spur of ultimate legs, a character which is generally rare in Scolopendridae  . Our specimen differs insignificantly from Lewis’ (2009) description in having two tarsal spurs on legs 1–3 (Lewis recorded legs 1–4(17)) and well-developed (vs “small”) spines at ultimate prefemur ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 11 – 12). Additional material (No. 6351, 6352, 6390, 7009) shows these spines well-developed as well.

Further material of O. astenus  in the ZMMU collection (22 specimens) shows considerable variability in the structure of the spiracles (size, shape, depth of atrium). Comparing to the North Indian (No. 7009), Hawaiian (No. 6352) and Vietnamese (No. 6390) material the West Papuan specimen has considerably reduced spiracle atrium ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 11 – 12), a condition observed also in exemplars from Tonga (No. 6351). According to our own experience the spiracles with deep atrium are more common in Otostigmus  .

The accessory spines in the studied exemplar are of the usual shape, while in the specimen from Hawaii they are much enlarged (nearly triangular) and short.

ZMMU

Zoological Museum, Moscow Lomonosov State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Chilopoda

Order

Scolopendromorpha

Family

Scolopendridae

Genus

Otostigmus

Loc

Otostigmus (O.) astenus (Kohlrausch, 1881)

Schileyko, Arkady A. & Stoev, Pavel E. 2016
2016
Loc

Otostigmus (O.) astenus:

Lewis 2001: 21
Schileyko 1995: 81
Attems 1930: 143
Loc

Otostigmus (O.) astenus:

Schileyko 2007: 78