Cosmodela Rivalier, 1961,

Aston, Paul, 2016, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Hong Kong Carabidae Latreille, 1802 (Coleoptera: Adephaga), with notes on the historic boundaries of Hong Kong as related to zoological collections, Zootaxa 4121 (3), pp. 201-257: 209-210

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4121.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:172021D4-55C8-483F-A6B2-F823C3022F90

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FF87A8-5E38-5366-57B4-FA19FDF9966D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cosmodela Rivalier, 1961
status

 

Genus Cosmodela Rivalier, 1961  .

Cosmodela aurulenta juxtata Acciavatti & Pearson, 1989 

Listed as C. aurulenta juxtata Acciavatti & Pearson, 1989  by Wiesner (1992), Hua (2002), Puchkov & Matalin (2003), Wiesner (2004), Sawada & Wiesner (2004), Sawada & Wiesner (2006 a), Wiesner (2008) and Wiesner (2013 b). Westwood (1853) was the first to note this species for Hong Kong as Calochira aurulanta ( Fabricius, 1801). Dover & Ribeiro (1923) and Hua (2002) list Cosmodela aurulenta aurulenta ( Fabricius, 1801)  for Hong Kong, whereas Chaudoir (1865), Dover & Ribeiro (1923), Schilder (1911), Horn (1930), Chen et al. (2002) and Hua (2002) list Cicindela aurulenta flavomaculata Chevrolat  for Hong Kong. Hill & Cheung (1978) and Hill (1982) incorrectly name this species Cicindela separata ( Fleutiaux, 1893)  . It is listed under that name by Hua (2002). So (1967), Hill & Cheung 1978 and Hill 1982 cite the species as Cosmodela separata ( Fleutiaux, 1893)  . Lee & Winney (1981) list Cicindela separata Fleut.  var. flavomaculata Bates  for Hong Kong. These references to Cicindela separata  may be through confusion with the Hong Kong records of Calochroa flavomaculata ( Hope 1831)  and Cosmodela flavomaculata ( Bates 1872)  a junior synonym of C. separata  . Material: 3 exx. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O, 12.iv. 15 – 25.iv. 15 Malaise Trap, (Leg. C Bartelemy); Sight record W.T., 20.iv.06; Sight record W.T., 23.iv.06; 1 ex. W.T., 25.iv.06; Sight record W.T., 27.iv.08; Sight record W.T.L., 30.iv. 15; Sight record W.T., 4.v.06; Sight record W.T., 6.v.06 (very common); Sight record W.T., 7.v.06; Sight record W.T., 7.v. 15; Sight record W.T., 9.v.08; 3 exx. Hong Kong, Pak Sha.O, 9.v. 15 – 24.v. 15 Malaise Trap, (Leg; C Bartelemy); Sight record W.T., 15.v.06; Sight record W.T., 15.v.05; Sight record W.T., 13.v.06; Sight record W.T., 18.v.06; Sight record W.T.L., 18.v. 15; Sight record W.T., 19.v.07; Sight record W.T., 21.v.05; 1 ex.

W.T., 20.v. 12; 1 ex. Hong Kong, Lantau, Tung Chung valley, 22.v. 12; Sight record W.T., L. 24.v. 15, observed for 20 minutes, frequently moved around, but did not actively hunt even though there were a large variety of insects to which to choose; Sight record W.T., 28.v.06; Sight record W.T., L. 29.v. 15, observed for 20 minutes, frequently moved around, but did not actively hunt even though there were a large variety of insects to which to choose; Sight record W.T., 3.vi.06; Sight record W.T., 4.vi.06; Sight record W.T., 4.vi. 15 Mating pair; Sight record W.T., 10.vi.06; 5 exx. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O,, 14.vi. 14 – 29.vi. 14, Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); Sight record W.T., 17.vi.06; Sight record W.T., 18.vi.06; Sight record W.T., 19.vi.05; Sight record Hong Kong, Lantau, Sunset Peak 24.vi.06 common at 900 m altitude; Sight record W.T., 26.vi.05; Sight record W.T., 27.vi. 15 2 mating pairs observed; 2 exx. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O, 29.vi. 14 – 12. vii. 14., Malaise Trap (Leg. C. Barthelemy); Sight record W.T., 1.vii.06; Sight record W.T., 1.vii.05; Sight record W.T., 9.vii.05 on beach; Sight record W.T., 10.vii.05; Sight record W.T., 17.vii.05; Sight record W.T., 23.vii.06; 3 exx. Hong Kong, Ping Shan Chai, 26.vii. 14 – 09. viii. 14., Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); 1 ex. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O, 26.vii. 14 – 09. viii. 14., Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); Sight record W.T., 30.vii.06; Sight record W.T., 2.viii.06; Sight record W.T., 5.viii.06; Sight record W.T., 8.viii.06; 1 ex. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O, 9.viii. 14 – 23. viii. 14., Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); Sight record W.T., W.T., 18.viii.06; Sight record W.T., W.T., 21.viii.05; 1 ex. Hong Kong, Pak Sha O, 23.viii. 14 – 13.ix. 14, Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); 1 ex. Hong Kong, Ping Shan Chai, 23.viii. 14 - 13.ix. 14, Malaise Trap (Leg; C. Barthelemy); Sight record W.T., W.T., 27.viii.05; Sight record W.T., W.T., 3.ix.05; Sight record W.T., W.T., 4.ix.05; Sight record W.T., 10.ix.05; Sight record W.T., 13.ix.05; Sight record W.T., 17.ix.05; Sight record W.T., 18.ix.05; Sight record W.T., 20.ix.05; sight record W.T.L., 21.ix. 13; Sight record W.T., 4.x.05; Sight record W.T., 11.x.06; Sight record W.T., 24.x.05. Biology: Imago found April to October, mating observed in June. This is the most easily seen species in Hong Kong, always associated with bushes and trees and absent from open grassland devoid of bushes, though can occasionally be found on beaches. Often found in the night time on the underside of leaves and can be attracted to light. Westwood (1853) quoted a letter from John Charles Bowring in Hong Kong about this species "a very common species, and may frequently be seen assembled in considerable numbers about the pabulum of cattle, lying in wait apparently for other insects which are attracted to the spots." Fully winged and readily flies.

Cosmodela virgula ( Fleutiaux, 1893) 

Fowler (1912) listed C. aurulenta  variation virgula  as occurring in Hong Kong. Also listed as occurring in Hong Kong by Dover & Ribeiro (1923), Mandl (1981), Wiesner (1992), Hua (2002), Puchkov & Matalin (2003), Wiesner (2004), Sawada & Wiesner (2004) and Shook & Wiesner (2006). Fowler (1912) described it as similar to C. aurulenta  with the elytral spots smaller and the central one comma shaped.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Loc

Cosmodela Rivalier, 1961

Aston, Paul 2016
2016
Loc

Cosmodela aurulenta juxtata

Acciavatti & Pearson 1989
1989
Loc

C. aurulenta juxtata

Acciavatti & Pearson 1989
1989
Loc

Cicindela separata (

Fleutiaux 1893
1893
Loc

Cosmodela separata (

Fleutiaux 1893
1893
Loc

Cosmodela virgula (

Fleutiaux 1893
1893
Loc

Cosmodela flavomaculata (

Bates 1872
1872
Loc

Calochroa flavomaculata (

Hope 1831
1831
Loc

Cosmodela aurulenta aurulenta (

Fabricius 1801
1801